OK
https://www.ft.com/
United States
Country
AS10796
Network
January 18, 2020, 2:54 AM UTC
Date & Time
Websites
Websites
Web Connectivity Test
Runtime: 1.5s

On Jan 18, 2020 2:54 AM, https://www.ft.com/ was accessible when tested on AS10796 in United States.

Failures

HTTP Experiment
null
DNS Experiment
null
Control
null

DNS Queries

Resolver:
65.24.26.37
Query:
IN A www.ft.com
Engine:
system
Name
Class
TTL
Type
DATA
@
IN
CNAME
f3.shared.global.fastly.net
@
IN
A
151.101.186.109

TCP Connections

Connection to 151.101.186.109:443 succeeded.

HTTP Requests

URL
GET https://www.ft.com/
Response Headers
Content-Length:
388848
X-Xss-Protection:
1; mode=block
X-Download-Options:
noopen
X-Content-Type-Options:
nosniff
Set-Cookie:
FTAllocation=79d6a3e8-2d56-4aa5-ab6e-042ef8cd4464; Expires=Tue, 09 Mar 2021 18:00:00 GMT; Domain=.ft.com; Path=/
Accept-Ranges:
bytes
Strict-Transport-Security:
max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload
Vary:
ft-flags, ft-anonymous-user, ft-edition, ft-force-opt-in-device, accept, et-app, FT-Site, FT-Regional-News, Accept-Encoding, FT-Site, FT-Regional-News
Connection:
keep-alive
Etag:
W/"5eef0-FkMTDVh0d9lxKig0jOFA5ZW8ZFk"
Link:
<//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/dd38bbf1/main.css>; as="style"; rel="preload"; nopush, <//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/fdd209de/myft-ui-extra.css>; as="style"; rel="preload"; nopush, <https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/polyfill/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default,requestAnimationFrame,Promise,matchMedia,HTMLPictureElement,fetch,Array.prototype.find,Array.prototype.findIndex,Array.prototype.includes,Array.prototype.@@iterator,IntersectionObserver,Map,Set,Array.from,NodeList.prototype.forEach,NodeList.prototype.@@iterator,EventSource,Number.isInteger,Object.entries,String.prototype.padStart,String.prototype.padEnd&flags=gated&source=next&unknown=polyfill&cb=1552915810>; as="script"; rel="preload"; nopush, <//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/6dad81a4/font-loader.js>; as="script"; rel="preload"; nopush, <//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/189a579a/o-errors.js>; as="script"; rel="preload"; nopush, <//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/03b52c80/appshell.js>; as="script"; rel="preload"; nopush, <//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/024db7aa/main.js>; as="script"; rel="preload"; nopush, <https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-ft-masthead?source=o-header&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg>; as="image"; rel="preload"; nopush
Cache-Control:
max-age=0, no-cache, must-revalidate
Date:
Sat, 18 Jan 2020 02:55:34 GMT
Content-Type:
text/html; charset=utf-8
Age:
0
Response Body
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en-GB" prefix="og: http://ogp.me/ns# article: http://ogp.me/ns/article# video: http://ogp.me/ns/video#" data-ab-state="messageSlotTop:printBannerUsa,messageSlotBottom:cookieConsentC,xteaserpagesv2:variant,globetrotter:true,adsAppLazyloadingThresholdsMVT:control,isDirectPropensityCohort:variant,priceIncreaseTest2020:10Standard_0Premium,teaser-test-d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04:variant1,teaser-test-4f559a0e-3852-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4:variant2" class="no-js core o-hoverable-on o-typography--loading-sans o-typography--loading-sans-bold o-typography--loading-display o-typography--loading-display-bold" data-next-app="front-page" data-next-edition="international" data-next-is-production data-next-version="a6c3641c007482d8a830a3f0d34a53a3a8da750b" >	<head>
		<meta charset="utf-8">
		<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
		<title>Financial Times</title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
		<meta name="theme-color" content="#333333">
		<style>html{background-color:#fff1e5;}</style>
		<link rel="preconnect" href="https://spoor-api.ft.com">
		<link rel="preconnect" href="https://session-next.ft.com" crossorigin="use-credentials">
		<link rel="preconnect" href="https://ads-api.ft.com">
		<link rel="preconnect" href="https://www.googletagservices.com">

		<script>
		window.FT = window.FT || {};
		window.FT.conditions = {};
		window.FT.fireCondition = function (condition) {
			var evName = 'FT.' + condition;
			if (!window.FT.conditions[condition]) {
				var ev;
				try {
					ev = new CustomEvent(evName);
					// really annoying, but the CSSLoading might occur before polyfilling CustomEvent
				} catch (e) {
					ev = document.createEvent('CustomEvent')
					ev.initCustomEvent(evName, false, false, null);
				}
				document.dispatchEvent(ev);
				window.FT.conditions[condition] = 1;
			}
		};
		window.FT.cssFileLoaded = function () {
			if (!document.querySelector('link[data-is-next][rel="preload"][as="style"]')) {
				window.FT.fireCondition('allStylesLoaded')
			}
		}
		window.FT.sentryEndpoint = "https://37d6cb11daa44ce4b4d00322130ec83f@app.getsentry.com/79503";
		</script>			<style class="n-layout-head-css">
				html,body{margin:0;text-rendering:optimizeLegibility;-ms-text-size-adjust:100%;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale}main{display:block}body:not(.js-focus-visible) :focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) :focus{outline:2px solid #807973}body:not(.js-focus-visible) input:focus,body:not(.js-focus-visible) textarea:focus,body:not(.js-focus-visible) select:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) input:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) textarea:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) select:focus{-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973;box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973}body.js-focus-visible .focus-visible,html.js-focus-visible .focus-visible{outline:2px solid #807973}body.js-focus-visible input.focus-visible,body.js-focus-visible textarea.focus-visible,body.js-focus-visible select.focus-visible,html.js-focus-visible input.focus-visible,html.js-focus-visible textarea.focus-visible,html.js-focus-visible select.focus-visible{-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973;box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973}body.js-focus-visible :focus:not(.focus-visible),html.js-focus-visible :focus:not(.focus-visible){outline:0}:focus-visible,body:not(.js-focus-visible) :focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) :focus{outline:unset}:focus-visible,body:not(.js-focus-visible) input:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) input:focus,body:not(.js-focus-visible) textarea:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) textarea:focus,body:not(.js-focus-visible) select:focus,html:not(.js-focus-visible) select:focus{-webkit-box-shadow:unset;box-shadow:unset}:focus-visible{outline:2px solid #807973}input:focus-visible,textarea:focus-visible,select:focus-visible{-webkit-box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973;box-shadow:0 0 0 1px #807973}html:focus,body:focus,[readonly]:focus{outline:none}a{background-color:transparent}a:active,a:hover{outline-width:0}abbr[title]{border-bottom:0;text-decoration:underline;-webkit-text-decoration:underline dotted;text-decoration:underline dotted}b,strong{font-weight:inherit}b,strong{font-weight:bolder}dfn{font-style:italic}sub,sup{font-size:75%;line-height:0;position:relative;vertical-align:baseline}sub{bottom:-0.25em}sup{top:-0.5em}img{border-style:none}optgroup{font-weight:bold}button,input,select{overflow:visible}button,input,select,textarea{margin:0}button,select{text-transform:none}button,[type="button"],[type="reset"],[type="submit"]{cursor:pointer}[disabled]{cursor:default}button::-moz-focus-inner,input::-moz-focus-inner{border:0;padding:0}textarea{overflow:auto}.o-grid-container{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;min-width:240px;position:relative;max-width:1220px;padding-left:10px;padding-right:10px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-grid-container{padding-left:20px;padding-right:20px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-grid-container{max-width:740px}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-grid-container{max-width:980px}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.o-grid-container{max-width:1220px}}.o-grid-container--bleed{padding-left:0;padding-right:0}.o-grid-row{clear:both;-webkit-flex-wrap:wrap;-ms-flex-wrap:wrap;flex-wrap:wrap;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-left:-10px;zoom:1}@media print{.o-grid-row{display:inherit}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-grid-row{margin-left:-20px}}.o-grid-row:before,.o-grid-row:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-grid-row:after{clear:both}.o-grid-row--compact{margin-left:0}.o-grid-row--compact>[data-o-grid-colspan]{padding-left:0}[data-o-grid-colspan]{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;float:left;-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex:1 1 0%;-ms-flex:1 1 0%;flex:1 1 0%;position:relative;padding-left:10px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){[data-o-grid-colspan]{padding-left:20px}}[data-o-grid-colspan~="0"]{display:none}[data-o-grid-colspan~="1"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:8.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:8.33333%;flex-basis:8.33333%;min-width:8.33333%;max-width:8.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="2"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:16.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:16.66667%;flex-basis:16.66667%;min-width:16.66667%;max-width:16.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="3"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:25%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:25%;flex-basis:25%;min-width:25%;max-width:25%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="4"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:33.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:33.33333%;flex-basis:33.33333%;min-width:33.33333%;max-width:33.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="5"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:41.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:41.66667%;flex-basis:41.66667%;min-width:41.66667%;max-width:41.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="6"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:50%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%;min-width:50%;max-width:50%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="7"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:58.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:58.33333%;flex-basis:58.33333%;min-width:58.33333%;max-width:58.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="8"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:66.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:66.66667%;flex-basis:66.66667%;min-width:66.66667%;max-width:66.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="9"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:75%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:75%;flex-basis:75%;min-width:75%;max-width:75%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="10"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:83.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:83.33333%;flex-basis:83.33333%;min-width:83.33333%;max-width:83.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="11"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:91.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:91.66667%;flex-basis:91.66667%;min-width:91.66667%;max-width:91.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="12"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:100%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;min-width:100%;max-width:100%}@media (min-width: 30.625em){[data-o-grid-colspan~="S0"]{display:none}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S1"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:8.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:8.33333%;flex-basis:8.33333%;min-width:8.33333%;max-width:8.33333%;width:8.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S2"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:16.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:16.66667%;flex-basis:16.66667%;min-width:16.66667%;max-width:16.66667%;width:16.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S3"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:25%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:25%;flex-basis:25%;min-width:25%;max-width:25%;width:25%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S4"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:33.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:33.33333%;flex-basis:33.33333%;min-width:33.33333%;max-width:33.33333%;width:33.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S5"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:41.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:41.66667%;flex-basis:41.66667%;min-width:41.66667%;max-width:41.66667%;width:41.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S6"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:50%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%;min-width:50%;max-width:50%;width:50%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S7"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:58.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:58.33333%;flex-basis:58.33333%;min-width:58.33333%;max-width:58.33333%;width:58.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S8"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:66.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:66.66667%;flex-basis:66.66667%;min-width:66.66667%;max-width:66.66667%;width:66.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S9"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:75%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:75%;flex-basis:75%;min-width:75%;max-width:75%;width:75%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S10"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:83.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:83.33333%;flex-basis:83.33333%;min-width:83.33333%;max-width:83.33333%;width:83.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S11"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:91.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:91.66667%;flex-basis:91.66667%;min-width:91.66667%;max-width:91.66667%;width:91.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="S12"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:100%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;min-width:100%;max-width:100%;width:100%}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){[data-o-grid-colspan~="M0"]{display:none}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M1"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:8.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:8.33333%;flex-basis:8.33333%;min-width:8.33333%;max-width:8.33333%;width:8.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M2"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:16.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:16.66667%;flex-basis:16.66667%;min-width:16.66667%;max-width:16.66667%;width:16.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M3"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:25%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:25%;flex-basis:25%;min-width:25%;max-width:25%;width:25%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M4"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:33.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:33.33333%;flex-basis:33.33333%;min-width:33.33333%;max-width:33.33333%;width:33.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M5"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:41.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:41.66667%;flex-basis:41.66667%;min-width:41.66667%;max-width:41.66667%;width:41.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M6"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:50%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%;min-width:50%;max-width:50%;width:50%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M7"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:58.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:58.33333%;flex-basis:58.33333%;min-width:58.33333%;max-width:58.33333%;width:58.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M8"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:66.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:66.66667%;flex-basis:66.66667%;min-width:66.66667%;max-width:66.66667%;width:66.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M9"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:75%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:75%;flex-basis:75%;min-width:75%;max-width:75%;width:75%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M10"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:83.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:83.33333%;flex-basis:83.33333%;min-width:83.33333%;max-width:83.33333%;width:83.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M11"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:91.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:91.66667%;flex-basis:91.66667%;min-width:91.66667%;max-width:91.66667%;width:91.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="M12"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:100%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;min-width:100%;max-width:100%;width:100%}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){[data-o-grid-colspan~="L0"]{display:none}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L1"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:8.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:8.33333%;flex-basis:8.33333%;min-width:8.33333%;max-width:8.33333%;width:8.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L2"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:16.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:16.66667%;flex-basis:16.66667%;min-width:16.66667%;max-width:16.66667%;width:16.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L3"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:25%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:25%;flex-basis:25%;min-width:25%;max-width:25%;width:25%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L4"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:33.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:33.33333%;flex-basis:33.33333%;min-width:33.33333%;max-width:33.33333%;width:33.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L5"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:41.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:41.66667%;flex-basis:41.66667%;min-width:41.66667%;max-width:41.66667%;width:41.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L6"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:50%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%;min-width:50%;max-width:50%;width:50%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L7"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:58.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:58.33333%;flex-basis:58.33333%;min-width:58.33333%;max-width:58.33333%;width:58.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L8"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:66.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:66.66667%;flex-basis:66.66667%;min-width:66.66667%;max-width:66.66667%;width:66.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L9"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:75%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:75%;flex-basis:75%;min-width:75%;max-width:75%;width:75%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L10"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:83.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:83.33333%;flex-basis:83.33333%;min-width:83.33333%;max-width:83.33333%;width:83.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L11"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:91.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:91.66667%;flex-basis:91.66667%;min-width:91.66667%;max-width:91.66667%;width:91.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="L12"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:100%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;min-width:100%;max-width:100%;width:100%}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL0"]{display:none}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL1"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:8.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:8.33333%;flex-basis:8.33333%;min-width:8.33333%;max-width:8.33333%;width:8.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL2"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:16.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:16.66667%;flex-basis:16.66667%;min-width:16.66667%;max-width:16.66667%;width:16.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL3"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:25%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:25%;flex-basis:25%;min-width:25%;max-width:25%;width:25%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL4"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:33.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:33.33333%;flex-basis:33.33333%;min-width:33.33333%;max-width:33.33333%;width:33.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL5"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:41.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:41.66667%;flex-basis:41.66667%;min-width:41.66667%;max-width:41.66667%;width:41.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL6"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:50%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:50%;flex-basis:50%;min-width:50%;max-width:50%;width:50%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL7"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:58.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:58.33333%;flex-basis:58.33333%;min-width:58.33333%;max-width:58.33333%;width:58.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL8"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:66.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:66.66667%;flex-basis:66.66667%;min-width:66.66667%;max-width:66.66667%;width:66.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL9"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:75%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:75%;flex-basis:75%;min-width:75%;max-width:75%;width:75%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL10"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:83.33333%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:83.33333%;flex-basis:83.33333%;min-width:83.33333%;max-width:83.33333%;width:83.33333%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL11"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:91.66667%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:91.66667%;flex-basis:91.66667%;min-width:91.66667%;max-width:91.66667%;width:91.66667%}[data-o-grid-colspan~="XL12"]{display:block;-webkit-flex-basis:100%;-ms-flex-preferred-size:100%;flex-basis:100%;min-width:100%;max-width:100%;width:100%}}[data-o-grid-colspan~="center"]{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;float:none}@font-face{src:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/build/v2/files/o-fonts-assets@1.3.2/MetricWeb-Regular.woff");font-family:"MetricWeb";font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-display:swap}@font-face{src:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/build/v2/files/o-fonts-assets@1.3.2/MetricWeb-Semibold.woff");font-family:"MetricWeb";font-weight:600;font-style:normal;font-display:swap}@font-face{src:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/build/v2/files/o-fonts-assets@1.3.2/MetricWeb-Medium.woff");font-family:"MetricWeb";font-weight:500;font-style:normal;font-display:swap}@font-face{src:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/build/v2/files/o-fonts-assets@1.3.2/FinancierDisplayWeb-Regular.woff");font-family:"FinancierDisplayWeb";font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-display:swap}@font-face{src:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/build/v2/files/o-fonts-assets@1.3.2/FinancierDisplayWeb-Bold.woff");font-family:"FinancierDisplayWeb";font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-display:swap}html{font-family:sans-serif;font-size:0.8125em}a{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}a:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}a:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.n-ui-hide{display:none}@media screen{.n-ui-hide\@screen{display:none}}@media print{.n-ui-hide\@print{display:none}}.no-js .n-ui-hide-no-js,.js .n-ui-hide-js,.core .n-ui-hide-core,.enhanced .n-ui-hide-enhanced{display:none}.o-normalise-clearfix{zoom:1}.o-normalise-clearfix:before,.o-normalise-clearfix:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-normalise-clearfix:after{clear:both}.o-normalise-visually-hidden{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap}.core .o--if-js,.enhanced .o--if-no-js{display:none !important}html{background:#fff1e5;color:#33302e}.enhanced{overflow-x:hidden}body{margin:0}.n-layout{display:table;width:100%;min-height:100vh;table-layout:fixed}.n-layout__row{display:table-row}.n-layout__row--content{height:100%}@media print{.n-layout,.n-layout__row{display:block}}.n-layout__row--footer{display:none}.o-ads,[data-o-ads-name]{-webkit-animation-name:none;animation-name:none}.o-ads iframe,[data-o-ads-name] iframe{background:none transparent}.o-ads--center{width:100%;text-align:center}.o-ads--empty{width:0;height:0;display:none;visibility:hidden}.o-ads--label-left .o-ads__inner::before{content:"▼ Advertisement ▼";display:block;font-size:14px}.o-ads--label-right .o-ads__inner::before{content:"▼ Advertisement ▼";display:block;font-size:14px;text-align:right}.o-ads--transition{will-change:min-height, padding, height;-webkit-transform:translate3d(0, 0, 0);transform:translate3d(0, 0, 0);-webkit-transition:height 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1),min-height 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1),padding 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1);transition:height 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1),min-height 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1),padding 0.35s cubic-bezier(0.215, 0.61, 0.355, 1)}.o-ads--label-with-borders{font-size:14px}.o-ads--label-with-borders:before,.o-ads--label-with-borders:after{text-align:left;display:block;border-color:#ccc1b7;border-style:solid;border-width:0}.o-ads--label-with-borders:before{content:'Advertisement';padding:25px 0 20px;margin-top:12.5px;border-top-width:1px}.o-ads--label-with-borders:after{content:'';padding-top:25px;border-bottom-width:1px}.o-ads--background{background-color:#ccc1b7}.o-ads--slate-background{background-color:#262a33}.o-ads--placeholder{background:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon:more?source=next&tint=999999,999999") 50%/25% no-repeat transparent}.o-ads--reserve-90{-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;box-sizing:content-box;min-height:90px;height:90px;padding:10px 0;overflow:hidden}.o-ads--reserve-90[data-o-ads-loaded="MediumRectangle"],.o-ads--reserve-90[data-o-ads-loaded="Billboard"]{height:250px}.o-ads--reserve-250{-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;box-sizing:content-box;height:250px;min-height:250px;padding:10px 0;overflow:hidden}.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="Leaderboard"] .o-ads__outer,.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="SuperLeaderboard"] .o-ads__outer{position:relative;top:50%;margin-top:-45px}.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="Leaderboard"][data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;"] .o-ads__outer,.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="SuperLeaderboard"][data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;"] .o-ads__outer{top:100%;margin-top:-90px}:root[data-perf-janky="calm-middle"] [data-o-ads-loaded="Leaderboard"].o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;"] .o-ads__outer,:root[data-perf-janky="calm-middle"] [data-o-ads-loaded="SuperLeaderboard"].o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;"] .o-ads__outer{top:50%;margin-top:-45px}.o-ads--reserve-90[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"],.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"]{-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;box-sizing:content-box;height:250px;min-height:250px;padding:10px 0}@media (max-width: 90em){.o-ads--reserve-90[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"],.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"]{height:auto;min-height:-webkit-calc(100vw * 0.1734);min-height:calc(100vw * 0.1734);padding:0}}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-ads--reserve-90[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"],.o-ads--reserve-250[data-o-ads-loaded="Responsive"]{height:auto;min-height:-webkit-calc(100vw * 0.481);min-height:calc(100vw * 0.481)}}div[id^='google_ads_iframe_']{margin:0 auto}.core .o-ads{display:none}@media print{.o-ads{display:none !important}}.advert{position:relative}.o-header{color:#33302e;background-color:#fff1e5}.o-header__row{border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-header__container{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;min-width:240px;position:relative;max-width:1220px;padding-left:10px;padding-right:10px;zoom:1}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__container{padding-left:20px;padding-right:20px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__container{max-width:740px}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__container{max-width:980px}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.o-header__container{max-width:1220px}}.o-header__container:before,.o-header__container:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-header__container:after{clear:both}.o-header__visually-hidden{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap}.o-header__top-wrapper{display:table;width:100%}.o-header__top-column{display:table-cell;vertical-align:middle}.o-header__top-column--left,.o-header__top-column--right{width:12.5%;white-space:nowrap}.o-header__top-column--left{text-align:left}.o-header__top-column--right{text-align:right}.o-header__top-column--center{text-align:center}.o-header__top-takeover{display:none}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__top-takeover{display:block}.o-header__top-takeover ~ *{display:none !important}}.o-header__top-link{color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0;display:inline-block;margin-left:10px;text-transform:uppercase;font-size:10px;text-align:center;height:40px;margin-top:4px;margin-bottom:4px}.o-header__top-link:hover{color:#33302e}.o-header__top-link--highlight,.o-header__top-link[aria-current]{color:#0a5e66}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__top-link{margin-left:20px;margin-top:30px;margin-bottom:30px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__top-link{margin-top:24px;margin-bottom:24px}}.o-header__top-link:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;content:' ';width:40px;height:40px}.o-header__top-link:first-child{margin-left:-10px}.o-header__top-link--menu:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:hamburger?source=n-ui&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__top-link--menu:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:hamburger?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__top-link--menu:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:hamburger?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-header__top-link--search:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:search?source=n-ui&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__top-link--search:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:search?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__top-link--search:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:search?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@media (max-width: 61.24em){.o-header__top-link--menu+.o-header__top-link--search{display:none}}.o-header__top-link--myft:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-myft?source=n-ui&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg");width:35px;margin-top:0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__top-link--myft:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-myft?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__top-link--myft:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-myft?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__top-link--myft:before{width:44px}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__top-link--myft:before{width:52px}}.o-header__top-link-label{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap}.o-header__top-logo{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-ft-masthead?source=n-ui&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg");width:200px;height:16px;display:block;border:0;margin:16px auto;background-size:100% 100%;background-position:50%;background-repeat:no-repeat}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__top-logo{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-ft-masthead?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__top-logo{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-ft-masthead?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.o-header__top-logo{width:250px;height:20px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__top-logo{width:300px;height:24px;margin-top:24px;margin-bottom:24px}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__top-logo{width:500px;height:40px;margin-top:30px;margin-bottom:30px}}.o-header__search{padding:8px 0;text-align:center;background:#ccc1b7}.o-header__search[aria-hidden="false"]{display:block}[data-o-header-search]{display:none}.o-header__search-form{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;max-width:640px;margin:0 auto}.o-header__search-term{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;height:32px;padding:0 8px;vertical-align:middle;background:white;border-style:solid;border-color:transparent;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;min-width:50%;-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex-grow:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__search-term{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__search-term:focus{outline:none;border-color:#0a5e66}.o-header__search-submit{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1;background-size:21px;min-height:28px;min-width:60px;padding:0 8px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:#262a33;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);height:32px;margin-left:14px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__search-submit{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__search-submit[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-header__search-submit[aria-selected=true],.o-header__search-submit[aria-current],.o-header__search-submit[aria-pressed=true],.o-header__search-submit:active{background-color:#727071;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-header__search-submit:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#515257;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.o-header__search-submit:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#515257;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-header__search-close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:40px;height:40px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");border:0;margin-left:14px;vertical-align:middle}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__search-close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__search-close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-header__search-close{display:none}}.o-header__nav{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:20px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__nav{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__nav--mobile{white-space:nowrap}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__nav--mobile{display:none}}.o-header__nav--desktop{display:none}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__nav--desktop{display:block}}.o-header__nav-list{display:table;list-style-type:none;margin:0 auto;padding:0}.o-header__nav-list--left{float:left}.o-header__nav-list--right{float:right}.o-header__nav-item{display:table-cell;vertical-align:middle;padding-left:12px}.o-header__nav-item:first-child{padding-left:0}.o-header__nav--mobile .o-header__nav-item{padding-left:28px}.o-header__nav--mobile .o-header__nav-item:first-child{padding-left:0}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-header__nav-item--expanded{display:none}}.o-header__nav-link{color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0;position:relative;display:block;padding:8px 0;white-space:nowrap}.o-header__nav-link:hover{color:#33302e}.o-header__nav-link--highlight,.o-header__nav-link[aria-current]{color:#0a5e66}.o-header__nav-link:after{content:'';position:absolute;bottom:0;left:0;width:100%;height:4px}.o-header__nav-link:hover:after{background-color:#33302e}.o-header__nav-link--highlight:after,.o-header__nav-link[aria-current]:after{background-color:#0a5e66}.o-header__nav-link--primary{font-weight:600;text-transform:uppercase;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.o-header__nav-button{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1;background-size:21px;min-height:28px;min-width:60px;padding:0 8px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:#262a33;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__nav-button{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__nav-button[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-header__nav-button[aria-selected=true],.o-header__nav-button[aria-current],.o-header__nav-button[aria-pressed=true],.o-header__nav-button:active{background-color:#727071;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-header__nav-button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#515257;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.o-header__nav-button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#515257;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-header__anon{text-align:center}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header__anon{display:none}}.o-header__anon-list{margin:0;padding:0}.o-header__anon-item{display:inline-block}.o-header__anon-item+.o-header__anon-item{position:relative;margin-left:13px;padding-left:14px}.o-header__anon-item+.o-header__anon-item:before{content:'';position:absolute;top:15%;left:0;height:70%;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-header__anon-link{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0;position:relative;display:block;padding:8px 0;white-space:nowrap}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__anon-link{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__anon-link:hover{color:#33302e}.o-header__anon-link--highlight,.o-header__anon-link[aria-current]{color:#0a5e66}.o-header__anon-link:after{content:'';position:absolute;bottom:0;left:0;width:100%;height:4px}.o-header__anon-link:hover:after{background-color:#33302e}.o-header__anon-link--highlight:after,.o-header__anon-link[aria-current]:after{background-color:#0a5e66}@-webkit-keyframes o-header-mega{0%{opacity:0}100%{opacity:1}}@keyframes o-header-mega{0%{opacity:0}100%{opacity:1}}.o-header__mega{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 2px rgba(77,72,69,0.25),0 4px 6px rgba(77,72,69,0.1);box-shadow:0 1px 2px rgba(77,72,69,0.25),0 4px 6px rgba(77,72,69,0.1);display:none;position:absolute;top:100%;left:20px;right:20px;z-index:1;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;padding:18px 0;border-top:1px solid #ccc1b7;background-color:#fff9f5}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-header__mega{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-header__mega[aria-expanded="true"],[data-o-header--no-js] :hover>.o-header__mega{display:block}.o-header__mega--animation{-webkit-animation:o-header-mega 0.5s ease-out;animation:o-header-mega 0.5s ease-out}.o-header__mega-wrapper{display:table;table-layout:fixed;width:100%;border-spacing:24px 0;margin-left:-24px}.o-header__mega-column{display:table-cell;padding-left:24px;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-header__mega-column:first-child{border-left:0;padding-left:0}.o-header__mega-column--articles .o-header__mega-item:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:15px;height:15px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23990F3D,%23990F3D&format=svg");vertical-align:text-top;content:''}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-header__mega-column--articles .o-header__mega-item:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-header__mega-column--articles .o-header__mega-item:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-header__mega-column--articles .o-header__mega-link{white-space:none}.o-header__mega-column--subsections{width:30%}.o-header__mega-column--subsections .o-header__mega-list{-webkit-columns:2;columns:2}.o-header__mega-column--subsections .o-header__mega-item:first-child{font-weight:600}.o-header__mega-heading{margin:0 0 8px;font-size:inherit;text-transform:uppercase}.o-header__mega-list{margin:0;padding:0;list-style:none}.o-header__mega-item{line-height:1.5}.o-header__mega-link{color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0}.o-header__mega-link:hover{color:#33302e}.o-header__mega-link--highlight,.o-header__mega-link[aria-current]{color:#0a5e66}.o-header__mega-link:hover{text-decoration:underline}.o-header--simple .o-header__top-wrapper{height:55px}.o-header--simple .o-header__top-link{margin-top:4px;margin-bottom:4px}.o-header--simple .o-header__top-logo{margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-header--simple .o-header__top-logo{width:300px;height:24px}}.o-header--simple .o-header__top-takeover .o-header__nav-link{padding:0;line-height:55px}.core [data-o-header-search]{display:block}.o-header__mega{z-index:102 !important}.o-header__drawer,.o-header--sticky{display:none}.n-skip-link{z-index:107 !important;position:absolute;top:1em;left:-9999px;padding:0.5em 1em;background:#593380;color:#fff}.n-skip-link:focus{left:0;color:#fff}.o-header__search-close{margin-bottom:-3px}.n-typeahead{display:none}@media (min-width: 76.25em){[data-o-grid-colspan~="XLoffset1"]{margin-left:8.33333%}}.n-myft-ui__button{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1;background-size:21px;min-height:28px;min-width:60px;padding:0 8px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#0d7680;border-color:#0d7680}.o-typography--loading-sans .n-myft-ui__button{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.n-myft-ui__button[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.n-myft-ui__button[aria-selected=true],.n-myft-ui__button[aria-current],.n-myft-ui__button[aria-pressed=true],.n-myft-ui__button:active{background-color:#0d7680;color:#fff;border-color:#0d7680}.n-myft-ui__button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:rgba(13,118,128,0.1);color:#0c707a;border-color:#0d7680;text-decoration:none}.n-myft-ui__button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:rgba(13,118,128,0.1);color:#0c707a;border-color:#0d7680}.n-myft-ui__button:focus{outline:3px solid #0a5e66;outline-offset:3px}.n-myft-ui__button--inverse{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#fff;border-color:#fff}.n-myft-ui__button--inverse[aria-selected=true],.n-myft-ui__button--inverse[aria-current],.n-myft-ui__button--inverse[aria-pressed=true],.n-myft-ui__button--inverse:active{background-color:#fff;color:#000;border-color:#fff}.n-myft-ui__button--inverse:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.15);color:#fff;border-color:#fff;text-decoration:none}.n-myft-ui__button--inverse:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.15);color:#fff;border-color:#fff}.n-myft-ui__button--viewport-large{display:none}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.n-myft-ui__button--viewport-large{display:inline-block}}.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;height:38px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark-outline?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");color:#000;background-position:0 0;border:0;min-height:38px;width:38px;position:relative}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark-outline?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark-outline?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon .save-button-with-icon-copy{position:absolute;top:33px;left:0;right:0;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:12px;line-height:16px}.o-typography--loading-sans .n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon .save-button-with-icon-copy{font-size:10.44px;font-family:sans-serif}.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon:not([disabled]):hover{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:38px;height:38px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23807973,%23807973&format=svg");background-position:0 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon:not([disabled]):hover{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon:not([disabled]):hover{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-selected='true'],.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-pressed='true']{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:38px;height:38px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23990F3D,%23990F3D&format=svg");background-position:0 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-selected='true'],.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-pressed='true']{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-selected='true'],.n-myft-ui__save-button-with-icon[aria-pressed='true']{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:bookmark?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button{background-color:transparent;border:1px solid #990f3d;color:#990f3d;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;line-height:16px;font-weight:600;border-radius:100px;-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;box-sizing:content-box;display:block;font-size:14px;margin:6px 4px 6px 2px;max-width:200px;outline-offset:2px;overflow:hidden;padding:5px 12px;text-align:left;text-overflow:ellipsis;-webkit-transition:border-color, background-color 0.5s ease;transition:border-color, background-color 0.5s ease;white-space:nowrap}.n-myft-follow-button::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23990F3D,%23990F3D&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button[disabled],.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover{background:transparent}.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0;opacity:0.5}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button:hover,.n-myft-follow-button:focus{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05);border-color:#990f3d;color:#990f3d}.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]{background-color:#990f3d;border:1px solid #990f3d;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button[aria-pressed="true"]:focus{background-color:#800d33;border-color:#800d33;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button[disabled]{background:transparent;border:1px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.5);color:rgba(0,0,0,0.5)}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .n-myft-follow-button{font-size:11.62px;font-family:sans-serif}.n-myft-follow-button:focus{outline:2px solid #17d4e6}.n-myft-follow-button--standard{background-color:transparent;border:1px solid #990f3d;color:#990f3d}.n-myft-follow-button--standard::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23990F3D,%23990F3D&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--standard::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--standard::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled],.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover{background:transparent}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0;opacity:0.5}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--standard:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--standard:focus{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05);border-color:#990f3d;color:#990f3d}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]{background-color:#990f3d;border:1px solid #990f3d;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[aria-pressed="true"]:focus{background-color:#800d33;border-color:#800d33;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--standard[disabled]{background:transparent;border:1px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.5);color:rgba(0,0,0,0.5)}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse{background-color:transparent;border:1px solid #fff;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23990F3D,%23990F3D&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled],.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover{background:transparent}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0;opacity:0.5}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse:focus{background-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.2);border-color:#fff;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]{background-color:#fff;border:1px solid #fff;color:#990f3d}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[aria-pressed="true"]:focus{background-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.8);border-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.8);color:#990f3d}.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--inverse[disabled]{background:transparent;border:1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.5);color:rgba(255,255,255,0.5)}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion{background-color:transparent;border:1px solid #0a3866;color:#0a3866}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%230A3866,%230A3866&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled],.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover{background:transparent}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0;opacity:0.5}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion:focus{background-color:rgba(10,56,102,0.2);border-color:#0a3866;color:#0a3866}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]{background-color:#0a3866;border:1px solid #0a3866;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[aria-pressed="true"]:focus{background-color:#082a4d;border-color:#082a4d;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--opinion[disabled]{background:transparent;border:1px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.5);color:rgba(0,0,0,0.5)}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome{background-color:transparent;border:1px solid #fff;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled],.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover{background:transparent}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:25px;margin:0 6px -1px 0;opacity:0.5}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:plus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:10px;height:10px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:"";background-size:21px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled][aria-pressed="true"]::before,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover[aria-pressed="true"]::before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome:focus{background-color:rgba(255,255,255,0.2);border-color:#fff;color:#fff}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]{background-color:#fff;border:1px solid #fff;color:#000}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[aria-pressed="true"]:focus{background-color:#fffcfa;border-color:#fffcfa;color:#000}.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]:hover,.n-myft-follow-button--monochrome[disabled]{background:transparent;border:1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.5);color:rgba(255,255,255,0.5)}.o-expander__content[aria-hidden="true"]{display:none}.o-expander__content--expanded{max-height:none !important}.o-expander__content--collapsed{overflow:hidden}.o-expander__content--collapsed .o-expander__collapsible-item{display:none}.o-expander__toggle{color:#000;font-weight:normal;font-size:12px;margin:0;padding:0;background:none;cursor:pointer;border:0;text-decoration:none}.o-expander__toggle:hover{text-decoration:none}.o-expander__toggle:after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:15px;height:15px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-down?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:'';padding:0 3px;vertical-align:middle}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-expander__toggle:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-down?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-expander__toggle:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-down?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-expander__toggle[aria-expanded="true"]:after{-webkit-transform:rotate(180deg);-ms-transform:rotate(180deg);transform:rotate(180deg)}.o-expander__toggle,.o-expander--inactive .o-expander__toggle{display:none}.o-expander--initialized .o-expander__toggle{display:inline-block}.o-labels{font-size:14px;line-height:1em;font-weight:500;text-align:center;display:inline-block;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin:0;text-decoration:none;padding:3px 7px;color:#000;background-color:#f2dfce;border:solid 1px transparent}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-labels{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-labels--big{font-size:16px;line-height:1;padding:7px 7px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-labels--big{font-size:13.92px}.o-labels--small{font-size:12px;line-height:1;padding:1px 3px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-labels--small{font-size:10.44px}.o-labels--content-commercial{background-color:#008040;color:#fff}.o-labels--content-premium{background-color:#000;color:#fff}.o-labels--lifecycle-beta{background-color:#fff1e5;border-color:#ccc1b7;text-transform:uppercase;color:#33302e;padding:3px 11px}.o-labels{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:12px;line-height:16px;font-weight:600}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-labels{font-size:9.96px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;position:relative;width:100%;text-rendering:optimizeLegibility;margin-bottom:16px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser *,.o-teaser *:before,.o-teaser *:after{-webkit-box-sizing:inherit;box-sizing:inherit}.o-teaser__meta{font-size:16px;line-height:20px;color:#990f3d}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__meta{font-size:13.92px}.o-teaser__tag-prefix{margin-right:0.25em}.o-teaser__tag{font-weight:600;color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0;margin-right:0.25em}.o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#736c67}.o-teaser__tag span{display:inline-block}.o-teaser__tag-suffix{font-size:14px;line-height:16px;color:#66605c}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__tag-suffix{font-size:12.18px}.o-teaser__heading{font-family:FinancierDisplayWeb, serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px;color:#000;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;font-weight:400}.o-typography--loading-display .o-teaser__heading{font-size:18px;font-family:serif}.o-teaser__heading a{padding:2px 0;color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0}.o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser__heading a:hover{color:#736c67}.o-teaser__heading a:visited{color:#66605c}.o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:16px;line-height:20px;color:#66605c;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:13.92px}.o-teaser__standfirst a{padding:2px 0;color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0}.o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser__standfirst a:hover{color:#736c67}.o-teaser__standfirst a:visited{color:#66605c}.o-teaser__heading+.o-teaser__standfirst{margin-top:10px}.o-teaser__image-placeholder{position:relative;height:0;padding-bottom:56.25%;z-index:1}.o-teaser__image-placeholder .o-teaser__image{float:left}.o-teaser__image{display:block;width:100%;margin:0}.o-teaser--has-headshot .o-teaser__content{padding-right:95px;min-height:60px}.o-teaser__headshot{position:absolute;bottom:0;right:0;height:75px;width:75px}.o-teaser__timestamp{font-size:12px;line-height:20px;color:#66605c;display:block;text-transform:uppercase}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__timestamp{font-size:10.44px}.o-teaser__heading+.o-teaser__timestamp:not(:empty){margin-top:5px}@-webkit-keyframes live-blog-pulse{0%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5)}50%{-webkit-transform:scale(1);transform:scale(1)}100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5)}}@keyframes live-blog-pulse{0%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5)}50%{-webkit-transform:scale(1);transform:scale(1)}100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5)}}.o-teaser__timestamp--new,.o-teaser__timestamp--updated,.o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress{color:#c00}.o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before,.o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress:before{content:'';display:inline-block;margin-right:5px;width:10px;height:10px;border-radius:50%;background-color:#cf191d}.o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{position:relative;top:1px}.o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress{position:relative}.o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress:before{position:absolute;top:5px;opacity:0.2;-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);-ms-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5);-webkit-animation:live-blog-pulse 1.7s ease infinite;animation:live-blog-pulse 1.7s ease infinite}.o-teaser__timestamp-prefix{color:inherit}.o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress.o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{margin-right:7px}.o-teaser__timestamp--comingsoon{color:#fd9d00}.o-teaser__timestamp--comingsoon .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{background-color:#fd9d00}.o-teaser__timestamp--closed{color:#66605c}.o-teaser__timestamp--closed .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{background-color:#66605c}.o-teaser--paid-post{color:#000;background-color:#fff}.o-teaser--paid-post.o-teaser--paid-post{padding:12px}.o-teaser--paid-post .o-teaser__meta{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-weight:600;color:#33302e}.o-teaser--paid-post .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1em;font-weight:500;text-align:center;display:inline-block;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin:0;text-decoration:none;padding:3px 7px;color:#000;background-color:#f2dfce;border:solid 1px transparent;background-color:#008040;color:#fff;font-size:12px;line-height:1;padding:1px 3px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--paid-post .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--paid-post .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-size:10.44px}.o-teaser--promoted-content{color:#000;background-color:#fff}.o-teaser--promoted-content.o-teaser--promoted-content.o-teaser--promoted-content{padding:12px}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;padding-right:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);padding-right:calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);background-position-x:-webkit-calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-position-x:calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-origin:border-box;background-size:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch) -webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch);background-size:calc(1em + 0.5ch) calc(1em + 0.5ch);color:#000;border-bottom-color:#ccc1b7;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ccc1b7;text-decoration-color:#ccc1b7}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@supports (background-size: contain){.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (background-size: contain){.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a{background-size:contain}}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a[target="_blank"]:after{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap;content:'(opens a new window)'}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a:hover{color:#736c67;border-bottom-color:#999189;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#999189;text-decoration-color:#999189}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__heading a:focus{color:#736c67}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__meta{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-weight:600;color:#33302e}.o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1em;font-weight:500;text-align:center;display:inline-block;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin:0;text-decoration:none;padding:3px 7px;color:#000;background-color:#f2dfce;border:solid 1px transparent;background-color:#008040;color:#fff;font-size:12px;line-height:1;padding:1px 3px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--promoted-content .o-teaser__promoted-prefix{font-size:10.44px}.o-teaser__related{list-style:disc outside;padding-left:30px;margin:0 0 20px;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser__related{display:none}}.o-teaser__related-item{font-size:14px;line-height:22px;color:#66605c}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser__related-item{font-size:16px;line-height:24px}}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__related-item{font-size:12.18px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser__related-item{font-size:13.92px}}.o-teaser__related-item:hover,.o-teaser__related-item:focus{color:#736c67}.o-teaser__related-item a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration:none;color:inherit}.o-teaser__related-item a:hover{color:inherit}.o-teaser__related-item.o-teaser__related-item--video a:after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:13px;height:13px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:'';position:relative;top:1px;background-color:#000;margin-left:5px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser__related-item.o-teaser__related-item--video a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser__related-item.o-teaser__related-item--video a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser__syndication-indicator{position:relative;top:4px;border-radius:50%}.o-teaser__syndication-indicator span{position:absolute;clip:rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);padding:0;border:0;height:1px;width:1px;overflow:hidden}.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:20px;height:20px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");background-color:#999189}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:20px;height:20px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");background-color:#00994d}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--yes{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:20px;height:20px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");background-color:#c00}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--no{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:minus?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:20px;height:20px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");background-color:#f83}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify,.syndi.o-teaser__syndication-indicator--verify{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser--small{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;padding-bottom:16px;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser--small .o-teaser__content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex:1 0 0%;-ms-flex:1 0 0%;flex:1 0 0%;-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;-webkit-order:2;-ms-flex-order:2;order:2}.o-teaser--small .o-teaser__image-container{width:30%;-webkit-flex-shrink:0;-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0;padding-top:4px;padding-right:20px}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--small .o-teaser__image-container{display:none}}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--stacked{-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--stacked .o-teaser__content{-webkit-flex-basis:auto;-ms-flex-preferred-size:auto;flex-basis:auto}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--stacked{border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0}}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--stacked .o-teaser__image-container{margin-bottom:16px;width:100%;min-height:1px;padding-top:0;padding-right:0}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--image-position-right.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:3;-webkit-order:2;-ms-flex-order:2;order:2;padding-left:20px;padding-right:inherit}.o-teaser--large,.o-teaser--large-portrait,.o-teaser--large-landscape{zoom:1}.o-teaser--large:before,.o-teaser--large:after,.o-teaser--large-portrait:before,.o-teaser--large-portrait:after,.o-teaser--large-landscape:before,.o-teaser--large-landscape:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-teaser--large:after,.o-teaser--large-portrait:after,.o-teaser--large-landscape:after{clear:both}.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__content{padding:20px;border:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__heading,.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__heading,.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large .o-teaser__heading,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__heading,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__heading{font-size:24.36px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__timestamp,.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__timestamp,.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__timestamp{margin-top:4px}.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:18px;line-height:24px;margin-top:24px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:20px;line-height:24px}}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:15.66px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:17.4px}}.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__content{border-bottom:0}.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__image{position:relative;z-index:1}.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__image-container{position:relative;float:none;width:100%;margin-top:-1px;padding-left:25%}.o-teaser--large-portrait .o-teaser__image-container:after{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;content:'';display:block;width:100%;height:50%;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__content{position:relative;float:left;width:60%;border-right:0}.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__content:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:1px;right:-25%;height:100%;width:25%;display:block;border:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-left:0}.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__image{position:relative;max-width:220px;z-index:1}.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__image-container{position:relative;float:right;width:40%;margin-top:0;padding-left:0}.o-teaser--large-landscape .o-teaser__image-container:after{display:none}.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image{position:relative;z-index:1}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image{max-width:220px}}.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{position:relative;float:none;width:100%;margin-top:-1px;padding-left:25%}.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;content:'';display:block;width:100%;height:50%;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{float:right;margin-top:0;padding-left:0}.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{display:none}}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{width:40%}}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{width:30%}}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{border-bottom:0}}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{position:relative;float:left;border-right:0}.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:1px;right:-25%;height:100%;width:25%;display:block;border:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-left:0}}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{width:60%}}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{width:70%}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--large.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{border-bottom:0}}.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__meta{color:#0f5499}.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--opinion-background .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--opinion-background .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#66605c}.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--opinion-background.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--opinion-background.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__image-container:after{color:#000;background:#cce6ff;border:0}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--opinion-background.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__content:after{color:#000;background:#cce6ff;top:0;border:0}}.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fff9f5}.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__meta,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__duration,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__heading{color:#fff}.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--inverse .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#fffbf7}.o-teaser--inverse.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__meta:after{border-bottom-color:#fff}.o-teaser--hero{zoom:1;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-flow:column nowrap;-ms-flex-flow:column nowrap;flex-flow:column nowrap}.o-teaser--hero:before,.o-teaser--hero:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-teaser--hero:after{clear:both}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content{padding:20px;border:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__heading{font-size:24.36px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__timestamp{margin-top:4px}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:18px;line-height:24px;margin-top:24px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:20px;line-height:24px}}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:15.66px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:17.4px}}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content{background:#f2dfce;border:0;word-break:break-word}.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__meta:after{content:'';display:block;width:60px;border-bottom:4px solid #990f3d;margin-top:4px;margin-bottom:12px}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image{position:relative;z-index:1}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image{max-width:220px}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{position:relative;float:none;margin-top:-1px;padding-left:25%}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;content:'';width:100%;height:50%;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{float:right;margin-top:0;padding-left:0}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{display:none}}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{width:40%}}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{width:30%}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:0;-webkit-order:-1;-ms-flex-order:-1;order:-1;width:100%;padding-left:30%}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{background:#f2dfce;display:block;top:50%;border:0}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image{max-width:100%}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__content{text-align:center}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__meta:after{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__image-container{padding:0 15%}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image{position:relative}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__image-container{position:relative;margin-top:0;padding-left:0;z-index:0}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__image-container:after{display:none}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__content{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;z-index:1;width:100%;min-height:30%;background-color:transparent;background-image:-webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(rgba(0,0,0,0.75)), to(transparent));background-image:linear-gradient(to bottom, rgba(0,0,0,0.75), transparent);pointer-events:none}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__heading,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__heading a,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__meta,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__standfirst a,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#fff;pointer-events:auto}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--hero-image .o-teaser__meta:after{border-bottom-color:#fff}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--standalone .o-teaser__heading{font-size:28px;line-height:32px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--standalone .o-teaser__heading{font-size:24.36px}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--standalone .o-teaser__image-container{padding-left:20%}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--standalone .o-teaser__image-container:after{top:25%;height:75%}.o-teaser--centre .o-teaser__content{text-align:center}.o-teaser--centre .o-teaser__meta:after{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto}.o-teaser--centre.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{padding:0 15%}.o-teaser--stretched{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex-grow:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1}.o-teaser--stretched .o-teaser__content{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex-grow:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1;-webkit-flex-basis:auto;-ms-flex-preferred-size:auto;flex-basis:auto}.o-teaser--stretched .o-teaser__heading{-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex-grow:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__tag:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fff9f5}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__meta,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__duration,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__meta,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__duration,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading{color:#fff}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__timestamp,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#fffbf7}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__meta:after,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__meta:after{border-bottom-color:#fff}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container:after,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container:after{border:0}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content:after,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content:after{top:0;border:0}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fffbf8}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__timestamp,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{color:#fffcfa}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{background-color:#cfddeb}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container:after{background:#0f5499}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--opinion.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content:after{background:#0f5499}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fffbf8}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__timestamp,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{color:#fffcfa}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before{background-color:#ebcfd8}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container:after{color:#fff;background:#990f3d}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--highlight.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__content:after{color:#fff;background:#990f3d}}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus{color:#ffec1a}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fffac1}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__meta{color:#ffec1a}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__meta:after{border-color:#ffec1a}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__heading,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__standfirst{color:#fff}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited{color:#fff8f2}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#fffcfa}.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__image-container:after,.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__content{background:#262a33}@media (min-width: 30.625em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--hero.o-teaser--extra-article .o-teaser__content:after{background:#262a33}}@media (min-width: 46.25em) and (max-width: 61.24em){.o-teaser--midslice.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__image-container{padding:0 30%}}.o-teaser--top-story{zoom:1}.o-teaser--top-story:before,.o-teaser--top-story:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-teaser--top-story:after{clear:both}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__content{padding:20px;border:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-size:24.36px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__timestamp{margin-top:4px}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:18px;margin-top:24px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:20px;line-height:24px}}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:15.66px}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:17.4px}}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__content{padding:0 0 32px;border:0}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-family:FinancierDisplayWeb, serif;font-size:32px;line-height:1}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-size:48px;line-height:48px}}.o-typography--loading-display .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-size:28.8px;font-family:serif}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-typography--loading-display .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__heading{font-size:43.2px}}.o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:20px;line-height:24px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser--top-story .o-teaser__standfirst{font-size:17.4px}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape .o-teaser__image-container,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--standalone .o-teaser__image-container{margin-bottom:20px}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story{zoom:1;background:#f2dfce;padding:12px}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape:before,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape:after,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story:before,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story:after{content:'';display:table;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape:after,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story:after{clear:both}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story{padding:20px 0 0 20px}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape .o-teaser__content,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__content{float:left;width:50%;padding-right:20px}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape .o-teaser__image-container,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape .o-teaser__related,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__image-container,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__related{float:right;width:50%}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--landscape .o-teaser__related,.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__related{padding-right:20px}}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story{margin-bottom:0;padding:0;border-bottom:0}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__image-placeholder{padding-bottom:100%}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__content{padding:60px 0 12px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__content{float:left;width:50%;padding:60px 20px 12px 0}.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__image-container{width:50%;float:right}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser--top-story.o-teaser--big-story .o-teaser__image-container{margin-bottom:0}}.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__heading:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:'';width:0.7em;height:0.7em;min-width:12px;min-height:12px;margin-right:0.15em;background-color:#262a33}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__heading:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__heading:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser--video.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__heading:before{content:none}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--video.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--small .o-teaser__heading:before{content:''}}.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__image-placeholder{position:relative}.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");pointer-events:none;content:'';position:absolute;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:1;width:15%;padding-top:15%;min-width:20px;min-height:20px;background-color:#262a33}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:play?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser--video .o-teaser__image-container a:focus{display:block;border:0}.o-teaser--has-video .o-teaser__heading:before{content:none}.o-teaser--has-video .o-teaser__image-container{padding:0 0 12px}.o-teaser--has-video.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__image-container,.o-teaser--has-video.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container{padding-left:10%;padding-right:10%}.o-teaser--has-video.o-teaser--large .o-teaser__image-container{padding-top:12px}.o-teaser--has-video.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__image-container{padding-top:4px}.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__heading:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");content:'';width:0.7em;height:0.7em;min-width:12px;min-height:12px;margin-right:0.15em;background-color:#262a33}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__heading:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__heading:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser--audio.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__heading:before{content:none}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-teaser--audio.o-teaser--has-image.o-teaser--small .o-teaser__heading:before{content:''}}.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__image-placeholder{position:relative}.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");pointer-events:none;content:'';position:absolute;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:1;width:15%;padding-top:15%;min-width:20px;min-height:20px;background-color:#262a33}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser--audio .o-teaser__image-placeholder:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:audio?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__content{padding:12px}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live.o-teaser--has-image{padding:12px}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live.o-teaser--has-image .o-teaser__content{padding:0px}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live{background:#c00}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__tag:hover,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__tag:focus{color:#fff9f5}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__meta,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__duration,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading{color:#fff}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__timestamp{color:#fffbf7}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live.o-teaser--hero .o-teaser__meta:after{border-bottom-color:#fff}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__content *{color:white}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__content *:hover{color:white}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:focus,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:hover,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__heading a:visited,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:focus,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:hover,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__standfirst a:visited{color:#fce8ec}.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__timestamp-prefix:before,.o-teaser--small.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__timestamp--inprogress:before{background-color:white}.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__content{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__timestamp{-webkit-box-ordinal-group:0;-webkit-order:-1;-ms-flex-order:-1;order:-1}.o-teaser--live .o-teaser__timestamp time{display:none}.above-header-advert{display:none;padding:0}@media (min-width: 760px){.above-header-advert{display:block}}.top-stories-advert{margin:15px 0 30px}@media (min-width: 760px){.top-stories-advert{display:none}}.mid-page-advert,.bottom-page-advert{margin-bottom:30px}.fast-ft{background-color:#fff9f5;-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex:1 1 auto;-ms-flex:1 1 auto;flex:1 1 auto;margin:10px 0 0}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.fast-ft{margin-top:20px}}.fast-ft__logo-outer{background-color:#cf191d;margin:0;line-height:17px;padding:10px}.fast-ft__link{display:inline-block;text-decoration:none;border-bottom:0}.fast-ft__logo{background-color:transparent;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&format=svg");background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&format=png&width=60") \9;background-position:50%;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;display:inline-block;height:17px;vertical-align:baseline;width:60px;background-position:0 100%}.fast-ft__logo--inlined{background-image:none}.fast-ft__logo--inlined svg{width:100%;height:100%}.fast-ft__items{margin:0;padding:0;list-style:none}.fast-ft__item[data-show~="false"]{display:none}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.fast-ft__item[data-show~="S--true"]{display:block}.fast-ft__item[data-show~="S--false"]{display:none}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.fast-ft__item[data-show~="M--true"]{display:block}.fast-ft__item[data-show~="M--false"]{display:none}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.fast-ft__item[data-show~="L--true"]{display:block}.fast-ft__item[data-show~="L--false"]{display:none}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.fast-ft__item[data-show~="XL--true"]{display:block}.fast-ft__item[data-show~="XL--false"]{display:none}}.fast-ft--horizontal{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-flow:row nowrap;-ms-flex-flow:row nowrap;flex-flow:row nowrap;position:relative;margin:0 0 1px}.fast-ft--horizontal::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;left:50%;z-index:-1;width:100vw;height:100%;background:#fff9f5;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7;-webkit-transform:translateX(-50%);-ms-transform:translateX(-50%);transform:translateX(-50%)}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__logo-outer{background:transparent;padding-left:0}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__logo{height:18px;width:69px}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__stories{width:100%;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-flow:row nowrap;-ms-flex-flow:row nowrap;flex-flow:row nowrap;margin:0;padding:0;list-style:none}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__story{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;border-left:1px solid #ccc1b7;padding:5px 10px 10px;width:33.33%}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__story:last-child{display:none}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__story{width:25%}.fast-ft--horizontal .fast-ft__story:last-child{display:block}}.fast-ft--horizontal .story__link{text-decoration:none;border-bottom:0}.fast-ft--horizontal .story__link:hover .story__title{color:#66605c}.fast-ft--horizontal .story__title{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;font-weight:600;display:inline;color:#33302e;margin-right:5px;font-weight:bold}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .fast-ft--horizontal .story__title{font-size:11.62px;font-family:sans-serif}.fast-ft--horizontal .story__time{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:12px;line-height:16px;color:#66605c;text-transform:uppercase;white-space:nowrap}.o-typography--loading-sans .fast-ft--horizontal .story__time{font-size:10.44px;font-family:sans-serif}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.fast-ft__logo{background-color:transparent;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg");background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=png&width=60") \9;background-position:50%;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;display:inline-block;height:17px;vertical-align:baseline;width:60px}.fast-ft__logo--inlined path{fill:#fff}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.fast-ft__logo{background-color:transparent;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo:brand-fastft?source=next&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=png&width=60") \9;background-position:50%;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;display:inline-block;height:17px;vertical-align:baseline;width:60px}.fast-ft__logo--inlined path{fill:#000}}html:after{content:'{ "layout": "default", "gutter": "10px" }';display:none}@media (min-width: 30.625em){html:after{content:'{ "layout": "S", "gutter": "10px" }'}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){html:after{content:'{ "layout": "M", "gutter": "20px" }'}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){html:after{content:'{ "layout": "L", "gutter": "20px" }'}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){html:after{content:'{ "layout": "XL", "gutter": "20px" }'}}.o-tooltip{-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);position:absolute;z-index:10;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;opacity:0;-webkit-transition:opacity .5s cubic-bezier(0.165, 0.84, 0.44, 1),-webkit-transform .5s cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0.5, 1.275);transition:opacity .5s cubic-bezier(0.165, 0.84, 0.44, 1),-webkit-transform .5s cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0.5, 1.275);transition:opacity .5s cubic-bezier(0.165, 0.84, 0.44, 1),transform .5s cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0.5, 1.275);transition:opacity .5s cubic-bezier(0.165, 0.84, 0.44, 1),transform .5s cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0.5, 1.275),-webkit-transform .5s cubic-bezier(1, 0, 0.5, 1.275);border:0;background:#fff;display:none}.o-tooltip.visible{-webkit-transform:translate(0, 0);-ms-transform:translate(0, 0);transform:translate(0, 0);opacity:1}.o-tooltip[data-o-tooltip-position="left"]:not(.visible){-webkit-transform:translate(-50px, 0);-ms-transform:translate(-50px, 0);transform:translate(-50px, 0)}.o-tooltip[data-o-tooltip-position="right"]:not(.visible){-webkit-transform:translate(50px, 0);-ms-transform:translate(50px, 0);transform:translate(50px, 0)}.o-tooltip[data-o-tooltip-position="top"]:not(.visible){-webkit-transform:translate(0, -50px);-ms-transform:translate(0, -50px);transform:translate(0, -50px)}.o-tooltip[data-o-tooltip-position="bottom"]:not(.visible){-webkit-transform:translate(0, 50px);-ms-transform:translate(0, 50px);transform:translate(0, 50px)}.o-tooltip-content{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;position:relative;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;overflow:auto;padding:15px 35px 15px 20px;float:left;line-height:1;-webkit-hyphens:auto;-ms-hyphens:auto;hyphens:auto}.o-tooltip-content>*:first-child{margin-top:0}.o-tooltip-content>*:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{content:"";position:absolute;border:solid transparent}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before{border-width:12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{border-width:10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-left.o-tooltip-arrow--align-top:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-left.o-tooltip-arrow--align-top:after{top:0;margin-top:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-left.o-tooltip-arrow--align-bottom:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-left.o-tooltip-arrow--align-bottom:after{top:auto;bottom:0;margin-top:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{top:50%}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before{margin-top:-12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{margin-top:-10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{right:100%;border-left-width:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:before{border-right-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05)}.o-tooltip--arrow-left:after{border-right-color:#fff}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{content:"";position:absolute;border:solid transparent}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before{border-width:12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{border-width:10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-right.o-tooltip-arrow--align-top:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-right.o-tooltip-arrow--align-top:after{top:0;margin-top:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-right.o-tooltip-arrow--align-bottom:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-right.o-tooltip-arrow--align-bottom:after{top:auto;bottom:0;margin-top:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{top:50%}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before{margin-top:-12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{margin-top:-10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{left:100%;border-right-width:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:before{border-left-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05)}.o-tooltip--arrow-right:after{border-left-color:#fff}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{content:"";position:absolute;border:solid transparent}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before{border-width:12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{border-width:10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-above.o-tooltip-arrow--align-left:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-above.o-tooltip-arrow--align-left:after{left:10%}.o-tooltip--arrow-above.o-tooltip-arrow--align-right:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-above.o-tooltip-arrow--align-right:after{left:90%}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{left:50%}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before{margin-left:-12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{margin-left:-10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{bottom:100%;border-top-width:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:before{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05)}.o-tooltip--arrow-above:after{border-bottom-color:#fff}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{content:"";position:absolute;border:solid transparent}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before{border-width:12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{border-width:10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-below.o-tooltip-arrow--align-left:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-below.o-tooltip-arrow--align-left:after{left:10%}.o-tooltip--arrow-below.o-tooltip-arrow--align-right:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-below.o-tooltip-arrow--align-right:after{left:90%}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{left:50%}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before{margin-left:-12px}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{margin-left:-10px}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before,.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{top:100%;border-bottom-width:0}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:before{border-top-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.05)}.o-tooltip--arrow-below:after{border-top-color:#fff}.o-tooltip-close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:20px;height:20px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%2366605C,%2366605C&format=svg");-webkit-appearance:none;-moz-appearance:none;appearance:none;font:inherit;outline:inherit;-webkit-box-sizing:content-box;box-sizing:content-box;float:right;position:relative;margin:12px;padding:0.25em;cursor:pointer;font-size:8px;line-height:1;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;position:absolute;top:0;right:0;padding:0;margin:5px 5px 15px 15px;border:0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-tooltip-close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-tooltip-close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-tooltip-close:after{position:absolute;content:'';top:-12px;right:-12px;left:-12px;bottom:-12px}[data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"] .n-messaging-client-alert-banner.o-message--neutral .o-message__container{background-color:#f2dfce;padding-left:0;padding-right:0;margin-left:0}[data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"] .n-messaging-client-alert-banner.o-message--neutral .o-message__container:before{display:none}@media (min-width: 46.25em){[data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"] .n-messaging-client-alert-banner.o-message--neutral .o-message__container{padding-right:24px}}[data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"] .n-messaging-client-alert-banner.o-message--neutral .o-message__content{padding-left:10px}[data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"] .n-messaging-client-alert-banner.o-message--neutral .o-message__close{right:12px;border-bottom:0}.n-messaging-client-tooltip{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;display:none !important;z-index:103 !important}.o-typography--loading-sans .n-messaging-client-tooltip{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.n-messaging-client-tooltip{display:block !important}}.n-messaging-client-tooltip .o-message__content-main{-webkit-hyphens:none;-ms-hyphens:none;hyphens:none}.js [data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"]{display:block !important}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.js [data-n-messaging-tooltip="true"]{display:none !important}}.o-message{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-message{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-message .o-message__container{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;min-width:240px;position:relative;padding-left:0;padding-right:0;max-width:1220px;padding-left:10px;padding-right:10px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-message .o-message__container{max-width:740px}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-message .o-message__container{max-width:980px}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.o-message .o-message__container{max-width:1220px}}.o-message .o-message__container:before{top:5px}.o-message .o-message__content{position:relative;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0}.o-message .o-message__content .o-message__content-main{display:inline-block;margin-top:16px;margin-bottom:16px;margin-right:24px}.o-message .o-message__content .o-message__content-highlight{font-weight:600}.o-message .o-message__content-main a,.o-message .o-message__content-additional a{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;border-width:1px}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-message .o-message__content-main a,.o-message .o-message__content-additional a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-message .o-message__content-main a:hover,.o-message .o-message__content-additional a:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.o-message .o-message__content-main a:focus,.o-message .o-message__content-additional a:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.o-message .o-message__actions{display:inline-block;padding:0 26px 10px 0}.o-message .o-message__actions__primary{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1;background-size:21px;min-height:28px;min-width:60px;padding:0 8px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-message .o-message__actions__primary{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-message .o-message__actions__primary[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-message .o-message__actions__secondary{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;white-space:nowrap}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-message .o-message__actions__secondary{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-message .o-message__actions__secondary:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.o-message .o-message__actions__secondary:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.o-message--closed{display:none}.o-message.o-message--success{color:#00572c;background-color:#ccdfc7}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-main a,.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-additional a{color:#00572c;border-bottom-color:#a3c4a8;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#a3c4a8;text-decoration-color:#a3c4a8}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-main a:hover,.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-additional a:hover{color:#00572c;border-bottom-color:#7aa989;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#7aa989;text-decoration-color:#7aa989}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-main a:focus,.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__content-additional a:focus{color:#00572c}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#00572c;border-color:#00572c;margin-right:24px}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary[aria-selected=true],.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary[aria-current],.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary[aria-pressed=true],.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary:active{background-color:#00572c;color:#fff;border-color:#00572c}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:rgba(0,87,44,0.15);color:#00572c;border-color:#00572c;text-decoration:none}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:rgba(0,87,44,0.15);color:#00572c;border-color:#00572c}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__secondary{color:#00572c;border-bottom-color:#a3c4a8;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#a3c4a8;text-decoration-color:#a3c4a8}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__secondary:hover{color:#00572c;border-bottom-color:#7aa989;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#7aa989;text-decoration-color:#7aa989}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__actions__secondary:focus{color:#00572c}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__container:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:40px;height:40px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%2300572C,%2300572C&format=svg");content:'';min-width:40px;position:absolute}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:tick?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%2300572C,%2300572C&format=svg");content:'';position:absolute;top:13px;right:8px;vertical-align:middle;border:0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--success .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--neutral{color:#000;background-color:#fff9f5}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-main a,.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-additional a{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#ccc7c4;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ccc7c4;text-decoration-color:#ccc7c4}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-main a:hover,.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-additional a:hover{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#999593;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#999593;text-decoration-color:#999593}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-main a:focus,.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__content-additional a:focus{color:#000}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#000;border-color:#000;margin-right:24px}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary[aria-selected=true],.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary[aria-current],.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary[aria-pressed=true],.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary:active{background-color:#000;color:#fff;border-color:#000}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.15);color:#000;border-color:#000;text-decoration:none}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.15);color:#000;border-color:#000}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__secondary{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#ccc7c4;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ccc7c4;text-decoration-color:#ccc7c4}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__secondary:hover{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#999593;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#999593;text-decoration-color:#999593}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__actions__secondary:focus{color:#000}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__container:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:40px;height:40px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:info?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:'';min-width:40px;position:absolute}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:info?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:info?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:'';position:absolute;top:13px;right:8px;vertical-align:middle;border:0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--neutral .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--error{color:#b30000;background-color:#fad9ce}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-main a,.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-additional a{color:#b30000;border-bottom-color:#ecaea5;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ecaea5;text-decoration-color:#ecaea5}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-main a:hover,.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-additional a:hover{color:#b30000;border-bottom-color:#de827c;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#de827c;text-decoration-color:#de827c}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-main a:focus,.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__content-additional a:focus{color:#b30000}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#b30000;border-color:#b30000;margin-right:24px}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary[aria-selected=true],.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary[aria-current],.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary[aria-pressed=true],.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary:active{background-color:#b30000;color:#fff;border-color:#b30000}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:rgba(179,0,0,0.1);color:#b30000;border-color:#b30000;text-decoration:none}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__primary:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:rgba(179,0,0,0.1);color:#b30000;border-color:#b30000}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__secondary{color:#b30000;border-bottom-color:#ecaea5;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ecaea5;text-decoration-color:#ecaea5}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__secondary:hover{color:#b30000;border-bottom-color:#de827c;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#de827c;text-decoration-color:#de827c}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__actions__secondary:focus{color:#b30000}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__container:before{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:40px;height:40px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:warning-alt?source=n-ui&tint=%23B30000,%23B30000&format=svg");content:'';min-width:40px;position:absolute}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:warning-alt?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__container:before{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:warning-alt?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23B30000,%23B30000&format=svg");content:'';position:absolute;top:13px;right:8px;vertical-align:middle;border:0}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-message.o-message--error .o-message__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-message.o-message--alert .o-message__content{padding-left:40px}.n-messaging-client-messaging-banner{z-index:107 !important}[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentA"],[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentB"],[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentC"]{position:fixed;bottom:0;z-index:110}@media (min-width: 46.25em){[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentA"],[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentB"],[data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentC"]{max-width:520px;bottom:20px}}.cookie-banner .o-banner{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;position:static}.o-typography--loading-sans .cookie-banner .o-banner{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.enhanced .cookie-banner .o-banner.o-banner--fixed{position:fixed;-webkit-transform:translateY(0);-ms-transform:translateY(0);transform:translateY(0)}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.cookie-banner .o-banner{max-width:480px;margin:20px}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.cookie-banner .o-banner{margin-left:-webkit-calc(((100vw - 1220px) / 2) + 10px);margin-left:calc(((100vw - 1220px) / 2) + 10px)}}.cookie-banner .o-banner__outer{padding:12px 24px 24px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.cookie-banner .o-banner__outer{padding:24px 48px 48px}}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__head{font-size:20px;line-height:24px;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:4px}.o-typography--loading-sans .cookie-banner .cookie-banner__head{font-size:17.4px}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__actions{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;margin-top:24px}.cookie-banner .o-banner__button{background-color:#0d7680;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.cookie-banner .o-banner__button[aria-selected=true],.cookie-banner .o-banner__button[aria-current],.cookie-banner .o-banner__button[aria-pressed=true],.cookie-banner .o-banner__button:active{background-color:#052f33;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.cookie-banner .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#095259;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.cookie-banner .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#095259;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}@media (min-width: 23.4375em){.cookie-banner .o-banner__button{font-size:18px;line-height:20px}.o-typography--loading-sans .cookie-banner .o-banner__button{font-size:15.66px}}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%230D7680,%230D7680&format=svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;padding-right:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);padding-right:calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);background-position-x:-webkit-calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-position-x:calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-origin:border-box;background-size:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch) -webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch);background-size:calc(1em + 0.5ch) calc(1em + 0.5ch);text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@supports (background-size: contain){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (background-size: contain){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{background-size:contain}}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external[target="_blank"]:after{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap;content:'(opens a new window)'}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link,.cookie-banner .cookie-banner__link--external{border-bottom-color:#14bccc}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__outer{padding-top:24px}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__head{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;padding-bottom:12px;margin-bottom:16px;position:relative}.o-typography--loading-sans .cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__head{font-size:20.88px;font-family:sans-serif}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__head:after{content:'';display:block;position:absolute;height:4px;width:60px;bottom:0;left:0;background-color:#008845}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%230D7680,%230D7680&format=svg");background-repeat:no-repeat;padding-right:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);padding-right:calc(1em + 0.5ch - .25em - .25em);background-position-x:-webkit-calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-position-x:calc(100% + 0.5ch);background-origin:border-box;background-size:-webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch) -webkit-calc(1em + 0.5ch);background-size:calc(1em + 0.5ch) calc(1em + 0.5ch);text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@supports (background-size: contain){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-position-y:-webkit-calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px);background-position-y:calc(100% + .25em - .25ex - 1px)}}@supports (background-size: contain){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{background-size:contain}}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external[target="_blank"]:after{position:absolute;clip:rect(0 0 0 0);-webkit-clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);clip-path:polygon(0 0, 0 0);margin:-1px;border:0;overflow:hidden;padding:0;width:1px;height:1px;white-space:nowrap;content:'(opens a new window)'}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link,.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external{color:#33302e;border-bottom-color:#807973}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external::after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:24px;height:24px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%2333302E,%2333302E&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external::after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__link--external::after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:outside-page?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .cookie-banner__actions{margin-top:8px;display:block}}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button{background-color:#008845;margin-top:16px;width:100%}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;min-height:auto;padding-top:6px;padding-bottom:6px}.o-typography--loading-sans .cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button{font-size:12.18px;font-family:sans-serif}}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button{margin-top:0}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button{width:auto}}.cookie-banner.variant-cookieConsentC .o-banner__button:hover{background-color:#006b36}.o-teaser-collection{margin-bottom:35px}.o-teaser-collection__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;font-weight:400;position:relative;width:100%;margin:0;padding-top:12px;padding-bottom:20px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-teaser-collection__heading{font-size:20.88px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-teaser-collection__heading:before,.o-teaser-collection__heading:after{border-top:8px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.05);content:'';left:0;top:0;position:absolute;width:100%}.o-teaser-collection__heading:after{border-top-color:#000}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection__heading:after{width:32.5%}}.o-teaser-collection__heading--full-width:after{width:100%}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection__heading--half-width:after{width:49%}}.o-teaser-collection__heading--small{margin-bottom:20px;border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser-collection__heading--small:after{width:100%}.o-teaser-collection__heading a{color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border:0;padding:1px 0px 3px}.o-teaser-collection__heading a:hover{color:#736c67}.o-teaser-collection__heading a:after{background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:30px;height:30px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");content:'';display:inline-block;position:relative;top:8px;right:-13px;margin-left:-13px;margin-top:-10px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser-collection__heading a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser-collection__heading a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser-collection__items{list-style:none;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-flow:column wrap;-ms-flex-flow:column wrap;flex-flow:column wrap;-webkit-box-pack:start;-webkit-justify-content:flex-start;-ms-flex-pack:start;justify-content:flex-start;width:100%;margin:0;padding:0}.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse{color:#fff}.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:before,.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:after{border:0}.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse a:after{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:30px;height:30px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse a:after{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:arrow-right?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-teaser-collection__item--stretched{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.o-teaser-collection--stream{margin:20px 0 50px}.o-teaser-collection--stream .o-teaser-collection__list{list-style:none;margin:20px 0 0;padding:0}.o-teaser-collection--stream .o-teaser-collection__item{position:relative}.o-teaser-collection--stream .o-teaser__content{padding-right:50px}.o-teaser-collection--top-standalone{border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}.o-teaser-collection--top-standalone .o-teaser{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column}.o-teaser-collection--top-standalone .o-teaser__content{-webkit-box-flex:1;-webkit-flex-grow:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1}.o-teaser-collection--top-standalone .o-teaser__related{margin:0}.o-teaser-collection--mid-slice{border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7;border-top:1px solid #ccc1b7;padding:20px 0 0}.o-teaser-collection--numbered .o-teaser-collection__items{counter-reset:o-teaser-collection-items}.o-teaser-collection--numbered .o-teaser-collection__item{counter-increment:o-teaser-collection-items;padding-left:28px;position:relative}.o-teaser-collection--numbered .o-teaser-collection__item:before{font-family:FinancierDisplayWeb, serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px;content:counter(o-teaser-collection-items);position:absolute;top:0;left:0}.o-typography--loading-display .o-teaser-collection--numbered .o-teaser-collection__item:before{font-size:25.2px;font-family:serif}.o-teaser-collection--special{position:relative;border-top:0;margin-bottom:50px}.o-teaser-collection--special:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;z-index:-1;background-color:#f2dfce;right:-50%;left:-50%;height:100%}@supports (width: 100vw){.o-teaser-collection--special:after{margin-left:-50vw;width:100vw;right:auto;left:50%}}.o-teaser-collection--horizontal .o-teaser-collection__items{-webkit-box-orient:horizontal;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:row;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row}.o-teaser-collection--horizontal.o-teaser-collection--numbered .o-teaser-collection__item{padding-left:inherit;padding-top:28px;padding-right:16px}.o-teaser-collection--big-story{position:relative;border-top:0;margin-bottom:50px}.o-teaser-collection--big-story:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;z-index:-1;background-color:#f2dfce;right:-50%;left:-50%;height:100%}@supports (width: 100vw){.o-teaser-collection--big-story:after{margin-left:-50vw;width:100vw;right:auto;left:50%}}.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading,.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse{z-index:1;position:absolute;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading,.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse{width:32.5%}}.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading:before,.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:before{display:none}.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading:after,.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:after{width:100%}.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__related{margin:10px 0 0}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__related .o-teaser{border-bottom-width:0}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection--big-story .o-teaser-collection__related .o-teaser{border-bottom-width:1px}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination{position:relative;border-top:0;margin-bottom:50px}.o-teaser-collection--assassination:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;z-index:-1;background-color:#262a33;right:-50%;left:-50%;height:100%}@supports (width: 100vw){.o-teaser-collection--assassination:after{margin-left:-50vw;width:100vw;right:auto;left:50%}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading,.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse{z-index:1;position:absolute;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading,.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse{width:32.5%}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading:before,.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:before{display:none}.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading:after,.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__heading--inverse:after{width:100%}.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__related{margin:10px 0 0}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__related .o-teaser{border-bottom-width:0}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-teaser-collection--assassination .o-teaser-collection__related .o-teaser{border-bottom-width:1px}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related{position:relative;border-top:0;margin-bottom:50px;z-index:1;margin-bottom:0;padding-left:10px}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related:after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;z-index:-1;background-color:#31353d;right:-50%;left:-50%;height:100%}@supports (width: 100vw){.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related:after{margin-left:-50vw;width:100vw;right:auto;left:50%}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related:after{margin-left:-webkit-calc(-50vw + 5px);margin-left:calc(-50vw + 5px)}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related:after{margin-left:-webkit-calc(-50vw + 10px);margin-left:calc(-50vw + 10px)}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related .o-teaser-collection__item{margin:0;border-bottom:1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.2);padding:15px 0}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related .o-teaser-collection__item{margin:20px 0;border-right:1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.2);border-bottom:0;padding:0 10px}}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related .o-teaser-collection__item:last-child{border:0}.o-teaser-collection--assassination-related .o-teaser-collection__item .o-teaser{margin-bottom:0}.o-teaser-collection{margin-bottom:15px}.top-stories__hero-slice-1{margin-bottom:20px}.top-stories__hero-slice-2{border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7;margin-bottom:15px}.top-stories__freeform-row{margin-bottom:5px}.teaser-with-graphic{position:relative;height:0}.o-teaser__heading+.teaser-with-graphic{margin-top:20px}.teaser-with-graphic__iframe{border:0;position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%}.o-banner{position:fixed;bottom:0;left:0;display:block;width:100%}.o-banner--closed{display:none}.o-banner__outer{-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);background:#fff;color:#000}.o-banner__inner{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;position:relative;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;max-width:1220px;margin:0 auto;padding:40px 0;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__inner{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-banner__inner{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;display:block;padding:40px;padding-top:28px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__inner{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}}.o-banner__content{padding:0 40px}.o-banner__content h1,.o-banner__content h2,.o-banner__content h3,.o-banner__content h4,.o-banner__content h5,.o-banner__content h6{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;font-weight:600;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:4px}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h1,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h2,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h3,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h4,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h5,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner__content h6{font-size:19.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner__content p{margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0}.o-banner__content b,.o-banner__content strong{font-weight:600}.o-banner__content>ul{margin:0 0 24px;padding:0;list-style:none;margin-top:12px;margin-bottom:0}.o-banner__content>ul>li{position:relative;margin:0;padding-left:-webkit-calc(2ch + 4px);padding-left:calc(2ch + 4px)}.o-banner__content>ul>li:before{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;display:inline-block;position:absolute;left:0;-webkit-transform-origin:center left;-ms-transform-origin:center left;transform-origin:center left;content:'\2022';color:inherit;-webkit-transform:scale(1.55556);-ms-transform:scale(1.55556);transform:scale(1.55556);margin-top:-.24889ch}.o-banner__content>ul li{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:28px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__content>ul li{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner__content>ul li:before{color:inherit}.o-banner__content a{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner__content a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner__content a:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.o-banner__content a:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-banner__content{padding:0}}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner__content--long{display:none}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-banner__content--short{display:none}}.o-banner__heading h1,.o-banner__heading h2,.o-banner__heading h3,.o-banner__heading h4,.o-banner__heading h5,.o-banner__heading h6{margin-bottom:0}.o-banner__heading:after{content:'';display:block;width:100px;margin-top:8px;margin-bottom:16px;border-bottom:8px solid;border-color:#0d7680}.o-banner__actions{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__actions{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-banner__actions{-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-align:start;-webkit-align-items:flex-start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;margin-top:24px}}.o-banner__action{padding-right:40px}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-banner__action{padding-right:0}}@media (max-width: 30.615em){.o-banner__action--secondary{margin-top:10px}}.o-banner__button{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:1;background-size:40px;min-height:40px;min-width:80px;padding:0 20px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:#0d7680;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);white-space:nowrap}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__button{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner__button[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-banner__button[aria-selected=true],.o-banner__button[aria-current],.o-banner__button[aria-pressed=true],.o-banner__button:active{background-color:#052f33;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner__button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#095259;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.o-banner__button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#095259;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner__link{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#0d7680;border-bottom-color:#cfd8d1;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;text-decoration-color:#cfd8d1;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;white-space:nowrap}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner__link{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner__link:hover{color:#08474d;border-bottom-color:#9ec0bd;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd;text-decoration-color:#9ec0bd}.o-banner__link:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#08474d}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner__link{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg");-webkit-appearance:none;-moz-appearance:none;appearance:none;color:inherit;border:0;padding:0;font:inherit;cursor:pointer;outline:inherit;display:block;position:absolute;right:7px;top:7px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-banner--small{width:100%;margin:0}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.o-banner--small{width:66.66667%;margin:20px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-banner--small{width:58.33333%}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-banner--small{width:50%}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.o-banner--small{width:610px;left:-webkit-calc((100vw - 1220px) / 2);left:calc((100vw - 1220px) / 2)}}.o-banner--small .o-banner__outer{background-color:transparent;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none}.o-banner--small .o-banner__inner{-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px;background:#fff;display:block;padding:40px;padding-top:28px;max-width:none}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__inner{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--small .o-banner__content{padding:0}.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h1,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h2,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h3,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h4,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h5,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h6,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content ul li{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h6,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content ul li{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--small .o-banner__content,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h1,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h2,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h3,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h4,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h5,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content h6,.o-banner--small .o-banner__content ul li{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content h6,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__content ul li{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}}.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px;padding-right:40px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading{font-size:24.36px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h1,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h2,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h3,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h4,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h5,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h6{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:28px;line-height:32px;font-weight:600}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h1,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h2,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h3,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h4,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h5,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h6{font-size:23.24px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h1,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h2,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h3,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h4,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h5,.o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h6{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--small .o-banner__heading h6{font-size:20.88px;font-family:sans-serif}}.o-banner--small .o-banner__actions{margin-top:24px}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--small .o-banner__actions{-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-align:start;-webkit-align-items:flex-start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;margin-top:24px}}.o-banner--small .o-banner__action{padding-right:20px}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--small .o-banner__action--secondary{margin-top:10px}}.o-banner--compact{width:100%;margin:0}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.o-banner--compact{width:58.33333%;margin:20px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-banner--compact{width:50%}}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.o-banner--compact{width:41.66667%}}@media (min-width: 76.25em){.o-banner--compact{width:488px;left:-webkit-calc((100vw - 1220px) / 2);left:calc((100vw - 1220px) / 2)}}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__outer{background-color:transparent;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__inner{-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);box-shadow:0 1px 4px rgba(77,72,69,0.15),0 8px 14px rgba(77,72,69,0.2);font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px;background:#fff;display:block;padding:40px;padding-top:28px;max-width:none}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__inner{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content{padding:0}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h1,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h2,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h3,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h4,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h5,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h6,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content ul li{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h6,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content ul li{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h1,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h2,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h3,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h4,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h5,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h6,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__content ul li{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:20px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content h6,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__content ul li{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;padding-right:40px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading{font-size:20.88px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h1,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h2,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h3,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h4,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h5,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h6{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:24px;line-height:28px;font-weight:600}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h1,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h2,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h3,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h4,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h5,.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h6{font-size:19.92px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h1,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h2,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h3,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h4,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h5,.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h6{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:20px;line-height:24px}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h1,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h2,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h3,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h4,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h5,.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading h6{font-size:17.4px;font-family:sans-serif}}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__heading:after{margin-top:8px;margin-bottom:12px;width:60px;border-bottom-width:4px}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__actions{margin-top:24px}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--compact .o-banner__actions{-webkit-box-orient:vertical;-webkit-box-direction:normal;-webkit-flex-direction:column;-ms-flex-direction:column;flex-direction:column;-webkit-box-align:start;-webkit-align-items:flex-start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start;margin-top:24px}}.o-banner--compact .o-banner__action{padding-right:20px}@media (max-width: 46.24em){.o-banner--compact .o-banner__action--secondary{margin-top:10px}}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__outer{background:#fff;color:#000}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__content a{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#000;border-bottom-color:#ccc;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ccc;text-decoration-color:#ccc}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__content a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__content a:hover{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#999;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#999;text-decoration-color:#999}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__content a:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#000}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__heading:after{border-color:#14bccc}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:1;background-size:40px;min-height:40px;min-width:80px;padding:0 20px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:#000;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button[aria-selected=true],.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button[aria-current],.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button[aria-pressed=true],.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button:active{background-color:#595959;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#333;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#333;color:#fff;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__link{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#000;border-bottom-color:#ccc;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#ccc;text-decoration-color:#ccc}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__link{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__link:hover{color:#000;border-bottom-color:#999;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#999;text-decoration-color:#999}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__link:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#000}.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-banner--marketing .o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-banner--marketing.o-banner--small .o-banner__outer,.o-banner--marketing.o-banner--compact .o-banner__outer{color:#000;background-color:transparent}.o-banner--marketing.o-banner--small .o-banner__inner,.o-banner--marketing.o-banner--compact .o-banner__inner{background:#fff}.o-banner--product .o-banner__outer{background:#0d7680;color:#fff}.o-banner--product .o-banner__content a{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#fff;border-bottom-color:#3d9199;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#3d9199;text-decoration-color:#3d9199}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner--product .o-banner__content a{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner--product .o-banner__content a:hover{color:#fff;border-bottom-color:#6eadb3;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#6eadb3;text-decoration-color:#6eadb3}.o-banner--product .o-banner__content a:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#fff}.o-banner--product .o-banner__heading:after{border-color:#fff}.o-banner--product .o-banner__button{font-weight:600;font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:16px;line-height:1;background-size:40px;min-height:40px;min-width:80px;padding:0 20px;display:inline-block;display:-webkit-inline-box;display:-webkit-inline-flex;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-webkit-box-align:center;-webkit-align-items:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;-webkit-box-pack:center;-webkit-justify-content:center;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box;vertical-align:middle;margin:0;border-style:solid;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;-webkit-transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;transition:0.3s background-color, 0.15s color ease-out, 0.15s border-color ease-out;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none;background-clip:border-box;border-width:1px;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale;-moz-appearance:none;-webkit-appearance:none;background-color:#fff;color:#0d7680;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-typography--loading-sans .o-banner--product .o-banner__button{font-size:13.92px;font-family:sans-serif}.o-banner--product .o-banner__button[disabled]{pointer-events:none;opacity:0.4;cursor:default}.o-banner--product .o-banner__button[aria-selected=true],.o-banner--product .o-banner__button[aria-current],.o-banner--product .o-banner__button[aria-pressed=true],.o-banner--product .o-banner__button:active{background-color:#a6a6a6;color:#074146;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner--product .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):hover{background-color:#ccc;color:#0a5e66;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration:none}.o-banner--product .o-banner__button:not([disabled]):focus{background-color:#ccc;color:#0a5e66;border-color:rgba(0,0,0,0)}.o-banner--product .o-banner__link{text-decoration:none;cursor:pointer;border-bottom:.25ex solid;color:#fff;border-bottom-color:#3d9199;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#3d9199;text-decoration-color:#3d9199}@supports (text-decoration-thickness: .25ex){.o-banner--product .o-banner__link{border-bottom:0;text-decoration-thickness:.25ex;-webkit-text-decoration-line:underline;text-decoration-line:underline}}.o-banner--product .o-banner__link:hover{color:#fff;border-bottom-color:#6eadb3;-webkit-text-decoration-color:#6eadb3;text-decoration-color:#6eadb3}.o-banner--product .o-banner__link:focus{border-bottom-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);-webkit-text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);text-decoration-color:rgba(0,0,0,0);color:#fff}.o-banner--product .o-banner__close{display:inline-block;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:contain;background-position:50%;background-color:transparent;vertical-align:baseline;width:26px;height:26px;background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23FFFFFF,%23FFFFFF&format=svg")}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active){.o-banner--product .o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23ffffff,%23ffffff&format=svg")}}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: black-on-white){.o-banner--product .o-banner__close{background-image:url("https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fticon-v1:cross?source=n-ui&tint=%23000000,%23000000&format=svg")}}.o-banner--product.o-banner--small .o-banner__outer,.o-banner--product.o-banner--compact .o-banner__outer{color:#fff;background-color:transparent}.o-banner--product.o-banner--small .o-banner__inner,.o-banner--product.o-banner--compact .o-banner__inner{background:#0d7680}.o-header__nav-link--toggle[aria-pressed=true]+.o-header__meganav{top:86px}@media (min-width: 30.625em){.o-header__nav-link--toggle[aria-pressed=true]+.o-header__meganav{top:84px}}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.o-header__nav-link--toggle[aria-pressed=true]+.o-header__meganav{top:auto}}.markets-data-wrapper{background-color:#262a33;min-height:39px;width:100%}.n-drawer-on .markets-data-wrapper{display:none}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.n-drawer-on .markets-data-wrapper{display:block}}.markets-data{padding-top:10px;padding-bottom:10px;color:#fff}.markets-data__item__link,.markets-data__link{color:inherit;text-decoration:none;border-bottom:0}.markets-data__item__link:hover,.markets-data__item__link:focus,.markets-data__link:hover,.markets-data__link:focus{color:inherit}.markets-data__link{font-family:MetricWeb, sans-serif;font-size:14px;line-height:16px;font-weight:600;float:right;text-align:right;display:none}.o-typography--loading-sans-bold .markets-data__link{font-size:11.62px;font-family:sans-serif}@media (min-width: 61.25em){.markets-data__link{display:block}}.top-stories__hero-slice-1--standalone{margin-top:20px}@media (min-width: 46.25em){.top-stories__hero-slice-1--standalone{border-bottom:1px solid #ccc1b7}}
			</style>
		<!--[if gte IE 9]><!-->
		<link data-is-next rel="preload" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/dd38bbf1/main.css" as="style" onload="this.rel='stylesheet';window.FT.cssFileLoaded()">
		<noscript><link rel="stylesheet" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/dd38bbf1/main.css"></noscript>
		<!--<![endif]-->
		<!--[if lt IE 9]><link rel="stylesheet" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/dd38bbf1/main.css"><![endif]-->
		<!--[if gte IE 9]><!-->
		<link data-is-next rel="preload" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/fdd209de/myft-ui-extra.css" as="style" onload="this.rel='stylesheet';window.FT.cssFileLoaded()">
		<noscript><link rel="stylesheet" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/fdd209de/myft-ui-extra.css"></noscript>
		<!--<![endif]-->
		<!--[if lt IE 9]><link rel="stylesheet" href="//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/fdd209de/myft-ui-extra.css"><![endif]-->

		<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo-v1%3Abrand-ft-logo-square-coloured?source=update-logos&width=32&height=32&format=png" sizes="32x32">
		<link rel="icon" type="image/png" href="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo-v1%3Abrand-ft-logo-square-coloured?source=update-logos&width=194&height=194&format=png" sizes="194x194">
		<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="180x180" href="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftlogo-v1%3Abrand-ft-logo-square-coloured?source=update-logos&width=180&height=180&format=png">

		<script>
			// Don't show the Android install banner
			window.addEventListener('beforeinstallprompt', function (ev) { ev.preventDefault(); return false; });
		</script>
		<link rel="manifest" href="/assets/manifest/manifest-v6.json">

		<meta name="msapplication-TileColor" content="#fff1e0">
		<meta name="msapplication-TileImage" content="https://www.ft.com/__assets/creatives/brand-ft/icons/v3/mstile-144x144.png">

		<meta property="og:title" content="Financial Times">
		<meta property="og:url" content="https://www.ft.com">
		<meta property="og:description" content="News, analysis and comment from the Financial Times, the world&#x27;s leading global business publication">
		<meta property="og:image" content="https://www.ft.com/__assets/creatives/brand-ft/icons/v3/open-graph.png">
		<meta property="og:type" content="website">
		<meta property="og:locale" content="en_GB">
		<meta property="og:site_name" content="Financial Times">
		<meta property="fb:pages" content="8860325749" />
		<meta name="twitter:card" content="summary">
		<meta name="twitter:site" content="@FinancialTimes">
		<meta name="google-site-verification" content="4-t8sFaPvpO5FH_Gnw1dkM28CQepjzo8UjjAkdDflTw" />
		<meta name="robots" content="max-snippet:200, max-image-preview:large">

			<meta name="description" content="News, analysis and comment from the Financial Times, the world&#x27;s leading global business publication">
	<link rel="canonical" href="https://www.ft.com">
	<link rel="alternate" href="https://www.ft.com/?edition=uk" hreflang="en-gb">
	<link rel="alternate" href="https://www.ft.com" hreflang="x-default">
	<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" href="https://www.ft.com/?format=rss" />
	<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" href="https://www.ft.com/?format=rss&edition=uk" hreflang="en-gb">
	<meta name="dfp_site" content="home">
	<meta name="dfp_zone" content="US">


		<script>
			var classes = document.documentElement.className; 
			classes = classes.replace(/\bno-js\b/, 'js'); 
			
			var script = document.createElement('script');
			var supportsDeferredScripts = "defer" in script && "async" in script;
			
			window.cutsTheMustard = (
				typeof document.documentElement.dataset === 'object'
				&& ('visibilityState' in document)
				&& supportsDeferredScripts
				);
			
			if (window.cutsTheMustard) {
				classes = classes.replace(/\bcore\b/, 'enhanced');
			}
			
			document.documentElement.className = classes;
			(function () {
				if (/(^|\s)o-typography-fonts-loaded=1(;|$)/.test(document.cookie)) {
					var fontLabels = ['sans', 'sans-bold', 'display', 'display-bold'];
					for (var i = 0; i < fontLabels.length; i++) {
						document.documentElement.classList.remove('o-typography--loading-' + fontLabels[i]);
					}
				}
			}());		</script>

			<script async id="moat-ivt" src="https://sejs.moatads.com/financialtimesprebidheader859796398452/yi.js"></script>

		<!-- Temporarily adding an IHS Markits script for stock-index based ad-targeting. This is to test the feature behind a flag; (only for companes/energy section). An api based solution will be rolled out in a future update and the script will be removed after the test -->
		<script async type="text/javascript" src="//ad.wsod.com/pub/d270ad52d0e8a39449c32782950c8cc9/0.0.async/"></script>

			<script async src="https://cdn.brandmetrics.com/survey/script/45b903c6675b4a9b85db13385a3d6084.js"></script>
		<!-- Google Tag Manager -->
		<script>(function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start':
		new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],
		j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'?'&l='+l:'';j.async=true;j.src=
		'https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id='+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f);
		})(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-NWQJW68');</script>
		<!-- End Google Tag Manager -->
	</head>
	<body data-next-is-logged-in="false" data-trackable="page:front-page">
		<!-- Google Tag Manager (noscript) -->
		<noscript><iframe src="https://www.googletagmanager.com/ns.html?id=GTM-NWQJW68" height="0" width="0" style="display:none;visibility:hidden"></iframe></noscript>
		<!-- End Google Tag Manager (noscript) -->

		<a data-trackable="a11y-survey-screen-reader" class="n-skip-link" href="https://www.ft.com/accessibility" tabindex="1">Accessibility help</a>
		<a data-trackable="a11y-skip-to-navigation" class="n-skip-link" href="#site-navigation" tabindex="1">Skip to navigation</a>
		<a data-trackable="a11y-skip-to-content" class="n-skip-link" href="#site-content" tabindex="1">Skip to content</a>
		<a data-trackable="a11y-skip-to-footer" class="n-skip-link" href="#site-footer" tabindex="1">Skip to footer</a>
					<div
				class="n-messaging-slot"
				data-n-messaging-slot="bottom"
				data-n-messaging-name="cookieConsentC"
				data-trackable="onsite-message-cookieConsentC"
				data-n-messaging-tooltip="">
				<div class="cookie-banner variant-cookieConsentC n-ui-hide-enhanced"
					role="dialog"
					aria-labelledby="cookie-banner-aria-label" aria-describedby="cookie-banner-aria-description">
				<div class="o-banner n-messaging-client-messaging-banner
					
					 o-banner--marketing
					
					
					"
					data-n-messaging-component=""
					data-o-banner-banner-class="o-banner"
					data-o-banner-auto-open="false"
					 data-o-banner-suppress-close-button="true"
					>
					<div class="o-banner__outer">
								<h2 class="cookie-banner__head" id="cookie-banner-aria-label">Cookies on FT Sites</h2>
					<div class="cookie-banner__inner" data-o-banner-inner="" data-o-banner-inner="">
						<div id="cookie-banner-aria-description">We use <a href="http://help.ft.com/help/legal-privacy/cookies/" class="cookie-banner__link cookie-banner__link--external" data-o-banner-action data-o-banner-action-type="view-policy" target="_blank" rel="noopener">cookies</a> for a number of reasons, such as keeping FT Sites reliable and secure, personalising content and ads, providing social media features and to analyse how our Sites are used.</div>
						<div class="cookie-banner__actions">
							<div>
								<a class="cookie-banner__link" href="https://www.ft.com/preferences/manage-cookies" data-o-banner-action data-o-banner-action-type="manage">Manage cookies</a>
							</div>
							<div>
								<a href="https://consent.ft.com/__consent/consent-record-cookie?redirect=https://www.ft.com" class="o-banner__button" data-o-banner-action data-o-banner-action-type="accept" data-action="accept-form">Accept &amp; continue</a>
							</div>
						</div>
					</div>
				
					</div>
				</div></div>		</div>


		<div class="n-layout">
			<div class="n-layout__row n-layout__row--header">
				<div class="o-ads above-header-advert o-ads--background o-ads--reserve-90 o-ads--transition" tabindex="-1" role="presentation" data-o-ads-name="top" data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;" data-o-ads-center="true" data-o-ads-formats-default="false" data-o-ads-formats-small="false" data-o-ads-formats-medium="Leaderboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-large="SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-extra="Billboard,SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Responsive" data-sticky-ad="true" aria-hidden="true"></div>
					<div class="o-header-before">
							<div class="markets-data-wrapper">
								<div class="o-grid-container">
									<div class="markets-data js-markets-data" data-trackable="header | markets data">
											<a href="https://markets.ft.com/data" class="markets-data__link" data-trackable="link">Visit Markets Data</a>
									</div>
								</div>
							</div>
					</div>
				
					<header id="site-navigation" class="o-header" data-o-component="o-header" data-o-header--no-js tabindex="-1">
				
				
							<div class="o-header__row o-header__anon" data-trackable="header-anon">
								<ul class="o-header__anon-list">
									<li class="o-header__anon-item">
										<a class="o-header__anon-link" href="/login?location&#x3D;/" data-trackable="Sign In">Sign In</a>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__anon-item">
										<a class="o-header__anon-link" href="/products?segmentId&#x3D;f860e6c2-18af-ab30-cd5e-6e3a456f9265" data-trackable="Subscribe">Subscribe</a>
									</li>
								</ul>
							</div>
				
						<div class="o-header__row o-header__top" data-trackable="header-top">
							<div class="o-header__container">
								<div class="o-header__top-wrapper">
										<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--left">
											<a href="#o-header-drawer" class="o-header__top-link o-header__top-link--menu" aria-controls="o-header-drawer" title="Open drawer menu" data-trackable="drawer-toggle">
												<span class="o-header__top-link-label">Open drawer menu</span>
											</a>
											<a href="#o-header-search-primary" class="o-header__top-link o-header__top-link--search" aria-controls="o-header-search-primary" title="Open search bar" data-trackable="search-toggle">
												<span class="o-header__top-link-label">Open search bar</span>
											</a>
										</div>
									<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--center">
										<a class="o-header__top-logo" data-trackable="logo" href="/" title="Go to Financial Times homepage">
											<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Financial Times</span>
										</a>
									</div>
										<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--right">
											<span class="o-header__top-link--myft__container">
												<a class="o-header__top-link o-header__top-link--myft" href="/myft" data-trackable="my-ft" data-tour-stage="myFt" aria-label="My F T">
													<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">myFT</span>
												</a>
											</span>
										</div>
								</div>
							</div>
						</div>		<div id="o-header-search-primary" class="o-header__row o-header__search o-header__search--primary" data-trackable="header-search" data-o-header-search>
							<div class="o-header__container">
								<form class="o-header__search-form" action="/search" role="search" aria-label="Site search" data-n-topic-search data-n-topic-search-categories="concepts,equities" data-n-topic-search-view-all>
									<label class="o-header__visually-hidden" for="o-header-search-term-primary">Search the <abbr title="Financial Times">FT</abbr></label>
									<input class="o-header__search-term" id="o-header-search-term-primary" name="q" type="text" autocomplete="off" autocorrect="off" autocapitalize="off" spellcheck="false" data-trackable="search-term" placeholder="Search the FT" data-n-topic-search-input>
									<button class="o-header__search-submit" type="submit" data-trackable="search-submit">
										Search
									</button>
									<button class="o-header__search-close o--if-js" type="button" aria-controls="o-header-search-primary" title="Close search bar" data-trackable="close">
										<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Close search bar</span>
									</button>
								</form>
							</div>
						</div>			<nav id="o-header-nav-mobile" class="o-header__row o-header__nav o-header__nav--mobile" aria-hidden="true" data-trackable="header-nav:mobile">
								<ul class="o-header__nav-list">
										<li class="o-header__nav-item">
											<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary" href="/" aria-label="Current page" aria-current="true" data-trackable="">Home</a>
										</li>
										<li class="o-header__nav-item">
											<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary" href="/fastft"  data-trackable="">fastFT</a>
										</li>
										<li class="o-header__nav-item">
											<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary" href="https://markets.ft.com/data"  data-trackable="">Markets Data</a>
										</li>
								</ul>
							</nav>
						
						<nav id="o-header-nav-desktop" class="o-header__row o-header__nav o-header__nav--desktop" role="navigation" aria-label="Primary navigation" data-trackable="header-nav:desktop">
							<div class="o-header__container">
								<ul class="o-header__nav-list o-header__nav-list--left" data-trackable="primary-nav">
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/" id="o-header-link-0" aria-label="Current page" aria-current="true" data-trackable="Home">Home</a>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/world" id="o-header-link-1"  data-trackable="World">World</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-1" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-1" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world"  data-trackable="link">
																		World Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/global-economy"  data-trackable="link">
																		Global Economy
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/uk"  data-trackable="link">
																		UK
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/us"  data-trackable="link">
																		US
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/asia-pacific/china"  data-trackable="link">
																		China
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/africa"  data-trackable="link">
																		Africa
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/asia-pacific"  data-trackable="link">
																		Asia Pacific
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/emerging-markets"  data-trackable="link">
																		Emerging Markets
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/europe"  data-trackable="link">
																		Europe
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/americas"  data-trackable="link">
																		Americas
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/mideast"  data-trackable="link">
																		Middle East and North Africa
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															China’s GDP grows at slowest pace in 29 years
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="link">
															Italy’s collapsing birth rate rings demographic alarm bells
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/50c26f20-36f4-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Johnson adviser’s housing role highlights lack of transparency
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/18ddc610-3940-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Forget staying close to EU after Brexit, chancellor tells business
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/bf0752ee-3685-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Canada’s Justin Trudeau partly blames US for deadly Iran plane crash
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/world/us" id="o-header-link-2"  data-trackable="US">US</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-2" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-2" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/us"  data-trackable="link">
																		US Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/us-economy"  data-trackable="link">
																		US Economy
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/world/us/politics"  data-trackable="link">
																		US Politics &amp; Policy
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/us"  data-trackable="link">
																		US Companies
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															China’s GDP grows at slowest pace in 29 years
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Tesla’s soaring share price defies the bears
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															‘Quant winter’ raises tricky questions for a hot industry
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/bc83fda6-3702-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															The Federal Reserve is the cause of the bubble in everything
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/bf0752ee-3685-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Canada’s Justin Trudeau partly blames US for deadly Iran plane crash
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/companies" id="o-header-link-3"  data-trackable="Companies">Companies</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-3" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-3" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies"  data-trackable="link">
																		Companies Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/energy"  data-trackable="link">
																		Energy
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/financials"  data-trackable="link">
																		Financials
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/health"  data-trackable="link">
																		Health
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/industrials"  data-trackable="link">
																		Industrials
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/media"  data-trackable="link">
																		Media
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/professional-services"  data-trackable="link">
																		Professional Services
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/retail-consumer"  data-trackable="link">
																		Retail &amp; Consumer
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/technology"  data-trackable="link">
																		Tech Sector
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/telecoms"  data-trackable="link">
																		Telecoms
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/companies/transport"  data-trackable="link">
																		Transport
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Tesla’s soaring share price defies the bears
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/7aa55f62-3782-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															How Loro Piana serves ‘nomadic elite’ with €7,000 cashmere coats
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/63e6d4e8-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Jamie Dimon is causing headaches for rivals — and himself
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/8ba1dde4-3869-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Volkswagen chief warns ‘sacred cows’ need slaughtering
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/3729d406-3878-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Wall Street M&amp;A fees drop by more than $500m in 2019
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/technology" id="o-header-link-4"  data-trackable="Tech">Tech</a>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/markets" id="o-header-link-5"  data-trackable="Markets">Markets</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-5" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-5" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/markets"  data-trackable="link">
																		Markets Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/fastft"  data-trackable="link">
																		fastFT
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="https://ftalphaville.ft.com"  data-trackable="link">
																		Alphaville
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="https://markets.ft.com/data"  data-trackable="link">
																		Markets Data
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/capital-markets"  data-trackable="link">
																		Capital Markets
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/commodities"  data-trackable="link">
																		Commodities
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/currencies"  data-trackable="link">
																		Currencies
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/equities"  data-trackable="link">
																		Equities
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/fund-management"  data-trackable="link">
																		Fund Management
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/ft-trading-room"  data-trackable="link">
																		Trading
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/moral-money"  data-trackable="link">
																		Moral Money
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/bc83fda6-3702-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															The Federal Reserve is the cause of the bubble in everything
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/004ef94c-3879-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Eurozone bond sales enjoy record demand
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/6f45586e-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															New shipping fuel rules push specialised oil towards $100 a barrel
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/8c57ae5e-3840-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															UK regulators launch fresh push to switch away from Libor
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/32a7df5a-37e6-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Climate change will reshape markets, McKinsey warns
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/graphics" id="o-header-link-6"  data-trackable="Graphics">Graphics</a>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/opinion" id="o-header-link-7"  data-trackable="Opinion">Opinion</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-7" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-7" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/opinion"  data-trackable="link">
																		Opinion Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/columnists"  data-trackable="link">
																		Columnists
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/ft-view"  data-trackable="link">
																		The FT View
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/the-big-read"  data-trackable="link">
																		The Big Read
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/instant-insight"  data-trackable="link">
																		Instant Insight
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/lex"  data-trackable="link">
																		Lex
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="https://ftalphaville.ft.com"  data-trackable="link">
																		Alphaville
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/obituaries"  data-trackable="link">
																		Obituaries
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/letters"  data-trackable="link">
																		Letters
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/abbfe166-3783-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Why my bad taste is the kiss of death
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/bc83fda6-3702-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															The Federal Reserve is the cause of the bubble in everything
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/63e6d4e8-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Jamie Dimon is causing headaches for rivals — and himself
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/6f45586e-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															New shipping fuel rules push specialised oil towards $100 a barrel
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="link">
															Facebook does not understand the marketplace of ideas
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/work-careers" id="o-header-link-8"  data-trackable="Work &amp; Careers">Work &amp; Careers</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-8" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-8" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/work-careers"  data-trackable="link">
																		Work &amp; Careers Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/rankings"  data-trackable="link">
																		Business School Rankings
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/business-education"  data-trackable="link">
																		Business Education
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/entrepreneurship"  data-trackable="link">
																		Entrepreneurship
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/recruitment"  data-trackable="link">
																		Recruitment
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/business-books"  data-trackable="link">
																		Business Books
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/business-travel"  data-trackable="link">
																		Business Travel
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/08267d5a-32e5-11ea-9703-eea0cae3f0de" data-trackable="link">
															You can tell a lot about a boss from how they act on holiday
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/e6172084-1aac-11ea-81f0-0c253907d3e0" data-trackable="link">
															What companies can learn from a Cambridge physics laboratory
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/2a02f9ea-32d5-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="link">
															Should I study a masters straight away, or work for a few years?
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/4a286dca-37a5-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="link">
															How to understand clients by analysing social media
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/103a418a-a9ff-11e9-984c-fac8325aaa04" data-trackable="link">
															It is never too late to return to university
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="/life-arts" id="o-header-link-9"  data-trackable="Life &amp; Arts">Life &amp; Arts</a>
										<div class="o-header__mega" id="o-header-mega-9" role="group" aria-labelledby="o-header-link-9" data-o-header-mega data-trackable="meganav | ">
											<div class="o-header__container">
												<div class="o-header__mega-wrapper">
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--subsections" data-trackable="sections">
												<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Sections</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-content">
													<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/life-arts"  data-trackable="link">
																		Life &amp; Arts Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/arts"  data-trackable="link">
																		Arts
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/books"  data-trackable="link">
																		Books
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/food-drink"  data-trackable="link">
																		Food &amp; Drink
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/magazine"  data-trackable="link">
																		FT Magazine
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/house-home"  data-trackable="link">
																		House &amp; Home
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/style"  data-trackable="link">
																		Style
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/travel"  data-trackable="link">
																		Travel
																	</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__mega-item">
																	<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/globetrotter"  data-trackable="link">
																		FT Globetrotter
																	</a>
																</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
												<div class="o-header__mega-column o-header__mega-column--articles" data-trackable="popular">
											<div class="o-header__mega-heading">Most Read</div>
											<div class="o-header__mega-content">
												<ul class="o-header__mega-list">
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Simon Schama on Auschwitz and the new anti-Semitism
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/fc22bb5f-133e-4bf9-8e1c-6dc7ad5aeb3e" data-trackable="link">
															Could new regulation spell the death of trusts?
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/0bf8a910-372e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Dominic Cummings has ‘done’ Brexit. Now he plans to reinvent politics
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/af63bc28-3780-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															Louis Vuitton snaps up world’s largest uncut diamond
														</a>
													</li>
													<li class="o-header__mega-item">
														<a class="o-header__mega-link" href="/content/90ed1c22-358b-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="link">
															The London property market in 2020 — who will be the winners and losers?
														</a>
													</li>
												</ul>
											</div>
										</div>
												</div>
											</div>
										</div>
									</li>
									<li class="o-header__nav-item">
										<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary o-header-nav__list-link--highlight" href="https://howtospendit.ft.com/" id="o-header-link-10"  data-trackable="How to Spend It">How to Spend It</a>
									</li>
								</ul>
						
						
						
									<ul class="o-header__nav-list o-header__nav-list--right" data-trackable="user-nav">
												<li class="o-header__nav-item">
													<a class="o-header__nav-link" href="/login?location&#x3D;/" data-trackable="Sign In">Sign In</a>
												</li>
											<li class="o-header__nav-item">
												<a class="o-header__nav-button" href="/products?segmentId&#x3D;f860e6c2-18af-ab30-cd5e-6e3a456f9265" role="button" data-trackable="Subscribe">Subscribe</a>
											</li>
									</ul>
							</div>
						</nav>
				
						
				
				
				</header>
				
						<header class="o-header o-header--simple o-header--sticky o--if-js" aria-hidden="true" data-o-header--sticky>
							<div class="o-header__row o-header__top" data-trackable="header-sticky">
								<div class="o-header__container">
									<div class="o-header__top-wrapper">
							
										<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--left">
											<a href="#" class="o-header__top-link o-header__top-link--menu" aria-controls="o-header-drawer" data-trackable="drawer-toggle" tabindex="-1">
												<span class="o-header__top-link-label">Menu</span>
											</a>
											<a href="#" class="o-header__top-link o-header__top-link--search" aria-controls="o-header-search-sticky" data-trackable="search-toggle" tabindex="-1">
												<span class="o-header__top-link-label">Search</span>
											</a>
										</div>
							
										<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--center">
											<div class="o-header__top-takeover">
												<div class="o-header__nav">
													<ul class="o-header__nav-list o-header__nav-list--left" data-trackable="primary-nav">
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/" data-trackable="Home" tabindex="-1">Home</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/world" data-trackable="World" tabindex="-1">World</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/world/us" data-trackable="US" tabindex="-1">US</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/companies" data-trackable="Companies" tabindex="-1">Companies</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/technology" data-trackable="Tech" tabindex="-1">Tech</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/markets" data-trackable="Markets" tabindex="-1">Markets</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/graphics" data-trackable="Graphics" tabindex="-1">Graphics</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/opinion" data-trackable="Opinion" tabindex="-1">Opinion</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/work-careers" data-trackable="Work &amp; Careers" tabindex="-1">Work &amp; Careers</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="/life-arts" data-trackable="Life &amp; Arts" tabindex="-1">Life &amp; Arts</a>
														</li>
														<li class="o-header__nav-item">
															<a class="o-header__nav-link o-header__nav-link--primary " href="https://howtospendit.ft.com/" data-trackable="How to Spend It" tabindex="-1">How to Spend It</a>
														</li>
													</ul>
												</div>
											</div>
							
											<a class="o-header__top-logo o-header__hide--L" data-trackable="logo" href="/" title="Go to Financial Times homepage" tabindex="-1">
												<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Financial Times</span>
											</a>
										</div>
							
										<div class="o-header__top-column o-header__top-column--right">
													<div class="o-header__nav">
														<ul class="o-header__nav-list o-header__nav-list--right" data-trackable="user-nav">
															
																	<li class="o-header__nav-item">
																		<a class="o-header__nav-link" href="/login?location&#x3D;/" data-trackable="Sign In" tabindex="-1">
																			Sign In
																		</a>
																	</li>
																	<li class="o-header__nav-item o-header__nav-item--expanded">
																		<a class="o-header__nav-button" href="/products?segmentId&#x3D;f860e6c2-18af-ab30-cd5e-6e3a456f9265" data-trackable="Subscribe" role="button" tabindex="-1">
																			Subscribe
																		</a>
																	</li>
														</ul>
													</div>
							
										</div>
							
									</div>
								</div>
							</div>
							<div id="o-header-search-sticky" class="o-header__row o-header__search o-header__search--sticky" data-trackable="header-search" data-o-header-search>
								<div class="o-header__container">
									<form class="o-header__search-form" action="/search" role="search" aria-label="Site search" data-n-topic-search data-n-topic-search-categories="concepts,equities" data-n-topic-search-view-all>
										<label class="o-header__visually-hidden" for="o-header-search-term-sticky">Search the <abbr title="Financial Times">FT</abbr></label>
										<input class="o-header__search-term" id="o-header-search-term-sticky" name="q" type="text" autocomplete="off" autocorrect="off" autocapitalize="off" spellcheck="false" data-trackable="search-term" placeholder="Search the FT" data-n-topic-search-input>
										<button class="o-header__search-submit" type="submit" data-trackable="search-submit">
											Search
										</button>
										<button class="o-header__search-close o--if-js" type="button" aria-controls="o-header-search-sticky" title="Close search bar" data-trackable="close">
											<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Close search bar</span>
										</button>
									</form>
								</div>
							</div>		</header>
			</div>
			<div class="n-layout__row n-layout__row--content">
				<h1 class="o-normalise-visually-hidden">Financial Times Home</h1>

<div class="o-grid-container">
	<section class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="0 L12">
			<div class="fast-ft fast-ft--horizontal" data-trackable="fastft">
				<h2 class="fast-ft__logo-outer">
					<a class="fast-ft__link" href="/fastft" data-trackable="go-to-link" aria-label="fast F T">
						<span class="fast-ft__logo">
							<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">fastFT</span>
						</span>
					</a>
				</h2>
				<ol class="fast-ft__stories">
						<li class="fast-ft__story story">
							<article class="" data-trackable="story">
								<a class="story__link" href="/content/90ba7ab4-396f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="main-link">
									<div class="story__title">CDC recommends avoiding e-cigarettes that contain THC</div>
								</a>
								<time data-o-component="o-date" class="story__time" datetime="2020-01-17T22:20:33.000Z" data-o-date-format="time-ago-abbreviated-limit-4-hours"><esi:include src="/__since/" /><esi:remove></esi:remove></time>
							</article>
						</li>
						<li class="fast-ft__story story">
							<article class="" data-trackable="story">
								<a class="story__link" href="/content/a14d06f4-396e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="main-link">
									<div class="story__title">Judge cuts $8bn J&J Risperdal verdict to $6.8m</div>
								</a>
								<time data-o-component="o-date" class="story__time" datetime="2020-01-17T22:07:09.000Z" data-o-date-format="time-ago-abbreviated-limit-4-hours"><esi:include src="/__since/" /><esi:remove></esi:remove></time>
							</article>
						</li>
						<li class="fast-ft__story story">
							<article class="" data-trackable="story">
								<a class="story__link" href="/content/130c4238-38fb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="main-link">
									<div class="story__title">US and European stocks hit records after China data boost</div>
								</a>
								<time data-o-component="o-date" class="story__time" datetime="2020-01-17T21:27:34.000Z" data-o-date-format="time-ago-abbreviated-limit-4-hours"><esi:include src="/__since/" /><esi:remove></esi:remove></time>
							</article>
						</li>
						<li class="fast-ft__story story">
							<article class="" data-trackable="story">
								<a class="story__link" href="/content/4a20f6f0-3951-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="main-link">
									<div class="story__title">Palladium surges to new record high over $2,500 an ounce</div>
								</a>
								<time data-o-component="o-date" class="story__time" datetime="2020-01-17T17:53:08.000Z" data-o-date-format="time-ago-abbreviated-limit-4-hours"><esi:include src="/__since/" /><esi:remove></esi:remove></time>
							</article>
						</li>
				</ol>
			</div>
		</div>
	</section>
</div>


		<div
			class="n-messaging-slot"
			data-n-messaging-slot="top"
			data-n-messaging-name="printBannerUsa"
			data-trackable="onsite-message-printBannerUsa"
			data-n-messaging-tooltip="">
			<div class="o-message n-messaging-client-alert-banner o-message--alert o-message--closed o-message--marketing__anon-subscribe n-messaging-client-alert-banner--marketing__anon-subscribe n-messaging-client-alert-banner--marketing__anon-subscribe--dark" data-close="false" data-n-messaging-component="" data-o-message-auto-open="false" >
				<div class="o-message__container">
					<div class="o-message__content">
							<p class="o-message__content-main o-message__cell">
									<span class="o-message__content-highlight">Make the most of 2020. Read the FT in print for just $99.</span>
							</p>
							<div class="o-message__actions o-message__cell" >
								<a href="https://subs.ft.com/spa3_USprintdigitalsale?segmentId&#x3D;a44c9005-2a9c-fe2a-9140-1311ff87f25f&amp;utm_us&#x3D;JJIBAQ" class="o-message__actions__primary" data-o-message-action="" data-trackable="onsite-message-button" role="button">Learn more</a>
							</div>
					</div>
				</div>
			</div>		</div>

<main id="site-content" class="main-body o-grid-container o-normalise-clearfix" role="main">
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 XL10 XLoffset1">
			<section class="top-stories o-teaser-collection">
				<section class="top-stories__hero-slice-1 top-stories__hero-slice-1--standalone o-teaser-collection o-teaser-collection--top-top-stories js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="hero-slice-1">
			<div class="o-normalise-visually-hidden">Top stories</div>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched" data-o-grid-colspan="12 S6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--top-story js-teaser" data-id="80dd4d58-3945-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/trump-impeachment" aria-label="Category: Trump impeachment">Trump impeachment</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/80dd4d58-3945-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Starr and Dershowitz tapped for Trump impeachment defence</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/80dd4d58-3945-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">High-profile lawyers join president’s legal team ahead of opening arguments in Senate trial</a></p></div><ul class="o-teaser__related"><li data-content-id="6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88" class="o-teaser__related-item o-teaser__related-item--Audio"><a data-trackable="related" href="/content/6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88">Friday, January 17</a></li><li data-content-id="05f40ca2-3874-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" class="o-teaser__related-item o-teaser__related-item--Article"><a data-trackable="related" href="/content/05f40ca2-3874-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4">White House broke law by withholding Ukraine aid, watchdog finds</a></li><li data-content-id="546490d6-3816-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" class="o-teaser__related-item o-teaser__related-item--Article"><a data-trackable="related" href="/content/546490d6-3816-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4">Trump ‘knew what was going on’ in Ukraine, says Giuliani associate</a></li></ul></div>
		</div>
		<div class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched" data-o-grid-colspan="12 S6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--hero o-teaser--centre o-teaser--stretched o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="d91c88de-3914-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/the-big-read" aria-label="Category: The Big Read">The Big Read</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/d91c88de-3914-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Russia’s political shake-up: Putin forever</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/d91c88de-3914-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fbe952c08-392a-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div>
</section>

				<div class="o-grid-row o-teaser-collection top-stories__freeform-row js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="freeform-row">

	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M3">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="8ec49bc8-397d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/topics/people/James_Gorman" aria-label="Category: James Gorman">James Gorman</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8ec49bc8-397d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Morgan Stanley cuts chief executive’s compensation</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/8ec49bc8-397d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">James Gorman to receive $27m package for 2019, down 7 per cent from the previous year</a></p><div class="o-teaser__timestamp o-teaser__timestamp--"><time class="o-teaser__timestamp-date o-date" data-o-component="o-date" data-o-date-format="time-ago-limit-4-hours" datetime="2020-01-17T23:36:45+0000">3 hours ago</time></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/8ec49bc8-397d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fe42787f4-397f-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
	</div>
	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M3">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/6f219ed8-b11c-4239-9891-eaa3ba2523a1" aria-label="Category: Boeing Co">Boeing Co</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">New glitch found in 737 Max software</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Technical review finds flaw when grounded Boeing jet powers up</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F0b3856fe-3352-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
	</div>
	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M3">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="90ba7ab4-396f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/48256173-6393-4d0e-9364-19a52aef5df1" aria-label="Category: Health">Health</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/90ba7ab4-396f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">CDC recommends avoiding e-cigarettes that contain THC</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/90ba7ab4-396f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">US health officials retreat from broad recommendation against vaping products</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/90ba7ab4-396f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F59a08f70-1cda-11ea-81f0-0c253907d3e0?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
	</div>
	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M3">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="a82e1640-395d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/a1751299-edbd-43dd-836b-03f252de1cad" aria-label="Category: Andrés Manuel López Obrador">Andrés Manuel López Obrador</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a82e1640-395d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Mexico’s López Obrador mulls raffling presidential jet</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/a82e1640-395d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">President hunts for ways to offload Boeing Dreamliner after UN-supervised bid process fizzles</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/a82e1640-395d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fb612afe0-3963-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
	</div>

</div>
<div class="o-ads o-ads--center top-stories-advert" tabindex="-1" role="presentation" data-o-ads-name="o-ads-slot-4261" data-o-ads-targeting="pos=top;" data-o-ads-center="true" data-o-ads-formats-default="Responsive,MediumRectangle" data-o-ads-formats-small="Responsive,MediumRectangle" data-o-ads-formats-medium="false" data-o-ads-formats-large="false" data-o-ads-formats-extra="false" data-sticky-ad="true" aria-hidden="true"></div>

<div class="o-teaser-collection o-teaser-collection--mid-slice top-stories__hero-slice-2 js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="hero-slice-2">
	<div class="o-grid-row">

		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L6" class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--hero o-teaser--centre o-teaser--stretched o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/content/b900d04a-face-11e7-a492-2c9be7f3120a" aria-label="Category: Weekend long reads">Weekend long reads</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Simon Schama on Auschwitz and the new anti-Semitism</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F470b58bc-386f-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>

			<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L3" class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--hero o-teaser--stretched js-teaser" data-id="4ea79450-2262-11ea-b8a1-584213ee7b2b"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/life-arts/lunch-with-the-ft" aria-label="Category: Lunch with the FT">Lunch with the FT</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/4ea79450-2262-11ea-b8a1-584213ee7b2b" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Cho Nam-joo: the writer inspiring Asia’s #MeToo movement</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/4ea79450-2262-11ea-b8a1-584213ee7b2b" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Her bestselling novel showed South Korea’s everyday sexism — and struck a chord around the region</a></p></div></div>
			</div>
			<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L3" class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--hero o-teaser--stretched o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="63e6d4e8-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">The Top Line</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/tom-braithwaite" aria-label="Category: Tom Braithwaite">Tom Braithwaite</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/63e6d4e8-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Jamie Dimon is causing headaches for rivals — and himself</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/63e6d4e8-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">JPMorgan’s stellar profits show banks can make money despite tougher rules</a></p></div></div>
			</div>
	</div>
</div>
<div class="o-ads mid-page-advert advert o-ads--transition o-ads--center" tabindex="-1" role="presentation" data-o-ads-name="mid" data-o-ads-targeting="pos=mid;" data-o-ads-center="true" data-o-ads-formats-default="Responsive,MediumRectangle" data-o-ads-formats-small="Responsive,MediumRectangle" data-o-ads-formats-medium="Leaderboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-large="SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Billboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-extra="SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Billboard,Responsive" data-sticky-ad="true" aria-hidden="true"></div>
<div class="top-stories__freeform-twocolumns o-teaser-collection o-grid-row js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="freeform-twocolumns">
	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/chinese-economy" aria-label="Category: Chinese economy">Chinese economy</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">China’s GDP grows at slowest pace in 29 years</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">World’s second-largest economy grew 6.1% in 2019 as trade war and domestic pressures took toll</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fd67c34da-38c4-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="f99f2418-3973-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/0ed3e450-cb63-41ac-b2c9-c5f005300812" aria-label="Category: Best Buy Co Inc">Best Buy Co Inc</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/f99f2418-3973-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Best Buy investigates misconduct claims against CEO</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/f99f2418-3973-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Corie Barry promoted to top job at electronics retailer seven months ago</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/f99f2418-3973-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F2514b3bc-3977-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/35edec46-ef7b-4f9b-b85a-25174e6e07fa" aria-label="Category: Tesla Inc">Tesla Inc</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Tesla’s soaring share price defies the bears</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Rally leaves many analysts struggling to justify lower forecasts but raises questions</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F9bea2e9a-3864-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
	</div>

	<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/fund-management" aria-label="Category: Fund management">Fund management</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Systematic funds suffer ‘quant winter’</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Automated investing is on the rise, but many funds are struggling to meet expectations</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fa84e9b9a-36e2-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/content/829eba02-3916-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" aria-label="Category: Ageing Populations">Ageing Populations</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Italy’s collapsing birth rate rings demographic alarm bells</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Perilous economy leaves women having to choose between motherhood or employment</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F624815d4-3153-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>

		<div class="native-ad-container"></div>
	</div>
</div>
			</section>

			<section class="o-teaser-collection o-teaser-collection--special js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="special-event">
	<div class="o-teaser-collection__heading-container">
				<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
					<span class="section-heading__text">
							The Best of FT Weekend
					</span>
				</h2>
	</div>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="dbcfce50-32d0-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/expats" aria-label="Category: Expats">Expats</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/dbcfce50-32d0-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Inside one of Paris’s last frontiers of gentrification</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/dbcfce50-32d0-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">How an FT correspondent found a home in an affordable area that is a mix of grit and hipster</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/dbcfce50-32d0-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fb5708598-3950-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>

		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="7290886e-3300-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/8eb529b7-5403-4b36-8a22-5e5d0075ee99" aria-label="Category: North American prime property">North American prime property</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/7290886e-3300-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Luxury property downturn in New York hits Hudson Yards</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/7290886e-3300-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">The number of homes sold in Manhattan for more than $10m has fallen 28 per cent in three years</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="51606e2c-36eb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/life-arts" aria-label="Category: Life &amp; Arts">Life &amp; Arts</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/51606e2c-36eb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Harry, Meghan and Britain’s new culture war</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/51606e2c-36eb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">On the one side, wokeness — on the other, Queen and country</a></p></div></div>
		</div>

		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="24bb69aa-3621-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Review</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/non-fiction" aria-label="Category: Non-Fiction">Non-Fiction</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/24bb69aa-3621-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The smouldering rage of populism</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="ffa81278-372c-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/magazine" aria-label="Category: FT Magazine">FT Magazine</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/ffa81278-372c-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Don McCullin on photographing war — and collecting antiques</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="77a8d150-33a8-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Review</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/non-fiction" aria-label="Category: Non-Fiction">Non-Fiction</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/77a8d150-33a8-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Uncanny Valley — inside the misogyny of Big Tech</a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div>
</section>


				<div id="myft-high" data-section-container="myft-high"></div>

			<div class="o-grid-row">
				<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L8" data-section-container="regional-news">
					<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="regional-top-stories">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading o-teaser-collection__heading--half-width">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/world/us" data-trackable="section-title">US News</a>
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/03711791-2306-46a4-a5f5-1d79e57bd21d" aria-label="Category: Social Media">Social Media</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Biden calls for social platforms to be liable for content</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Democratic presidential candidate attacks Mark Zuckerberg over false political advertising</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Ff7895c6e-394d-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="364c7122-392e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/us-economy" aria-label="Category: US economy">US economy</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/364c7122-392e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">US housing starts jump in December to highest in 13 years</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/364c7122-392e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">‘Warmer-than-usual’ temperatures may have helped activity, economists say</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="a14d06f4-396e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/03202114-3abe-4e53-9306-8f8aabae6c5a" aria-label="Category: Johnson &amp; Johnson Co Inc">Johnson &amp; Johnson Co Inc</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a14d06f4-396e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Judge cuts $8bn J&amp;J Risperdal verdict to $6.8m</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/a14d06f4-396e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Drug company had called original award ‘grossly disproportionate’</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="05f40ca2-3874-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/trump-impeachment" aria-label="Category: Trump impeachment">Trump impeachment</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/05f40ca2-3874-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">White House ‘broke law’ by withholding Ukraine aid</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/05f40ca2-3874-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Report delivers fresh blow for Trump ahead of impeachment trial</a></p></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>

				</div>

				<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<section class="o-teaser-collection o-teaser-collection--numbered js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="most-popular">
			<div class="o-teaser-collection__heading o-teaser-collection__heading--full-width">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						Most Read
				</span>
			</div>
	<ol class="o-teaser-collection__items">
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/62524508-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">China’s GDP grows at slowest pace in 29 years</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/911dee14-3825-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Tesla’s soaring share price defies the bears</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a9d1fe0c-2306-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Italy’s collapsing birth rate rings demographic alarm bells</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/08cf8ee6-36ea-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Simon Schama on Auschwitz and the new anti-Semitism</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Systematic funds suffer ‘quant winter’</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
	</ol>
</section>

				</div>
			</div>

			<div class="o-ads bottom-page-advert advert o-ads--transition o-ads--center" tabindex="-1" role="presentation" data-o-ads-name="bottom-below-my-ft" data-o-ads-targeting="pos=mid1;" data-o-ads-center="true" data-o-ads-formats-default="MediumRectangle,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-small="MediumRectangle,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-medium="Leaderboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-large="SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Billboard,Responsive" data-o-ads-formats-extra="SuperLeaderboard,Leaderboard,Billboard,Responsive" data-sticky-ad="true" aria-hidden="true"></div>

			<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="opinion">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/comment" data-trackable="section-title">Opinion</a>
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--opinion-background o-teaser--has-image o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/topics/people/Joseph_Stiglitz" aria-label="Category: Joseph Stiglitz">Joseph Stiglitz</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Facebook does not understand marketplace of ideas</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Self-regulation of the internet and social media will not work</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fe761d17e-390f-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-headshot o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="4f559a0e-3852-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/chloe-cornish" aria-label="Category: Chloe Cornish">Chloe Cornish</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/4f559a0e-3852-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Iraq’s young protesters stand their ground</a></div><img class="o-teaser__headshot" width="75" height="75" alt="" aria-hidden="true" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fthead%3Achloe-cornish?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=75&amp;tint=054593,d6d5d3&amp;dpr=2"/></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="d323ee6c-3843-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">The FT View</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/ft-view" aria-label="Category: The editorial board">The editorial board</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/d323ee6c-3843-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The energy transition will not come cheaply</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-headshot o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="7667a4f6-387b-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Inside Business</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/richard-waters" aria-label="Category: Richard Waters">Richard Waters</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/7667a4f6-387b-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Washington and tech groups on course for security clash</a></div><img class="o-teaser__headshot" width="75" height="75" alt="" aria-hidden="true" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/ftcms%3A816cad6c-eb8a-11e9-a240-3b065ef5fc55?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=75&amp;tint=054593,d6d5d3&amp;dpr=2"/></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-headshot o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="abbfe166-3783-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Undercover Economist</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/tim-harford" aria-label="Category: Tim Harford">Tim Harford</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/abbfe166-3783-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Why my bad taste is the kiss of death</a></div><img class="o-teaser__headshot" width="75" height="75" alt="" aria-hidden="true" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fthead-v1%3Atim-harford?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=75&amp;tint=054593,d6d5d3&amp;dpr=2"/></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-headshot o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="b3fadc18-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/gillian-tett" aria-label="Category: Gillian Tett">Gillian Tett</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/b3fadc18-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The alphabet soup of green standards needs a new recipe</a></div><img class="o-teaser__headshot" width="75" height="75" alt="" aria-hidden="true" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fthead-v1%3Agillian-tett?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=75&amp;tint=054593,d6d5d3&amp;dpr=2"/></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--has-headshot o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="5382bd42-3856-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/janan-ganesh" aria-label="Category: Janan Ganesh">Janan Ganesh</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/5382bd42-3856-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The end of the global art capital</a></div><img class="o-teaser__headshot" width="75" height="75" alt="" aria-hidden="true" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/fthead-v1%3Ajanan-ganesh?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=75&amp;tint=054593,d6d5d3&amp;dpr=2"/></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="9c3e80e6-3871-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">The FT View</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/ft-view" aria-label="Category: The editorial board">The editorial board</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/9c3e80e6-3871-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Putin plots to remain Russia’s puppet master</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="69730abe-f13a-49ff-bb24-c4e59a75cd21"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Lex</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/companies/financial-services" aria-label="Category: Financial services">Financial services</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/69730abe-f13a-49ff-bb24-c4e59a75cd21" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Morgan Stanley: the Gorman conquest</a><span> <span class="o-labels o-labels--premium o-labels--content-premium" aria-label="Premium content">Premium</span></span></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>


				<div id="myft-low" data-section-container="myft-low"></div>

			<section class="section section--podcasts podcast-section o-teaser-collection o-teaser-collection--mid-slice" data-trackable="podcast-slice">
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading podcast-section__heading">
				<a href="/podcasts" data-trackable="section-title"><span class="o-normalise-visually-hidden">Latest in </span>Podcasts</a>
			</h2>
		</div>

			<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 S6" class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched podcast-section__item" data-trackable="teaser-0">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--audio o-teaser--hero o-teaser--stretched js-teaser" data-id="b4c67e6a-627b-4484-92a1-00cdd0a32076"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/rachman-review" aria-label="Category: Rachman Review podcast">Rachman Review podcast</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">16 min listen</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/b4c67e6a-627b-4484-92a1-00cdd0a32076" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Listen to podcast Why cult of personality is central to dictatorship">Why cult of personality is central to dictatorship</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/b4c67e6a-627b-4484-92a1-00cdd0a32076" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Professor Frank Dikötter talks about the cult of personality behind 20th-century dictators</a></p><div class="o-teaser__action"><span>16 min listen</span></div></div></div>

				<a href="/content/b4c67e6a-627b-4484-92a1-00cdd0a32076" class="podcast-section__item-image-container" data-trackable="image" aria-hidden="true">
					<img src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http://prod-upp-image-read.ft.com/3ccf3641-22a8-4d8e-b26f-9084b2d2b678?source=ft-next-front-page&width=250&height=250&quality=highest&dpr=2" alt="Why cult of personality is central to dictatorship" class="podcast-section__item-image">
				</a>

				<!-- tabindex is set to -1 here because some screenreaders will ignore aria-hidden on interactive elements. the link to this content is the same as is on the title, which is accessible -->
				<a href="/content/b4c67e6a-627b-4484-92a1-00cdd0a32076" class="podcast-section__item-icon-container" data-trackable="icon" aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1">
					<span class="podcast-section__item-icon"></span>
				</a>
			</div>
			<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 S6" class="o-teaser-collection__item--stretched podcast-section__item" data-trackable="teaser-1">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--audio o-teaser--hero o-teaser--stretched js-teaser" data-id="6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/newsbriefing" aria-label="Category: FT News Briefing podcast">FT News Briefing podcast</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">8 min listen</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Listen to podcast Alphabet $1tn, Peacock streaming, Italian birth rates">Alphabet $1tn, Peacock streaming, Italian birth rates</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Investors catapulted Alphabet’s stock market value above $1tn for the first time on Thursday</a></p><div class="o-teaser__action"><span>8 min listen</span></div></div></div>

				<a href="/content/6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88" class="podcast-section__item-image-container" data-trackable="image" aria-hidden="true">
					<img src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http://prod-upp-image-read.ft.com/47764bf1-6618-4bba-969e-002e47356d5a?source=ft-next-front-page&width=250&height=250&quality=highest&dpr=2" alt="Alphabet $1tn, Peacock streaming, Italian birth rates" class="podcast-section__item-image">
				</a>

				<!-- tabindex is set to -1 here because some screenreaders will ignore aria-hidden on interactive elements. the link to this content is the same as is on the title, which is accessible -->
				<a href="/content/6dea7571-2283-482c-bd83-ea7c444e8b88" class="podcast-section__item-icon-container" data-trackable="icon" aria-hidden="true" tabindex="-1">
					<span class="podcast-section__item-icon"></span>
				</a>
			</div>
	</div>
</section>


			
<section class="section section--video">
	<div class="section__column video-section">

		<div class="o-grid-container">
			<div class="o-grid-row">
				<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 XL10 XLoffset1">

					<!-- back in happy grid land -->
					<div class="o-grid-row">
						<div data-o-grid-colspan="12">
							<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading video-section__heading">
								<a href="/video" data-trackable="section-title"><span class="o-normalise-visually-hidden">Latest in </span>Video</a>
							</h2>
						</div>

						<div class="video-section__column--player" data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L7">
								<div class="o-video video-section__player"
										data-o-component="o-video"
										data-o-video-id="f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159"
										data-o-video-optimumwidth="640"
										data-o-video-optimumvideowidth="640"
										data-o-video-placeholder-hint="Play video"
										data-o-video-show-guidance="false"
										data-o-video-systemcode="next-front-page"
										data-o-video-data="{&quot;title&quot;:&quot;Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber: how the world has changed&quot;,&quot;standfirst&quot;:&quot;How the global financial crisis, the rise of China and the tech revolution have transformed our lives&quot;,&quot;renditions&quot;:[{&quot;url&quot;:&quot;https://next-media-api.ft.com/renditions/15791812850320/640x360.mp4&quot;,&quot;duration&quot;:892480,&quot;mediaType&quot;:&quot;video/mp4&quot;,&quot;codec&quot;:&quot;h264&quot;,&quot;pixelWidth&quot;:640,&quot;pixelHeight&quot;:360},{&quot;url&quot;:&quot;https://next-media-api.ft.com/renditions/15791812850320/1280x720.mp4&quot;,&quot;duration&quot;:892480,&quot;mediaType&quot;:&quot;video/mp4&quot;,&quot;codec&quot;:&quot;h264&quot;,&quot;pixelWidth&quot;:1280,&quot;pixelHeight&quot;:720},{&quot;url&quot;:&quot;https://next-media-api.ft.com/renditions/15791812850320/1920x1080.mp4&quot;,&quot;duration&quot;:892480,&quot;mediaType&quot;:&quot;video/mp4&quot;,&quot;codec&quot;:&quot;h264&quot;,&quot;pixelWidth&quot;:1920,&quot;pixelHeight&quot;:1080}],&quot;mainImageUrl&quot;:&quot;http://prod-upp-image-read.ft.com/5c77ec43-9dc0-429e-8886-53bd34c003c3&quot;,&quot;captionsUrl&quot;:&quot;https://next-media-api.ft.com/captions/15791812850320.vtt&quot;}">
										<div class="js-video-up-next"></div>
								</div>
							
									<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--video o-teaser--small o-teaser--now-playing o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/lionel-barber" aria-label="Category: Lionel Barber">Lionel Barber</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">15 min</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/video/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Watch video Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber reflects on how the world has changed during his tenure">Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber reflects on how the world has changed during his tenure</a></div></div></div>
							
								<form class="n-myft-ui n-myft-ui--save" method="GET"
									data-content-id="f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159"
									data-myft-ui="saved"
									action="/myft/save/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159"
									data-js-action="/__myft/api/core/saved/content/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159?method=put">
									<input
										data-myft-csrf-token
										value=""
										type="hidden"
										name="token">	<div
										class="n-myft-ui__announcement o-normalise-visually-hidden"
										aria-live="assertive"
										data-pressed-text="Article saved in My FT."
										data-unpressed-text="Removed article from My FT."
									></div>
									<button
										type="submit"
										class="n-myft-ui__button n-myft-ui__button--inverse"
										data-trackable="save-for-later"
											data-alternate-label="Saved to myFT"
											aria-pressed="false"
												data-text-variant="save-button-longer-copy"
												data-alternate-text="Saved&nbsp;"
										data-content-id="f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" 
											aria-label="Save Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber: how the world has changed to myFT for later"
											title="Save Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber: how the world has changed to myFT for later"
										>
												
														<span class="save-button-longer-copy" data-variant-label>Save&nbsp;</span><span class="n-myft-ui__button--viewport-large" aria-hidden="true">to myFT</span>
										</button>
									</form>
							
								<div class="video-section__share-wrapper">
									<div data-o-component="o-share" class="video-section__share o-share o-share--inverse">
										<ul>
											<li class="o-share__action o-share__action--twitter">
												<a class="o-share__icon o-share__icon--twitter" target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fvideo%2Ff927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159&amp;text=Outgoing%20FT%20editor%20Lionel%20Barber%3A%20how%20the%20world%20has%20changed&amp;via=FT" data-trackable="twitter"><span class="o-share__text">Share on Twitter (link opens in a new browser window)</span></a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-share__action o-share__action--facebook">
												<a class="o-share__icon o-share__icon--facebook" target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="http://www.facebook.com/sharer.php?u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fvideo%2Ff927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159&amp;t=Outgoing%20FT%20editor%20Lionel%20Barber%3A%20how%20the%20world%20has%20changed" data-trackable="facebook"><span class="o-share__text">Share on Facebook (link opens in a new browser window)</span></a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-share__action o-share__action--linkedin">
												<a class="o-share__icon o-share__icon--linkedin" target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="http://www.linkedin.com/shareArticle?mini=true&amp;url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fvideo%2Ff927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159&amp;title=Outgoing%20FT%20editor%20Lionel%20Barber%3A%20how%20the%20world%20has%20changed&amp;source=Financial+Times" data-trackable="linkedin"><span class="o-share__text">Share on LinkedIn (link opens in a new browser window)</span></a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-share__action o-share__action--whatsapp">
												<a class="o-share__icon o-share__icon--whatsapp" target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="whatsapp://send?text=Outgoing%20FT%20editor%20Lionel%20Barber%3A%20how%20the%20world%20has%20changed%20-%20https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fvideo%2Ff927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" data-trackable="whatsapp"><span class="o-share__text">Share on WhatsApp (link opens in a new browser window)</span></a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-share__action o-share__action--link">
												<a href="https://www.ft.com/video/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" class="o-share__icon o-share__icon--link" title="View on video page"><span class="o-share__text">View on video page</span></a>
											</li>
										</ul>
									</div>
								</div>
							
						</div>

						<div class="video-section__column--playlist" data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L5">
								<div class="video-section__item">
										<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--video o-teaser--small o-teaser--playlist-item o-teaser--has-image o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/lionel-barber" aria-label="Category: Lionel Barber">Lionel Barber</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">15 min</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/video/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Watch video Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber reflects on how the world has changed during his tenure">Outgoing FT editor Lionel Barber reflects on how the world has changed during his tenure</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/video/f927ff4d-5471-4dfb-a92a-60e7cc821159" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F5c77ec43-9dc0-429e-8886-53bd34c003c3?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
								</div>
								<div class="video-section__item">
										<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--video o-teaser--small o-teaser--playlist-item o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="178391d4-f462-4673-bc24-e912a23efc6a"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Explainer</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/markets" aria-label="Category: Markets">Markets</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">5 min</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/video/178391d4-f462-4673-bc24-e912a23efc6a" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Watch video China: currency manipulator no more?">China: currency manipulator no more?</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/video/178391d4-f462-4673-bc24-e912a23efc6a" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F183ad21b-77fb-4853-9e88-637cdeb59f2e?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
								</div>
								<div class="video-section__item">
										<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--video o-teaser--small o-teaser--playlist-item o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="7dc7edeb-817a-4b08-ac65-78961e6082fc"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Explainer</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/us-presidential-election" aria-label="Category: US presidential election">US presidential election</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">20 min</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/video/7dc7edeb-817a-4b08-ac65-78961e6082fc" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Watch video How map makers will win the 2020 US election">How map makers will win the 2020 US election</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/video/7dc7edeb-817a-4b08-ac65-78961e6082fc" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fd2df28b8-078a-458e-9e4d-3bc86ee9f17e?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
								</div>
								<div class="video-section__item">
										<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--video o-teaser--small o-teaser--playlist-item o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="36af95e1-06dd-461b-9d49-9df967476878"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/world" aria-label="Category: World">World</a><span class="o-teaser__tag-suffix">27 min</span></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/video/36af95e1-06dd-461b-9d49-9df967476878" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link" aria-label="Watch video Who will win the Labour leadership race?">Who will win the Labour leadership race?</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/video/36af95e1-06dd-461b-9d49-9df967476878" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F20fbef50-04af-4ca9-99fc-fce62f393198?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=240" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
								</div>
						</div>
					</div>
				</div>
			</div>
		</div>

	</div>
</section>


			<div class="o-grid-row">
				<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L8">
					<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="globetrotter-articles">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading o-teaser-collection__heading--half-width">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/globetrotter" data-trackable="section-title">FT Globetrotter</a>
				</span>
					<span class="section-heading__badge o-labels">New</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="2112aedc-32eb-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/globetrotter" aria-label="Category: FT Globetrotter">FT Globetrotter</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/2112aedc-32eb-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">How to stay healthy in Paris</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/2112aedc-32eb-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">On two wheels or two feet, with nutritious food breaks, here’s where FT readers keep fit in the city</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/2112aedc-32eb-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image" src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F491f4e94-36e7-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="f6ddf00c-379c-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/business-travel" aria-label="Category: Business travel">Business travel</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="https://survey.ft.com/jfe/form/SV_bOtKLCW9xWHEPhb" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">What are your top tips for greener travel?</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="https://survey.ft.com/jfe/form/SV_bOtKLCW9xWHEPhb" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Tell us and be part of our exclusive FT Globetrotter community</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="5d570468-21a9-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/globetrotter" aria-label="Category: FT Globetrotter">FT Globetrotter</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/5d570468-21a9-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">How to be healthier in Tokyo</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/5d570468-21a9-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">With onsen, sento and scenic spaces, this is a city where keeping fit is — literally — a walk in the park</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="56eb2272-218f-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/globetrotter" aria-label="Category: FT Globetrotter">FT Globetrotter</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/56eb2272-218f-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The best bike routes in London</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/56eb2272-218f-11ea-92da-f0c92e957a96" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Where to get your cycling fix: top places to pedal, taking in history, hill climbs — and some surprisingly green spaces</a></p></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>

				</div>

				<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="globetrotter-cities">
			<div class="o-teaser-collection__heading o-teaser-collection__heading--full-width">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						Explore our cities
				</span>
			</div>
	<ol class="o-teaser-collection__items">
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="0cd1889a-b207-11e9-8cb2-799a3a8cf37b"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/new-york-city" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">New York City with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="0ad28a08-b207-11e9-8cb2-799a3a8cf37b"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/london" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">London with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="0bdb8e2c-b207-11e9-8cb2-799a3a8cf37b"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/tokyo" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Tokyo with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="ae3804a0-a70a-11e9-984c-fac8325aaa04"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/paris" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Paris with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="0ea92bd2-b207-11e9-8cb2-799a3a8cf37b"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/hong-kong" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Hong Kong with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
		<li class="o-teaser-collection__item">
				<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--placeholder o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="adb14b26-c28b-11e9-a8e9-296ca66511c9"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/globetrotter/frankfurt" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Frankfurt with the FT</a></div></div></div>
		</li>
	</ol>
</section>

				</div>
			</div>

			<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="editors-picks">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						Highlights
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="7aa55f62-3782-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/69108a9c-22ad-4823-b1ca-2c883266df19" aria-label="Category: Loro Piana SpA">Loro Piana SpA</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/7aa55f62-3782-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">How Loro Piana serves ‘nomadic elite’ with €7,000 coats</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/7aa55f62-3782-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Italian brand prides itself on expensive garments made from the rarest of materials</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/7aa55f62-3782-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F2ae9f07e-37d1-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="4d50a558-389f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/market-forces" aria-label="Category: Market Forces">Market Forces</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/4d50a558-389f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Running hard will test the stamina of investors</a><span> <span class="o-labels o-labels--premium o-labels--content-premium" aria-label="Premium content">Premium</span></span></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/4d50a558-389f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Mike Mackenzie’s daily analysis of what’s moving global markets</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="6f45586e-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Tail Risk</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/david-sheppard" aria-label="Category: David Sheppard">David Sheppard</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/6f45586e-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">New shipping fuel rules push specialised oil towards $100 a barrel</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/6f45586e-3851-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Regulations are dripping with good intentions but come at a cost</a></p></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="8066553c-37c3-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/market-forces" aria-label="Category: Market Forces">Market Forces</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8066553c-37c3-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">US-China trade pact merely papers over global faultlines</a><span> <span class="o-labels o-labels--premium o-labels--content-premium" aria-label="Premium content">Premium</span></span></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="c9547b7c-262d-11ea-9a4f-963f0ec7e134"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/79a55278-e905-3732-a7db-ec289a121dc4" aria-label="Category: Scotland">Scotland</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/c9547b7c-262d-11ea-9a4f-963f0ec7e134" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Scottish commercial gold mine faces green opposition</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="dd680521-a9cc-4b1c-922d-4787d2a314f6"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">FT Alphaville</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/e11a1e80-32df-4443-a483-5bd64245c9c4" aria-label="Category: ESG investing">ESG investing</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="http://ftalphaville.ft.com/2020/01/14/1579000419000/The-GPIF-and-the-complexity-of-stewardship/" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">The GPIF and the complexity of stewardship</a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>



			<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="markets">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/markets" data-trackable="section-title">Markets News</a>
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="130c4238-38fb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/equities" aria-label="Category: Equities">Equities</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/130c4238-38fb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">US and European stocks hit records after China data boost</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/130c4238-38fb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">S&amp;P 500 has best week since August amid trade optimism</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/130c4238-38fb-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F0fbeca8c-3915-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="0815dfa2-3927-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/us-equities" aria-label="Category: US equities">US equities</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/0815dfa2-3927-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">US stocks close in on the biggest bull run ever</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/0815dfa2-3927-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Bear-free gains in S&amp;P 500 index near the tech-fuelled surge of the 1990s</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="a4b4ed38-3942-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/ft-trading-room/high-frequency-trading" aria-label="Category: High frequency trading">High frequency trading</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a4b4ed38-3942-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Traders brace for reform of US data releases</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/a4b4ed38-3942-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Banning computers from ‘lock-ups’ forces rethink on how markets respond</a></p></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="004ef94c-3879-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/2814aea9-fc45-471b-849f-4a2fc37182e8" aria-label="Category: Sovereign bonds">Sovereign bonds</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/004ef94c-3879-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Eurozone bond sales enjoy record demand</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="4a20f6f0-3951-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/bb32468d-9aa2-4c64-87c3-9c9a516f8c08" aria-label="Category: Precious metals">Precious metals</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/4a20f6f0-3951-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Palladium surges to new record high over $2,500 an ounce</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Analysis</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/fund-management" aria-label="Category: Fund management">Fund management</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8666e64a-357f-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Systematic funds suffer ‘quant winter’</a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>

			<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event" data-trackable="technology">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/technology" data-trackable="section-title">Technology</a>
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--large o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/6f219ed8-b11c-4239-9891-eaa3ba2523a1" aria-label="Category: Boeing Co">Boeing Co</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">New glitch found in 737 Max software</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Technical review finds flaw when grounded Boeing jet powers up</a></p></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/6c1f0460-395e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F0b3856fe-3352-11ea-a329-0bcf87a328f2?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="8564ee32-394d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/market-forces" aria-label="Category: Market Forces">Market Forces</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/8564ee32-394d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Topping the charts for an extended reign</a><span> <span class="o-labels o-labels--premium o-labels--content-premium" aria-label="Premium content">Premium</span></span></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/8564ee32-394d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Mike Mackenzie’s daily analysis of what’s moving global markets</a></p></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/03711791-2306-46a4-a5f5-1d79e57bd21d" aria-label="Category: Social Media">Social Media</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Biden calls for social platforms to be liable for content</a></div><p class="o-teaser__standfirst"><a href="/content/dc3f2c52-394a-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="standfirst-link" tabindex="-1" class="js-teaser-standfirst-link">Democratic presidential candidate attacks Mark Zuckerberg over false political advertising</a></p></div></div>
		</div>
	
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="9459de08-394c-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/techft" aria-label="Category: #techFT">#techFT</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/9459de08-394c-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Low-battery warning fight</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small js-teaser" data-id="322dba10-392e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/stream/b471f1c3-caba-4bd2-a35a-bd154c26e45c" aria-label="Category: Travelex Ltd">Travelex Ltd</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/322dba10-392e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Travelex says no evidence customer data taken</a></div></div></div>
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/topics/people/Joseph_Stiglitz" aria-label="Category: Joseph Stiglitz">Joseph Stiglitz</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Facebook does not understand marketplace of ideas</a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>

			<section class="o-teaser-collection js-track-scroll-event o-teaser-collection--life-arts" data-trackable="life-and-arts">
			<h2 class="o-teaser-collection__heading">
				<span class="section-heading__text">
						<a href="/life-arts" data-trackable="section-title">Life & Arts</a>
				</span>
			</h2>
	<div class="o-grid-row">
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="a01a5b44-372d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/content/b900d04a-face-11e7-a492-2c9be7f3120a" aria-label="Category: Weekend long reads">Weekend long reads</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/a01a5b44-372d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Inside the epic restoration of the Vatican’s Raphael Rooms</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/a01a5b44-372d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fc1eb3ab8-377d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=420" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="c8c931b6-36a9-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/travel/europe" aria-label="Category: Europe holidays">Europe holidays</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/c8c931b6-36a9-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Málaga’s makeover</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/c8c931b6-36a9-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F20114fc0-3859-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=420" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image js-teaser" data-id="ff0a954a-38ed-11e9-b856-5404d3811663"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">Review</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/books" aria-label="Category: Books">Books</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/ff0a954a-38ed-11e9-b856-5404d3811663" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Best books of the week</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/ff0a954a-38ed-11e9-b856-5404d3811663" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Ff004e39e-f73c-11e9-bbe1-4db3476c5ff0?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="2aa963b6-3857-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/joy-lo-dico" aria-label="Category: Joy Lo Dico">Joy Lo Dico</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/2aa963b6-3857-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">Why Hollywood still prefers the little woman</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/2aa963b6-3857-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2F12bf5c44-3896-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
		<div data-o-grid-colspan="12 M6 L4">
					<div class="o-teaser o-teaser--article o-teaser--small o-teaser--stacked o-teaser--has-image o-teaser--opinion js-teaser" data-id="88d2beee-372e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4"><div class="o-teaser__content"><div class="o-teaser__meta"><span class="o-teaser__tag-prefix">FT Magazine</span><a class="o-teaser__tag" data-trackable="teaser-tag" href="/patti-waldmeir" aria-label="Category: Patti Waldmeir">Patti Waldmeir</a></div><div class="o-teaser__heading"><a href="/content/88d2beee-372e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="heading-link" class="js-teaser-heading-link">I heart the heartlands: in defence of the US’s misunderstood Midwest</a></div></div><div class="o-teaser__image-container js-teaser-image-container"><div class="o-teaser__image-placeholder" style="padding-bottom:56.2500%;"><a href="/content/88d2beee-372e-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4" data-trackable="image-link" tabindex="-1" aria-hidden="true"><img class="o-teaser__image n-image--lazy-loading" data-src="https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/image/v2/images/raw/http%3A%2F%2Fprod-upp-image-read.ft.com%2Fad54e748-377d-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4?source=next&amp;fit=scale-down&amp;compression=best&amp;width=340" alt=""/></a></div></div></div>
		</div>
	</div></section>


		</div>
	</div>

</main>

<div class='back-to-top'>
	<a href='#site-content' class='back-to-top__link' data-trackable='back-to-top'>Back to the top</a>
</div>

<div class="ad-placeholder ad-placeholder--exit"></div>
			</div>

				<div class="n-feedback__container n-feedback--hidden"></div>


			<div class="n-layout__row n-layout__row--footer">
				
				<footer id="site-footer"
						class="o-footer o-footer--theme-dark"
						data-o-component="o-footer">
					<div class="o-footer__container">
				
						<div class="o-footer__row">
							<h2 class="o-normalise-visually-hidden">Useful links</h2>
							<nav class="o-footer__matrix" role="navigation" aria-label="Useful links">
								<div class="o-footer__matrix-group o-footer__matrix-group--1">
									<h3 class="o-footer__matrix-title" >
									Support
									</h3>
									<div class="o-footer__matrix-content" id="o-footer-section-0">
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/tour" data-trackable="View Site Tips" >View Site Tips</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://help.ft.com" data-trackable="Help Centre" >Help Centre</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://www.ft.com/aboutus" data-trackable="About Us" >About Us</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/accessibility" data-trackable="Accessibility" >Accessibility</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/tour/myft" data-trackable="myFT Tour" >myFT Tour</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://aboutus.ft.com/en-gb/careers/" data-trackable="Careers" >Careers</a>
										</div>
									</div>
								</div>
								<div class="o-footer__matrix-group o-footer__matrix-group--1">
									<h3 class="o-footer__matrix-title" >
									Legal & Privacy
									</h3>
									<div class="o-footer__matrix-content" id="o-footer-section-1">
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://help.ft.com/help/legal-privacy/terms-conditions/" data-trackable="Terms &amp; Conditions" >Terms & Conditions</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://help.ft.com/help/legal-privacy/privacy/" data-trackable="Privacy" >Privacy</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://help.ft.com/help/legal-privacy/cookies/" data-trackable="Cookies" >Cookies</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://help.ft.com/help/legal-privacy/copyright/copyright-policy/" data-trackable="Copyright" >Copyright</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://help.ft.com/help/legal/slavery-statement/" data-trackable="Slavery Statement &amp; Policies" >Slavery Statement & Policies</a>
										</div>
									</div>
								</div>
								<div class="o-footer__matrix-group o-footer__matrix-group--2">
									<h3 class="o-footer__matrix-title" aria-controls="o-footer-section-2">
									Services
									</h3>
									<div class="o-footer__matrix-content" id="o-footer-section-2">
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://live.ft.com/" data-trackable="FT Live" >FT Live</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/securedrop" data-trackable="Share News Tips Securely" data-o-tracking-do-not-track="true">Share News Tips Securely</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://www.ft.com/products" data-trackable="Individual Subscriptions" >Individual Subscriptions</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://enterprise.ft.com/en-gb/services/group-subscriptions/group-contact-us/?segmentId&#x3D;383c7f63-abf4-b62d-cb33-4c278e6fdf61&amp;cpccampaign&#x3D;B2B_link_ft.com_footer" data-trackable="Group Subscriptions" >Group Subscriptions</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://enterprise.ft.com/en-gb/services/republishing/" data-trackable="Republishing" >Republishing</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://www.businessesforsale.com/ft2/notices" data-trackable="Contracts &amp; Tenders" >Contracts & Tenders</a>
										</div>
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://www.exec-appointments.com/" data-trackable="Executive Job Search" >Executive Job Search</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://fttoolkit.co.uk/" data-trackable="Advertise with the FT" >Advertise with the FT</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://twitter.com/financialtimes" data-trackable="Follow the FT on Twitter" >Follow the FT on Twitter</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://transact.ft.com/en-gb/" data-trackable="FT Transact" >FT Transact</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://enterprise.ft.com/en-gb/services/group-subscriptions/education/" data-trackable="Secondary Schools" >Secondary Schools</a>
										</div>
									</div>
								</div>
								<div class="o-footer__matrix-group o-footer__matrix-group--2">
									<h3 class="o-footer__matrix-title" aria-controls="o-footer-section-3">
									Tools
									</h3>
									<div class="o-footer__matrix-content" id="o-footer-section-3">
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://markets.ft.com/data/portfolio/dashboard" data-trackable="Portfolio" >Portfolio</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://www.ft.com/todaysnewspaper" data-trackable="Today&#x27;s Newspaper (ePaper)" >Today's Newspaper (ePaper)</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://markets.ft.com/data/alerts/" data-trackable="Alerts Hub" >Alerts Hub</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/global-mba-ranking-2019" data-trackable="MBA Rankings" >MBA Rankings</a>
										</div>
										<div class="o-footer__matrix-column">
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://kat.ft.com/" data-trackable="Enterprise Tools" >Enterprise Tools</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/news-feed" data-trackable="News feed" >News feed</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="/newsletters" data-trackable="Newsletters" >Newsletters</a>
											<a class="o-footer__matrix-link" href="https://markets.ft.com/research/Markets/Currencies?segid&#x3D;70113" data-trackable="Currency Converter" >Currency Converter</a>
										</div>
									</div>
								</div>
							</nav>
						
							<div class="o-footer__external-link o-footer__matrix-title">
								<a class="o-footer__more-from-ft o-footer__matrix-title" href="http://ft.com/more-from-ft-group" data-trackable="more-from-ft">More from the FT Group</a>
							</div>
						</div>
						<div class="o-footer__copyright" role="contentinfo">
							<small>
								Markets data delayed by at least 15 minutes. &#xA9; THE FINANCIAL TIMES LTD 2020.
								<abbr title="Financial Times" aria-label="F T">FT</abbr> and &#x2018;Financial Times&#x2019; are trademarks of The Financial Times Ltd.<br>
								The Financial Times and its journalism are subject to a self-regulation regime under the <a href="http://aboutus.ft.com/en-gb/ft-editorial-code/" aria-label="F T Editorial Code of Practice">FT Editorial Code of Practice</a>.
							</small>
						</div>
				
					</div>
					<div class="o-footer__brand">
						<div class="o-footer__container">
							<div class="o-footer__brand-logo"></div>
						</div>
					</div>
				</footer>					
					
					
					<div class="o-header__drawer" id="o-header-drawer" role="navigation" aria-label="Drawer menu" data-o-header-drawer data-o-header-drawer--no-js data-trackable="drawer" data-trackable-terminate>
						<div class="o-header__drawer-inner">
					
							<div class="o-header__drawer-tools">
								<button type="button" class="o-header__drawer-tools-close" aria-controls="o-header-drawer" title="Close drawer menu" data-trackable="close">
									<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Close drawer menu</span>
								</button>
					
								<a class="o-header__drawer-tools-logo" href="/" data-trackable="logo">
									<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Financial Times</span>
								</a>
					
									<p class="o-header__drawer-current-edition">International Edition</p>
							</div>
					
							<div class="o-header__drawer-search">
								<form class="o-header__drawer-search-form" action="/search" role="search" aria-label="Site search" data-n-topic-search data-n-topic-search-categories="concepts,equities" data-n-topic-search-view-all>
									<label class="o-header__visually-hidden" for="o-header-drawer-search-term">Search the <abbr title="Financial Times">FT</abbr></label>
									<input class="o-header__drawer-search-term" id="o-header-drawer-search-term" name="q" type="text" autocomplete="off" autocorrect="off" autocapitalize="off" spellcheck="false" placeholder="Search the FT" data-trackable="search-term" data-n-topic-search-input>
									<button class="o-header__drawer-search-submit" type="submit" data-trackable="search-submit">
										<span class="o-header__visually-hidden">Search</span>
									</button>
								</form>
							</div>
					
							<nav class="o-header__drawer-menu o-header__drawer-menu--primary o-header__drawer-homepage">
					
					
								<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list">
					
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item" data-trackable="edition-switcher">
												<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link" href="/?edition=uk" data-trackable="uk">Switch to UK Edition</a>
											</li>
								</ul>
					
								<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list">
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item o-header__drawer-menu-item--heading">Top sections</li>
					
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
														<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--selected" href="/" aria-label="Home, current page" aria-current="page" data-trackable="Home">Home</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world"  data-trackable="World">World</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-1" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | World">
																	Show more World
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-1" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/global-economy"  data-trackable="Global Economy">Global Economy</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/uk"  data-trackable="UK">UK</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/us"  data-trackable="US">US</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/asia-pacific/china"  data-trackable="China">China</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/africa"  data-trackable="Africa">Africa</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/asia-pacific"  data-trackable="Asia Pacific">Asia Pacific</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/emerging-markets"  data-trackable="Emerging Markets">Emerging Markets</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/europe"  data-trackable="Europe">Europe</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/americas"  data-trackable="Americas">Americas</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/mideast"  data-trackable="Middle East and North Africa">Middle East and North Africa</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/us"  data-trackable="US">US</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-2" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | US">
																	Show more US
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-2" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/us-economy"  data-trackable="US Economy">US Economy</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/world/us/politics"  data-trackable="US Politics &amp; Policy">US Politics &amp; Policy</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/us"  data-trackable="US Companies">US Companies</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies"  data-trackable="Companies">Companies</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-3" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Companies">
																	Show more Companies
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-3" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/energy"  data-trackable="Energy">Energy</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/financials"  data-trackable="Financials">Financials</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/health"  data-trackable="Health">Health</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/industrials"  data-trackable="Industrials">Industrials</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/media"  data-trackable="Media">Media</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/professional-services"  data-trackable="Professional Services">Professional Services</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/retail-consumer"  data-trackable="Retail &amp; Consumer">Retail &amp; Consumer</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/technology"  data-trackable="Tech Sector">Tech Sector</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/telecoms"  data-trackable="Telecoms">Telecoms</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/companies/transport"  data-trackable="Transport">Transport</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
														<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/technology"  data-trackable="Tech">Tech</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/markets"  data-trackable="Markets">Markets</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-5" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Markets">
																	Show more Markets
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-5" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/fastft"  data-trackable="fastFT">fastFT</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://ftalphaville.ft.com"  data-trackable="Alphaville">Alphaville</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://markets.ft.com/data"  data-trackable="Markets Data">Markets Data</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/capital-markets"  data-trackable="Capital Markets">Capital Markets</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/commodities"  data-trackable="Commodities">Commodities</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/currencies"  data-trackable="Currencies">Currencies</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/equities"  data-trackable="Equities">Equities</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/fund-management"  data-trackable="Fund Management">Fund Management</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/ft-trading-room"  data-trackable="Trading">Trading</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/moral-money"  data-trackable="Moral Money">Moral Money</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
														<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/graphics"  data-trackable="Graphics">Graphics</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/opinion"  data-trackable="Opinion">Opinion</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-7" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Opinion">
																	Show more Opinion
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-7" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/columnists"  data-trackable="Columnists">Columnists</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/ft-view"  data-trackable="The FT View">The FT View</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/the-big-read"  data-trackable="The Big Read">The Big Read</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/instant-insight"  data-trackable="Instant Insight">Instant Insight</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/lex"  data-trackable="Lex">Lex</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://ftalphaville.ft.com"  data-trackable="Alphaville">Alphaville</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/obituaries"  data-trackable="Obituaries">Obituaries</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/letters"  data-trackable="Letters">Letters</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/work-careers"  data-trackable="Work &amp; Careers">Work &amp; Careers</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-8" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Work &amp; Careers">
																	Show more Work &amp; Careers
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-8" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/rankings"  data-trackable="Business School Rankings">Business School Rankings</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/business-education"  data-trackable="Business Education">Business Education</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/entrepreneurship"  data-trackable="Entrepreneurship">Entrepreneurship</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/recruitment"  data-trackable="Recruitment">Recruitment</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/business-books"  data-trackable="Business Books">Business Books</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/business-travel"  data-trackable="Business Travel">Business Travel</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/life-arts"  data-trackable="Life &amp; Arts">Life &amp; Arts</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-9" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Life &amp; Arts">
																	Show more Life &amp; Arts
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-9" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/arts"  data-trackable="Arts">Arts</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/books"  data-trackable="Books">Books</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/food-drink"  data-trackable="Food &amp; Drink">Food &amp; Drink</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/magazine"  data-trackable="FT Magazine">FT Magazine</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/house-home"  data-trackable="House &amp; Home">House &amp; Home</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/style"  data-trackable="Style">Style</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/travel"  data-trackable="Travel">Travel</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/globetrotter"  data-trackable="FT Globetrotter">FT Globetrotter</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
															<div class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle-wrapper">
																<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--parent o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance"  data-trackable="Personal Finance">Personal Finance</a>
																<button class="o-header__drawer-menu-toggle o-header__drawer-menu-toggle--unselected" aria-controls="o-header-drawer-child-10" data-trackable="sub-level-toggle | Personal Finance">
																	Show more Personal Finance
																</button>
															</div>
															<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list o-header__drawer-menu-list--child" id="o-header-drawer-child-10" data-trackable="sub-level">
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/mortgages"  data-trackable="Property &amp; Mortgages">Property &amp; Mortgages</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/investments"  data-trackable="Investments">Investments</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/pensions"  data-trackable="Pensions">Pensions</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/tax"  data-trackable="Tax">Tax</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/banking-savings"  data-trackable="Banking &amp; Savings">Banking &amp; Savings</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/personal-finance/advice-commment"  data-trackable="Advice &amp; Comment">Advice &amp; Comment</a>
																</li>
																<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
																	<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--child o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/next-act"  data-trackable="Next Act">Next Act</a>
																</li>
															</ul>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
														<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://howtospendit.ft.com/"  data-trackable="How to Spend It">How to Spend It</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
														<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/special-reports"  data-trackable="Special Reports">Special Reports</a>
												</li>
					
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item o-header__drawer-menu-item--heading">FT recommends</li>
					
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/lex"  data-trackable="Lex">Lex</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://ftalphaville.ft.com"  data-trackable="Alphaville">Alphaville</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/emerging-markets/em-squared"  data-trackable="EM Squared">EM Squared</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/lunch-with-the-ft"  data-trackable="Lunch with the FT">Lunch with the FT</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/globetrotter"  data-trackable="FT Globetrotter">FT Globetrotter</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://www.ft.com/tech-scroll-asia"  data-trackable="Tech Scroll Asia">Tech Scroll Asia</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/moral-money"  data-trackable="Moral Money">Moral Money</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/ftfm"  data-trackable="FTfm">FTfm</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/newsletters"  data-trackable="Newsletters">Newsletters</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/video"  data-trackable="Video">Video</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://www.ft.com/podcasts"  data-trackable="Podcasts">Podcasts</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/news-feed"  data-trackable="News feed">News feed</a>
												</li>
					
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item o-header__drawer-menu-item--divide">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--secondary o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="/myft"  data-trackable="myFT">myFT</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item ">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--secondary o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://markets.ft.com/data/portfolio/dashboard"  data-trackable="Portfolio">Portfolio</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item ">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--secondary o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://www.ft.com/todaysnewspaper"  data-trackable="Today&#x27;s Newspaper (ePaper)">Today&#x27;s Newspaper (ePaper)</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item ">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--secondary o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://www.ft.com/crossword"  data-trackable="Crossword">Crossword</a>
												</li>
												<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item ">
													<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link o-header__drawer-menu-link--secondary o-header__drawer-menu-link--unselected" href="https://www.ft.com/tour/apps"  data-trackable="Our Apps">Our Apps</a>
												</li>
								</ul>
							</nav>
					
							<nav class="o-header__drawer-menu o-header__drawer-menu--user" data-trackable="user-nav">
								<ul class="o-header__drawer-menu-list">
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
												<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link" href="http://help.ft.com" data-trackable="Help Centre">Help Centre</a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
												<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link" href="/products?segmentId&#x3D;d290332b-e8e8-d29b-2ff4-2019b13f008a" data-trackable="Subscribe">Subscribe</a>
											</li>
											<li class="o-header__drawer-menu-item">
												<a class="o-header__drawer-menu-link" href="/login?location&#x3D;/" data-trackable="Sign In">Sign In</a>
											</li>
								</ul>
							</nav>
						</div>
					</div>			</div>
		</div>
	<script>
		(function(){var w=window;var doc=document;var preloadSupported=function(){try{return doc.createElement("link").relList.supports("preload")}catch(e){return false}}();function onloadCSS(ss,callback){var called;function newcb(){if(!called&&callback){called=true;callback.call(ss)}}if(ss.addEventListener){ss.addEventListener("load",newcb)}if(ss.attachEvent){ss.attachEvent("onload",newcb)}if("isApplicationInstalled"in navigator&&"onloadcssdefined"in ss){ss.onloadcssdefined(newcb)}}w.loadCSS=function(href,before,media){var ss=doc.createElement("link");var ref;if(before){ref=before}else{var refs=(doc.body||doc.getElementsByTagName("head")[0]).childNodes;ref=refs[refs.length-1]}var sheets=doc.styleSheets;ss.rel="stylesheet";ss.href=href;ss.media="only x";function ready(cb){if(doc.body){return cb()}setTimeout(function(){ready(cb)})}ready(function(){ref.parentNode.insertBefore(ss,before?ref:ref.nextSibling)});var onloadcssdefined=function(cb){var resolvedHref=ss.href;var i=sheets.length;while(i--){if(sheets[i].href===resolvedHref){return cb()}}setTimeout(function(){onloadcssdefined(cb)})};function loadCB(){if(ss.addEventListener){ss.removeEventListener("load",loadCB)}ss.media=media||"all"}if(ss.addEventListener){ss.addEventListener("load",loadCB)}ss.onloadcssdefined=onloadcssdefined;onloadcssdefined(loadCB);return ss};var allLinks=doc.getElementsByTagName("link");var link,newLink;for(var i=0;i<allLinks.length;i++){link=allLinks[i];if(link.rel==="preload"&&link.getAttribute("as")==="style"){if(preloadSupported){onloadCSS(link,function(){this.rel="stylesheet";w.FT.cssFileLoaded()})}else{newLink=w.loadCSS(link.href,link);link.rel=null;onloadCSS(newLink,function(){w.FT.cssFileLoaded()})}}}})();	window.FT.flags = {"articleRelatedContent":true,"ads":true,"javascript":true,"oTracking":true,"articleComments":true,"dummyFlag":false,"liveStreams":true,"articleScrollDepthTracking":true,"frontPageHeaderMarketsData":true,"aaa":false,"myFtApi":true,"streamOpenArticleInStream":true,"aa":false,"articleShareButtons":true,"floodlight":false,"sourcepoint":true,"contextualAdTargeting":true,"customStreamFragments":true,"streamBrandsDesign":true,"frontPageLayout":false,"frontPageMyFtSection":true,"myFtApiWrite":true,"adTargetingUserApi":true,"videoPlayerAdvertising":true,"streamMostRead":true,"serviceWorker":true,"openGraph":true,"googleConsumerSurvey":true,"nativeAds":true,"myFTCollections":true,"preflightCookieTracking":true,"nativeAdsArticle":true,"myFtDigestPromo":true,"regionalNews":true,"horizontalFastFT":true,"newSchema":true,"syndication":true,"myFTEmailDisableABAlloc":true,"adCounterBlocking":false,"ftlabsAudioPlayer":true,"swQAVariant":false,"nativeAdsStreamPage":true,"registeredAdBlockingCohort":false,"streamRecommendedStoriesList":true,"fullBleedGraphics":true,"nativeAdsFrontPage":true,"frontPageInteractiveGraphics":false,"barrierGuruStickiness":true,"conversionSandbox":false,"subsB2cAdBlockingCohort":false,"subscriberCohort":false,"myFtNoContentDigests":true,"premiumCohort":false,"swAssetCaching":true,"generatedAudioPlayer":false,"onboardingMessaging":false,"syndicationMaintenance":false,"swCanaryRelease":false,"refererCohort":true,"newsletterSignupOnArticle":true,"myFTInstantNotifications":true,"myFtColdStart":true,"myftPrioritiseTopics":true,"prospectCohort":false,"controlCentrePreferencesPage":false,"messageSlotTop":"printBannerUsa","myftOnboardingPromo":false,"mobileStickyHeader":true,"preflightForceSecureTokens":true,"myftPrioritiseTopicsOnHomepage":true,"myftIndustryRecs":true,"qualtrics":true,"googleSiteVerificationMeta":true,"showEventPromo":true,"hideOutboundLinks":false,"conversionSandboxHelpers":false,"myftDisableProfiling":false,"myftConsentSwitch":true,"disablePaywall":false,"conversionDebugging":false,"controlCentreUseTestAPIs":false,"moatAdsTraffic":true,"manageCookiesWhiteLabel":true,"unreadArticlesIndicator":true,"perfJanky":false,"trialEndCohort":false,"syndicationMigrationComplete":true,"conversionFireAlarm":false,"conversionSwgTrialButton":false,"gdprConsentForAds":true,"fcmSwitch":true,"graphicsPage":true,"myftIndustryRecsFeed":true,"lapsedProspectCohort":false,"activeProspectCohort":false,"adsEnableTestCreatives":false,"myftIndustryRecsStream":true,"myftArticleInstantAlertsCta":true,"xFollowButton":false,"searchHighlighting":true,"manageCookiesUnsavedChangesMessage":false,"searchBoostPackages":true,"myftDataScienceRecommendations":false,"liveagentTestConfig":false,"b2bLiveChat":true,"knowledgeBuilderLandingPage":true,"adsInizioSurvey":true,"trailMarketingPage":false,"topicTracker_UIDemo":false,"searchRelevantSpecialReports":true,"searchRelevantTopics":true,"searchPageAudioOption":false,"showArticleCTABloc":true,"adsEnableSRA":false,"searchMoveFiltersBeneathSearch":true,"showApplePay":false,"removeCreditCardTypeSelector":true,"teamTrialTest":false,"ovidePodcastPubguard":false,"knowledgeBuilderMyft":true,"blockCsrf":false,"priceIncreaseTest":false,"topicTracker_MyftSlice":true,"AdsHighImpactFormatMvt":false,"myftOfferInstantAlertNotifications":true,"AdsPermutive":true,"commentsTalkReplacement":false,"AdsIHSindexBasedTargeting":true,"adsDisableMetricsSampling":true,"commentsUseCoralTalk":true,"MMAManageSmokeTest":true,"topicTracker_RecommendationsTest":false,"syndication_promo":true,"topicTracker":true,"messageSlotBottom":"cookieConsentC","BonsaiTiger3DSOptIn":false,"xteaserpagesv2":"variant","topicTracker_Scores":false,"myftTopicTrackerLink":true,"showPodcastLaunchers":true,"pauseLiveStreams":true,"enableGTM":true,"myFT_HeaderTooltip":false,"myFT_HigherHomePageSlice":false,"globetrotter":"true","dynamicBarrierTestThree":false,"MyFT_DisengagedTooltipsTest":false,"commentsUseStaging":false,"myftUnreadFavicon":true,"followmyFTABTest":false,"myftNewNewLabel":true,"myftNewUnreadIndicator":true,"subsaleProductsTest":false,"b2bBarrierPricingTest":false,"accountSettings":false,"MyFT_UnreadArticlesIndicatorPolling":true,"myftBoldNewArticles":true,"BonsaiCopyTest2":false,"adsAppLazyloadingThresholdsMVT":false,"MyFT_FeedReadingTime":false,"isDirectPropensityCohort":"variant","myftPageAppNotificationsToggle":false,"usNewsletterPromo":false,"TopicTracker_DigestEmailSorting":false,"promoteTSA":false,"manageCancellationJourney":false,"commentsMaintenanceMode":false,"priceExpression":false,"newSaveMeJourney":true,"cancellationBenefitsPage":false,"androidactionbar":false,"htsi":false,"renameCompaniesToBusiness":false,"realUserMonitoringForPerformance":true,"priceIncreaseTest2020":"10Standard_0Premium","AdsNewFormatMvt":false,"usGrowthNewsletterPromotions":false,"teaser-test-d4419bd8-3860-11ea-ac3c-f68c10993b04":"variant1","teaser-test-4f559a0e-3852-11ea-a6d3-9a26f8c3cba4":"variant2"};
			window.FT.nUiConfig = {"preset":"complete","features":{"lazyLoadImages":true,"feedback":true}};
		window.FT.isAnonymous = true;
		(function () {
	
			function loadError (err) {
				window.FT.disableOErrors = true;
				var img = new Image();
				img.src = 'https://spoor-api.ft.com/px.gif?data=%7B%22category%22%3A%22javascript%22%2C%22action%22%3A%22load-error%22%2C%22system%22%3A%7B%22source%22%3A%22non-ctm%22%7D%2C%22user%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22context%22%3A%7B%22product%22%3A%22next%22%2C%22script%22%3A%22' + encodeURIComponent(err.target.src) + '%22%7D%7D';
				throw new URIError('Failed to load ' + err.target.src + ': falling back to core experience.');
			};
	
			function loadScript (src, stopsExecutionOnLoadError) {
				var script = document.createElement('script');
				script.async = false;
				script.src = src;
				if (stopsExecutionOnLoadError) {
					script.onerror = loadError;
				}
				document.head.appendChild(script);
			};
	
			if (cutsTheMustard) {
					loadScript('https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/polyfill/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default,requestAnimationFrame,Promise,matchMedia,HTMLPictureElement,fetch,Array.prototype.find,Array.prototype.findIndex,Array.prototype.includes,Array.prototype.@@iterator,IntersectionObserver,Map,Set,Array.from,NodeList.prototype.forEach,NodeList.prototype.@@iterator,EventSource,Number.isInteger,Object.entries,String.prototype.padStart,String.prototype.padEnd&flags=gated&source=next&unknown=polyfill&cb=1552915810', true);
					loadScript('//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/6dad81a4/font-loader.js', false);
					loadScript('//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/189a579a/o-errors.js', false);
					loadScript('//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/n-ui/03b52c80/appshell.js', true);
					loadScript('//www.ft.com/__assets/hashed/front-page/024db7aa/main.js', true);
			} else {
				loadScript('https://www.ft.com/__origami/service/polyfill/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=HTMLPictureElement|always|gated&source=next&unknown=polyfill&cb=1552915810');
			}
		})()
	</script>
		<script>
			(function () {
				if (!cutsTheMustard) {
					var img = new Image();
					img.src = 'https://spoor-api.ft.com/px.gif?data%3d%7b%22category%22%3a%22page%22%2c%22action%22%3a%22view%22%2c%22system%22%3a%7b%22source%22%3a%22non-ctm%22%7d%2c%22user%22%3a%7b%7d%2c%22context%22%3a%7b%22product%22%3a%22next%22%2c%22app%22%3a%22front-page%22%2c%22data%22%3a%7b%22source%22%3a%22cuts-the-mustard-check%22%7d%7d%7d';
				}
			})();
		</script>
		<noscript data-o-component="o-tracking">
			<img src="https://spoor-api.ft.com/px.gif?data%3d%7b%22category%22%3a%22page%22%2c%22action%22%3a%22view%22%2c%22system%22%3a%7b%22source%22%3a%22non-ctm%22%7d%2c%22user%22%3a%7b%7d%2c%22context%22%3a%7b%22product%22%3a%22next%22%2c%22app%22%3a%22front-page%22%2c%22data%22%3a%7b%22source%22%3a%22noscript%22%7d%7d%7d"/>
		</noscript>

		<div id="brandmetrics-survey" class="brandmetrics-survey">
			<script>
				window._brandmetrics = window._brandmetrics || [];
				window._brandmetrics.push(
					{ cmd: "_loadsurvey" }
				);
			</script>
		</div>	</body>
</html>

Report ID

20200118T025434Z_AS10796_M0bQo41G9CF2By7Mk2QRMjHT70fwIIiLlDjYEoAnsPAabJpJpQ

Platform

ios

OONI Probe version

2.2.0

Measurement Kit version

0.10.6

Raw Measurement Data