OK
http://www.darknet.org.uk/
Unknown
Country
AS0
Network
June 27, 2020, 12:31 AM UTC
Date & Time
Websites
Websites
Web Connectivity Test
Runtime: 2.8s

On June 27, 2020, 12:31 AM UTC, http://www.darknet.org.uk/ was accessible when tested on AS0 in Unknown.

Failures

HTTP Experiment
null
DNS Experiment
null
Control
null

DNS Queries

Resolver:
212.18.32.110
Query:
IN A www.darknet.org.uk
Engine:
Name
Class
TTL
Type
DATA
@
IN
TTL
CNAME
darknet.org.uk
@
IN
TTL
A
45.79.65.87

TCP Connections

Connection to 45.79.65.87:80 succeeded.

HTTP Requests

URL
GET https://www.darknet.org.uk/
Response Headers
X-Powered-By:
W3 Total Cache/0.14.0
Accept-Ranges:
bytes
Expires:
Sat, 27 Jun 2020 02:02:26 GMT
Server:
nginx/1.15.9
Last-Modified:
Fri, 26 Jun 2020 23:14:46 GMT
ETag:
"5ef68166-5a58"
Link:
<https://www.darknet.org.uk/>; rel="canonical"
Pragma:
public
Cache-Control:
max-age=3600
Date:
Sat, 27 Jun 2020 01:02:26 GMT
Content-Type:
text/html
Response Body
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<title>Darknet - Hacking Tools, Hacker News &amp; Cyber Security</title>

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<article class="post-5456 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-hacking-tools tag-rat tag-remote-administration-tool">
	<header>
		<h1 class="title entry-title"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/05/quasar-rat-windows-remote-administration-tool/" rel="bookmark" title="Quasar RAT &#8211; Windows Remote Administration Tool">Quasar RAT &#8211; Windows Remote Administration Tool</a></h1>	</header>
<div class="post-meta">Last updated: May 28, 2020 | 2,953 views <span class="post-comments comments"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/05/quasar-rat-windows-remote-administration-tool/#respond"><i class="fa fa-comment"></i> 0</a></span>  </div>
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	    <p>Quasar is a fast and light-weight Windows remote administration tool coded in C#. The usage ranges from user support through day-to-day administrative work to employee monitoring.</p>
<p><img src="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Quasar-RAT-Windows-Remote-Administration-Tool-640x440.png" alt="Quasar RAT - Windows Remote Administration Tool" width="640" height="440" class="aligncenter size-medium wp-image-5459" srcset="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Quasar-RAT-Windows-Remote-Administration-Tool-640x440.png 640w, https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Quasar-RAT-Windows-Remote-Administration-Tool.png 946w" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" /></p>
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<p>It aims to provide high stability and an easy-to-use user interface and is a free, open source tool.</p>
<h2>Features of Quasar RAT Windows Remote Administration Tool</h2>
<p>The main features that can be found in Quasar are:</p>
<ul>
<li>    TCP network stream (IPv4 & IPv6 support)</li>
<li>    Fast network serialization (Protocol Buffers)</li>
<li>    Compressed (QuickLZ) & Encrypted (TLS) communication</li>
<li>    UPnP Support</li>
<li>    Task Manager</li>
<li>    File Manager</li>
<li>    Startup Manager</li>
<li>    Remote Desktop</li>
<li>    Remote Shell</li>
<li>    Remote Execution</li>
<li>    System Information</li>
<li>    Registry Editor</li>
<li>    System Power Commands (Restart, Shutdown, Standby)</li>
<li>    Keylogger (Unicode Support)</li>
<li>    Reverse Proxy (SOCKS5)</li>
<li>    Password Recovery (Common Browsers and FTP Clients)</li>
</ul>
<h3>Using Quasar Windows Remote Administration Tool</h3>
<p><strong>1. Download Quasar</strong></p>
<p>Usually most users want the stable version of Quasar, which can be found on the releases page. Bleeding edge versions with latest features, improvements and bug-fixes can are located at the CI server. These builds should be used with caution as they may contain critical bugs.</p>
<p><strong>2. Building a Client</strong></p>
<p>After starting Quasar.exe for the first time, you will need to build a client for deployment. Use the button Builder at the top of the Quasar application to start the client configuration. After configuring the client for your needs, click the Build button and choose a location to save the built client.</p>
<p><strong>3. Connecting the Server and Client</strong></p>
<p>The standalone client from the previous step has to be deployed on the computers of the users. Simply executing the client on the computers is enough. The client will take care of the installation, startup, etc… Once installed the client will try to connect to your Server on the specified host-name and port. It might be necessary to set up port forwarding to your local Server if it is behind a firewall in your network. You can use automatic forwarding with UPnP in the settings if it’s being supported by your firewall/router.</p>
<p>You can download Quasar here:</p>
<p><a href="https://github.com/quasar/QuasarRAT/releases/download/v1.3.0.0/Quasar.v1.3.0.0.zip">Quasar.v1.3.0.0.zip</a></p>
<p>Or read more <a href="https://github.com/quasar/QuasarRAT">here</a>.</p>
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<article class="post-5427 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-security-software tag-active-directory">
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		<h1 class="title entry-title"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/05/pingcastle-active-directory-security-assessment-tool/" rel="bookmark" title="Pingcastle &#8211; Active Directory Security Assessment Tool">Pingcastle &#8211; Active Directory Security Assessment Tool</a></h1>	</header>
<div class="post-meta">Last updated: May 19, 2020 | 2,597 views <span class="post-comments comments"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/05/pingcastle-active-directory-security-assessment-tool/#comments"><i class="fa fa-comment"></i> 1</a></span>  </div>
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	    <p>PingCastle is a Active Directory Security Assessment Tool designed to quickly assess the Active Directory security level with a methodology based on a risk assessment and maturity framework. It does not aim at a perfect evaluation but rather as an efficiency compromise.</p>
<p><img src="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Pingcastle-Active-Directory-Security-Assessment-Tool-640x436.png" alt="Pingcastle - Active Directory Security Assessment Tool" width="640" height="436" class="aligncenter size-medium wp-image-5451" srcset="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Pingcastle-Active-Directory-Security-Assessment-Tool-640x436.png 640w, https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Pingcastle-Active-Directory-Security-Assessment-Tool.png 1022w" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" /></p>
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<p>The risk level regarding Active Directory security has changed. Several vulnerabilities have been made popular with tools like <a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2015/07/mimikatz-gather-windows-credentials/">mimikatz</a> or sites likes adsecurity.org.</p>
<p>CMMI is a well known methodology from the Carnegie Mellon university to evaluate the maturity with a grade from 1 to 5, PingCastle has adapated CMMI to Active Directory security.</p>
<p>The aim of the tool is to get you to 80% AD security in 20% of the time it would traditionally take.</p>
<h2>PingCastle Active Directory Security Assessment Tool Features</h2>
<p><strong>Health Check</strong></p>
<p>This is the default report produced by PingCastle. It quickly collects the most important information of the Active Directory and establish an overview. Based on a model and rules, it evaluates the score of the sub-processes of the Active Directory. Then it reports the risks.</p>
<p><strong>Active Directory map</strong></p>
<p>This report produce a map of all Active Directory that PingCastle knows about. This map is built based on existing health check reports or when none is available, via a special mode collecting the required information as fast as possible.</p>
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<p><strong>Deploy and collect reports</strong></p>
<p>Monitoring domains from a bastion can be easy. But for those without network connection it might be difficult. There are many deployment strategies available with PingCastle.</p>
<p><strong>Consolidation</strong></p>
<p>When multiple reports of PingCastle have been collected, they can be regrouped in a single report. This facilitates the benchmark of all domains.</p>
<p><strong>Scanner</strong></p>
<p>Checking workstations for local admin privileges, open shares, startup time is usually complex and requires an admin. PingCastle’s scanner bypass these classic limits.</p>
<h3>Using Pingcastle Active Directory Security Assessment Tool</h3>
<p></p><!-- Crayon Syntax Highlighter v_2.7.2_beta -->



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  |:.      PingCastle (Version 2.5.2.0)
  |  #:.   Get Active Directory Security at 80% in 20% of the time
  # @@  &gt;  End of support: 31/07/2020
  | @@@:
  : .#                                 Vincent LE TOUX (contact@pingcastle.com)
  .:                                                 https://www.pingcastle.com
Using interactive mode.
Do not forget that there are other command line switches like --help that you can use
What you would like to do?
  1-healthcheck-Score the risk of a domain
  2-graph      -Analyze admin groups and delegations
  3-conso      -Aggregate multiple reports into a single one
  4-nullsession-Perform a specific security check
  5-carto      -Build a map of all interconnected domains
  6-scanner    -Perform specific security checks on workstations</textarea></div>
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					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-1">1</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-2">2</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-3">3</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-4">4</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-5">5</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-6">6</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-7">7</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-8">8</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-9">9</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-10">10</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-11">11</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-12">12</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-13">13</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-14">14</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-15">15</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-1"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">|</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-e">PingCastle</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">(</span><span class="crayon-i">Version</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-cn">2.5.2.0</span><span class="crayon-sy">)</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-2"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">|</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-p">#:.&nbsp;&nbsp; Get Active Directory Security at 80% in 20% of the time</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-3"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-p"># @@&nbsp;&nbsp;&gt;&nbsp;&nbsp;End of support: 31/07/2020</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-4"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">|</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">@</span><span class="crayon-sy">@</span><span class="crayon-sy">@</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-5"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-p">#&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Vincent LE TOUX (contact@pingcastle.com)</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-6"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="crayon-v">https</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-c">//www.pingcastle.com</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-7"><span class="crayon-e">Using </span><span class="crayon-e">interactive </span><span class="crayon-v">mode</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-8"><span class="crayon-st">Do</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-st">not</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">forget </span><span class="crayon-e">that </span><span class="crayon-e">there </span><span class="crayon-e">are </span><span class="crayon-e">other </span><span class="crayon-e">command </span><span class="crayon-e">line </span><span class="crayon-e">switches </span><span class="crayon-v">like</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">--</span><span class="crayon-e">help </span><span class="crayon-e">that </span><span class="crayon-e">you </span><span class="crayon-e">can </span><span class="crayon-st">use</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-9"><span class="crayon-e">What </span><span class="crayon-e">you </span><span class="crayon-e">would </span><span class="crayon-e">like </span><span class="crayon-st">to</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-st">do</span><span class="crayon-sy">?</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-10"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">1</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">healthcheck</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Score </span><span class="crayon-e">the </span><span class="crayon-e">risk </span><span class="crayon-i">of</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">a</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">domain</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-11"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">2</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">graph</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Analyze </span><span class="crayon-e">admin </span><span class="crayon-e">groups </span><span class="crayon-st">and</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">delegations</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-12"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">3</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">conso</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Aggregate </span><span class="crayon-e">multiple </span><span class="crayon-e">reports </span><span class="crayon-i">into</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">a</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">single </span><span class="crayon-i">one</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-13"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">4</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">nullsession</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-i">Perform</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">a</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">specific </span><span class="crayon-e">security </span><span class="crayon-i">check</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-14"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">5</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">carto</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-i">Build</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">a</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">map </span><span class="crayon-e">of </span><span class="crayon-e">all </span><span class="crayon-e">interconnected </span><span class="crayon-i">domains</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cb68b581920038-15"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-cn">6</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">scanner</span><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Perform </span><span class="crayon-e">specific </span><span class="crayon-e">security </span><span class="crayon-e">checks </span><span class="crayon-e">on </span><span class="crayon-v">workstations</span></div></div></td>
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			</div>
		</div>
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<p></p>
<p>You can download Pingcastle here:</p>
<p><a href="https://github.com/vletoux/pingcastle/releases/download/2.8.1.0/PingCastle_2.8.1.0.zip">PingCastle_2.8.1.0.zip</a></p>
<p>Or read more <a href="https://github.com/vletoux/pingcastle">here</a>.</p>
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		<h1 class="title entry-title"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/04/second-order-subdomain-takeover-scanner-tool/" rel="bookmark" title="Second Order &#8211; Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool">Second Order &#8211; Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool</a></h1>	</header>
<div class="post-meta">Last updated: April 30, 2020 | 2,312 views <span class="post-comments comments"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/04/second-order-subdomain-takeover-scanner-tool/#respond"><i class="fa fa-comment"></i> 0</a></span>  </div>
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	    <p>Second Order Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool scans web applications for second-order subdomain takeover by crawling the application and collecting URLs (and other data) that match specific rules or respond in a specific way.</p>
<p><img src="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Second-Order-Subdomain-Takeover-Scanner-Tool-640x328.png" alt="Second Order - Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool" width="640" height="328" class="aligncenter size-medium wp-image-5444" srcset="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Second-Order-Subdomain-Takeover-Scanner-Tool-640x328.png 640w, https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Second-Order-Subdomain-Takeover-Scanner-Tool.png 941w" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" /></p>
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<h2>Using Second Order Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool</h2>
<p>Command line options:</p>
<p></p><!-- Crayon Syntax Highlighter v_2.7.2_beta -->



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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
 -base string
       Base link to start scraping from (default "http://127.0.0.1")
 -config string
       Configuration file (default "config.json")
 -debug
       Print visited links in real-time to stdout
 -output string
       Directory to save results in (default "output")</textarea></div>
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					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-1">1</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-2">2</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-3">3</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-4">4</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-5">5</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-6">6</div><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-7">7</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-8">8</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-1"><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">base </span><span class="crayon-t">string</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-2"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="crayon-e">Base </span><span class="crayon-e">link </span><span class="crayon-st">to</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">start </span><span class="crayon-e">scraping </span><span class="crayon-e">from</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">(</span><span class="crayon-st">default</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-s">"http://127.0.0.1"</span><span class="crayon-sy">)</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-3"><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">config </span><span class="crayon-t">string</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-4"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="crayon-e">Configuration </span><span class="crayon-e">file</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">(</span><span class="crayon-st">default</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-s">"config.json"</span><span class="crayon-sy">)</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-5"><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">debug</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-6"><span class="crayon-e">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="crayon-e">Print </span><span class="crayon-e">visited </span><span class="crayon-e">links </span><span class="crayon-st">in</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">real</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">time </span><span class="crayon-st">to</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">stdout</span></div><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-7"><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">output </span><span class="crayon-t">string</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdf7066766928-8"><span class="crayon-h">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span class="crayon-e">Directory </span><span class="crayon-st">to</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">save </span><span class="crayon-e">results </span><span class="crayon-st">in</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">(</span><span class="crayon-st">default</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-s">"output"</span><span class="crayon-sy">)</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>Example:</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
go run second-order.go -base https://example.com -config config.json -output example.com -concurrency 10</textarea></div>
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					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbdfe240938097-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbdfe240938097-1"><span class="crayon-e">go </span><span class="crayon-e">run </span><span class="crayon-v">second</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">order</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">go</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">base </span><span class="crayon-v">https</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-c">//example.com -config config.json -output example.com -concurrency 10</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<h3>Config File for Second Order Subdomain Takeover Scanner Tool</h3>
<p>Example configuration file included (config.json)</p>
<ul>
<li><strong>Headers:</strong> A map of headers that will be sent with every request.</li>
<li><strong>Depth:</strong> Crawling depth.</li>
<li><strong>LogCrawledURLs:</strong> If this is set to true, Second Order will log the URL of every crawled page.</li>
<li><strong>LogQueries:</strong> A map of tag-attribute queries that will be searched for in crawled pages. For example, “a”: “href” means log every href attribute of every a tag.</li>
<li><strong>LogURLRegex:</strong> A list of regular expressions that will be matched against the URLs that are extracted using the queries in LogQueries; if left empty, all URLs will be logged.</li>
<li><strong>LogNon200Queries:</strong> A map of tag-attribute queries that will be searched for in crawled pages, and logged only if they don’t return a 200 status code.</li>
<li><strong>ExcludedURLRegex:</strong> A list of regular expressions whose matching URLs will not be accessed by the tool.</li>
<li><strong>ExcludedStatusCodes:</strong> A list of status codes; if any page responds with one of these, it will be excluded from the results of LogNon200Queries; if left empty, all non-200 pages’ URLs will be logged.</li>
<li><strong>LogInlineJS:</strong> If this is set to true, Second Order will log the contents of every script tag that doesn’t have a src attribute.</li>
</ul>
<p>You can download Second Order here:</p>
<p>Or read more <a href="https://github.com/mhmdiaa/second-order">here</a>.</p>
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<article class="post-5436 post type-post status-publish format-standard has-post-thumbnail hentry category-hardware-hacking tag-firmware-security">
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		<h1 class="title entry-title"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/2020/04/binwalk-firmware-security-analysis-extraction-tool/" rel="bookmark" title="Binwalk &#8211; Firmware Security Analysis &#038; Extraction Tool">Binwalk &#8211; Firmware Security Analysis &#038; Extraction Tool</a></h1>	</header>
<div class="post-meta">Last updated: April 15, 2020 | 3,870 views   </div>
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	    <p>Binwalk is a fast and easy to use Python-based firmware security analysis tool that allows for firmware analysis, reverse engineering, and extraction of firmware images.</p>
<p><img src="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Binwalk-Firmware-Security-Analysis-Extraction-Tool-640x335.png" alt="Binwalk - Firmware Security Analysis & Extraction Tool" width="640" height="335" class="aligncenter size-medium wp-image-5439" srcset="https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Binwalk-Firmware-Security-Analysis-Extraction-Tool-640x335.png 640w, https://cdn.darknet.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Binwalk-Firmware-Security-Analysis-Extraction-Tool.png 741w" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" /></p>
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<h2>Features of Binwalk Firmware Security Analysis & Extraction Tool</h2>
<ul>
<li>Scanning Firmware – Binwalk can scan a firmware image for many different embedded file types and file systems</li>
<li>File Extraction – You can tell binwalk to extract any files that it finds in the firmware image</li>
<li>Entropy Analysis – Can help identify interesting sections of data inside a firmware image</li>
<li>String Search – Allows you to search the specified file(s) for a custom string</li>
</ul>
<p>There are also various filters such as by CPU architecture, number of instructions, include filter, exclude filter, </p>
<h2>Installation of Binwalk Firmware Security Analysis & Extraction Tool</h2>
<p>Download binwalk:</p>
<p></p><!-- Crayon Syntax Highlighter v_2.7.2_beta -->



		<div id="crayon-5ef68165cbffb096370092" class="crayon-syntax crayon-theme-classic crayon-font-monaco crayon-os-pc print-yes notranslate" data-settings=" minimize scroll-mouseover" style=" margin-top: 12px; margin-bottom: 12px; ">
		
			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ wget https://github.com/ReFirmLabs/binwalk/archive/master.zip
$ unzip master.zip</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbffb096370092-1">1</div><div class="crayon-num crayon-striped-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cbffb096370092-2">2</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbffb096370092-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">wget </span><span class="crayon-v">https</span><span class="crayon-o">:</span><span class="crayon-c">//github.com/ReFirmLabs/binwalk/archive/master.zip</span></div><div class="crayon-line crayon-striped-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cbffb096370092-2"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">unzip </span><span class="crayon-v">master</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">zip</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>Install binwalk; if you have a previously installed version of binwalk, it is suggested that you uninstall it before upgrading:</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ (cd binwalk-master &amp;&amp; sudo python setup.py uninstall &amp;&amp; sudo python setup.py install)</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc001010849797-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc001010849797-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">(</span><span class="crayon-e">cd </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">master</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">&amp;&amp;</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">sudo </span><span class="crayon-e">python </span><span class="crayon-v">setup</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-e">py </span><span class="crayon-v">uninstall</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">&amp;&amp;</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-e">sudo </span><span class="crayon-e">python </span><span class="crayon-v">setup</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-e">py </span><span class="crayon-v">install</span><span class="crayon-sy">)</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>Debian users can install all optional and suggested extractors/dependencies using the included deps.sh script (recommended):</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ sudo ./binwalk-master/deps.sh</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
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				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc004742296551-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc004742296551-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-i">sudo</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-o">/</span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-v">master</span><span class="crayon-o">/</span><span class="crayon-v">deps</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">sh</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>If you are not a Debian user, or if you wish to install only selected dependencies, see the <code>INSTALL</code> documentation for more details.</p>
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<h3>Usage of Binwalk Firmware Security Analysis & Extraction Tool</h3>
<h4>File Extraction</h4>
<p>You can tell binwalk to extract any files that it finds in the firmware image with the -e option:</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ binwalk -e firmware.bin</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
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				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc012924875477-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc012924875477-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-i">e</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">firmware</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">bin</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>Binwalk will even recursively scan files as it extracts them if you also specify the -M option:</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ binwalk -Me firmware.bin</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc016808754687-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc016808754687-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Me </span><span class="crayon-v">firmware</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">bin</span></div></div></td>
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<p></p>
<p>And if the -r option is specified, any file signatures that couldn’t be extracted – or that resulted in 0-size files – will be automatically deleted:</p>
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			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ binwalk -Mre firmware.bin</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc018571144698-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc018571144698-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-e">Mre </span><span class="crayon-v">firmware</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">bin</span></div></div></td>
					</tr>
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<p></p>
<p>To extract one specific signature type, specify one or more -D type options:</p>
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		<div id="crayon-5ef68165cc01a105011513" class="crayon-syntax crayon-theme-classic crayon-font-monaco crayon-os-pc print-yes notranslate" data-settings=" minimize scroll-mouseover" style=" margin-top: 12px; margin-bottom: 12px; ">
		
			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ binwalk -D 'png image:png' firmware.bin</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc01a105011513-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc01a105011513-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-i">D</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-s">'png image:png'</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">firmware</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">bin</span></div></div></td>
					</tr>
				</table>
			</div>
		</div>
<!-- [Format Time: 0.0001 seconds] -->
<p></p>
<h4>Entropy Analysis</h4>
<p>What happens if binwalk doesn’t report any signatures? Or, how do you know binwalk didn’t miss anything interesting?</p>
<p>Entropy analysis can help identify interesting sections of data inside a firmware image:</p>
<p></p><!-- Crayon Syntax Highlighter v_2.7.2_beta -->



		<div id="crayon-5ef68165cc01d926219409" class="crayon-syntax crayon-theme-classic crayon-font-monaco crayon-os-pc print-yes notranslate" data-settings=" minimize scroll-mouseover" style=" margin-top: 12px; margin-bottom: 12px; ">
		
			<div class="crayon-toolbar" data-settings=" mouseover overlay hide delay" style=""><span class="crayon-title"></span>
			<div class="crayon-tools" style=""><div class="crayon-button crayon-nums-button" title="Toggle Line Numbers"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-plain-button" title="Toggle Plain Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-wrap-button" title="Toggle Line Wrap"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-expand-button" title="Expand Code"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-copy-button" title="Copy"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div><div class="crayon-button crayon-popup-button" title="Open Code In New Window"><div class="crayon-button-icon"></div></div></div></div>
			<div class="crayon-info" style=""></div>
			<div class="crayon-plain-wrap"><textarea wrap="soft" class="crayon-plain print-no" data-settings="dblclick" readonly style="-moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4; ">
$ binwalk -E firmware.bin</textarea></div>
			<div class="crayon-main" style="">
				<table class="crayon-table">
					<tr class="crayon-row">
				<td class="crayon-nums " data-settings="show">
					<div class="crayon-nums-content" style=""><div class="crayon-num" data-line="crayon-5ef68165cc01d926219409-1">1</div></div>
				</td>
						<td class="crayon-code"><div class="crayon-pre" style=" -moz-tab-size:4; -o-tab-size:4; -webkit-tab-size:4; tab-size:4;"><div class="crayon-line" id="crayon-5ef68165cc01d926219409-1"><span class="crayon-sy">$</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">binwalk</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-o">-</span><span class="crayon-i">E</span><span class="crayon-h"> </span><span class="crayon-v">firmware</span><span class="crayon-sy">.</span><span class="crayon-v">bin</span></div></div></td>
					</tr>
				</table>
			</div>
		</div>
<!-- [Format Time: 0.0001 seconds] -->
<p></p>
<p>You can download Binwalk here:</p>
<p><a href="https://github.com/ReFirmLabs/binwalk/archive/v2.2.0.zip">binwalk-v2.2.0.zip</a></p>
<p>Or read more <a href="https://github.com/ReFirmLabs/binwalk">here</a>.</p>
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	    <p>zBang is a risk assessment tool for Privileged Account Threat Detection on a scanned network, organizations and red teamers can utilize zBang to identify potential attack vectors and improve the security posture of the network. The results can be analyzed with the graphic interface or by reviewing the raw output files. The tool is built [&hellip;]</p>
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	    <p>Memhunter is an Automated Memory Resident Malware Detection tool for the hunting of memory resident malware at scale, improving the threat hunter analysis process and remediation times. It’s a self contained binary that can be deployed and managed at scale, does not use memory dumps and relies purely on memory inspection to do its work. [&hellip;]</p>
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Examples include Wep0ff – Wifi Cracking Tool, Brutus Password Cracker, wwwhack Web Hacking, THC-Hydra Network Login Hacking and pwdump/fgdump Windows Password Dumping Tools.



You can find the latest and best hacking tools below and more on Wikipedia.



Script Kiddie Hacking Tools

There are various tools that are classified as too easy to use, or too automated and these fall into the category of Script Kiddie Tools. These are people who just follow instructions from a manual or tutorial without really understanding the technology or process happening.

Examples of these tools would mainly be password cracking tools like Cain and Abel Password Cracker, Brutus Password Cracker and John the Ripper for Password Cracking.">Hacking Tools</a> (668)
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Examples of network hacking tools include Kismet – Wireless Network Hacking, Sniffing &amp; Monitoring, THC-Hydra – The Fast and Flexible Network Login Hacking Tool, Infernal Twin Updated 2.6.11 – Automated Wireless Hacking Suite and Firesheep – Social Network Session Stealing/Hijacking Tool.



Network hacking would also include WLAN hacking, wifi hacking, wireless hacking, Cisco hacking and so on which would rely on various different types of network hacking software.

Types of Networking Hacking

In this day and age, pretty much all hacking takes place across some kind of network (be it a private network or LAN, the public Internet, a darknet, public radio networks or any other kind).

You can find the best resources and networking hacking tools below.">Networking Hacking Tools</a> (351)
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What is Password Cracking?

As commonly defined:

In cryptanalysis and computer security, password cracking is the process of recovering passwords from data that have been stored in or transmitted by a computer system. A common approach (brute-force attack) is to try guesses repeatedly for the password and check them against an available cryptographic hash of the password.

The purpose of password cracking might be to help a user recover a forgotten password (installing an entirely new password is less of a security risk, but it involves System Administration privileges), to gain unauthorized access to a system, or as a preventive measure by system administrators to check for easily crackable passwords. On a file-by-file basis, password cracking is utilized to gain access to digital evidence for which a judge has allowed access but the particular file&#039;s access is restricted.

From Wikipedia.

The Best Password Cracker Software

We have covered many of the most famous, some great examples are:

-  Brutus Password Cracker – Download brutus-aet2.zip AET2
- THC-Hydra – The Fast and Flexible Network Login Hacking Tool
- Download pwdump 1.4.2 and fgdump 1.3.4 – Windows Password Dumping
- Cain &amp; Abel – Download the Super Fast and Flexible Password Cracker with Network Sniffing
- JTR (Password Cracking) – John the Ripper 1.7 Released – FINALLY
- Ophcrack 2.2 Password Cracker Released
- hashcat – Multi-Threaded Password Hash Cracking Tool
- Medusa 2.0 Released – Parallel Network Login Brute Forcing Tool

And we have also published some related resources such as:

- Password Cracking Wordlists and Tools for Brute Forcing
- Password Cracking with Rainbowcrack and Rainbow Tables ">Password Cracking Tools</a> (103)
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There are a variety of tools to ensure code safety, mostly based on source code auditing and static analysis.

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</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-3504"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/stupid-emails/" title="Low value e-mails I recieve on a regular basis.">Stupid E-mails</a> (6)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-16"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/telecomms-hacking/" title="Telecomms Hacking Articles">Telecomms Hacking</a> (6)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-8"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/unix-hacking/" title="UNIX Hacking Articles">UNIX Hacking</a> (6)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-30"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/virology/" title="Articles about viruses, virus creation, polymorphism and so on.">Virology</a> (6)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-15"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/web-hacking/" title="Web hacking is always the latest headline find web hacking 101, tools, web site hacking, web application hacking and the latest news about website hacking here.



Some examples of web hacking tools are:
- wwwhack 1.9 – wwwhack19.zip Web Hacking Software Free Download
- Wfuzz Download – Web Application Password Cracker
- FLARE – Flash Decompiler to Extract ActionScript
- WebSurgery – Web Application Security Testing Suite

Some examples of web hacking protection are:

- Shadow Daemon – Web Application Firewall">Web Hacking</a> (384)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-4"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/windows-hacking/" title="Windows Hacking Articles">Windows Hacking</a> (169)
</li>
	<li class="cat-item cat-item-3"><a href="https://www.darknet.org.uk/category/wireless-hacking/" title="Wireless Hacking Tools are pieces of software or programs created to help you with wifi hacking or that users can utilise for Hacking Wireless Networks.

Examples include Gerix WiFi Cracker – Wireless 802.11 Hacking Tool With GUI, WepAttack – WLAN 802.11 WEP Key Hacking Tool, Infernal Twin - Automatic Wifi Hacking Tool and Reaver Download – Hack WPS Pin WiFi Networks.





You can find the latest and best wireless hacking tools below and more on Wikipedia.



Hacking Wireless Networks with Android Wireless Hacking Tools

There are various tools for mobile hacking wifi networks using android wifi hacking tools like Hijacker – Reaver For Android Wifi Hacker App and Intercepter-NG - Android App For Hacking.">Wireless Hacking</a> (45)
</li>
		</ul>
			</div><div id="linkcat-33" class="widget widget_links"><h3>Security Blogs</h3>
	<ul class='xoxo blogroll'>
<li><a href="http://ddanchev.blogspot.com/" title="Mind Streams of Information Security Knowledge">Dancho Danchev</a></li>
<li><a href="https://labsblog.f-secure.com/" title="News from the lab.">F-Secure Weblog</a></li>
<li><a href="https://security.googleblog.com" title="Google&#8217;s own Security &amp; Malware Blog">Google Online Security</a></li>
<li><a href="https://www.grahamcluley.com/" title="Award-winning computer security news">Graham Cluley</a></li>
<li><a href="https://isc.sans.edu/" title="SANS Internet Storm Center">Internet Storm Center</a></li>
<li><a href="http://krebsonsecurity.com/" title="Krebs on Security">Krebs on Security</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.schneier.com/" title="A weblog covering security and security technology.">Schneier on Security</a></li>
<li><a href="http://blogs.securiteam.com/" title="SecuriTeam Blog">SecuriTeam Blog</a></li>
<li><a href="http://taosecurity.blogspot.com/" title="Dedicated to FreeBSD, network security monitoring, incident response, and network forensics">TaoSecurity</a></li>
<li><a href="https://www.troyhunt.com/">Troy Hunt</a></li>

	</ul>
</div>
<div id="linkcat-32" class="widget widget_links"><h3>Security Links</h3>
	<ul class='xoxo blogroll'>
<li><a href="http://www.exploit-db.com/" title="Exploits Database by Offensive Security">Exploits Database</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.linuxsecurity.com/" title="The Community&#8217;s Center for Security">Linux Security</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.networkworld.com/topics/security.html" title="Security &#8211; Network World">NetworkWorld &#8211; Security</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/security/" title="Security news and views for the World.">Register &#8211; Security</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.sans.org/" title="SANS Institute">SANS</a></li>
<li><a href="http://seclists.org/" title="Security Mailing Lists Archive">Sec Lists</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.securityfocus.com/" title="Computer Security Research &#038; Articles">Security Focus</a></li>
<li><a href="http://www.cert.org/" title="Computer Emergency Response Team">US CERT</a></li>

	</ul>
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