Anomaly
http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/
HTTP blocking (a blockpage might be served)
Myanmar
Country
AS58952
Network
March 04, 2021, 12:18 PM UTC
Date & Time
Websites
Websites
Runtime: 3.1s

On March 04, 2021, 12:18 PM UTC, http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/ presented signs of HTTP blocking (a blockpage might be served) on AS58952 in Myanmar.

This might mean that http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/ was blocked, but false positives can occur.

Please explore the network measurement data below.

Failures

HTTP Experiment
null
DNS Experiment
null
Control
null

DNS Queries

Resolver:
162.158.161.249
Query:
IN A phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com
Engine:
system
Name
Class
TTL
Type
DATA
@
IN
A
142.251.33.97
Query:
IN AAAA phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com
Engine:
system
Name
Class
TTL
Type
DATA
@
IN
AAAA
2607:f8b0:400a:807::2001

TCP Connections

Connection to 2607:f8b0:400a:807::2001:80 failed.
Connection to 142.251.33.97:80 succeeded.

HTTP Requests

URL
GET http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/
Response Headers
Accept-Ranges:
none
Cache-Control:
private, max-age=0
Content-Type:
text/html; charset=UTF-8
Date:
Thu, 04 Mar 2021 16:20:45 GMT
Expires:
Thu, 04 Mar 2021 16:20:45 GMT
Last-Modified:
Fri, 20 Nov 2020 12:43:54 GMT
Server:
GSE
Vary:
Accept-Encoding
X-Content-Type-Options:
nosniff
X-Xss-Protection:
1; mode=block
Response Body
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html class='v2' dir='ltr' xmlns='http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml' xmlns:b='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/b' xmlns:data='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/data' xmlns:expr='http://www.google.com/2005/gml/expr'>
<head>
<link href='https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/widgets/3416767676-css_bundle_v2.css' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'/>
<link href='http://mmwebfonts.comquas.com/fonts/?font=zawgyi' rel='stylesheet'/>
<meta content='width=1100' name='viewport'/>
<meta content='text/html; charset=UTF-8' http-equiv='Content-Type'/>
<meta content='blogger' name='generator'/>
<link href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/favicon.ico' rel='icon' type='image/x-icon'/>
<link href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/' rel='canonical'/>
<link rel="alternate" type="application/atom+xml" title="&#4145;တ&#4156;႔မ&#4141;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154; - Atom" href="http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default" />
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="&#4145;တ&#4156;႔မ&#4141;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154; - RSS" href="http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default?alt=rss" />
<link rel="service.post" type="application/atom+xml" title="&#4145;တ&#4156;႔မ&#4141;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154; - Atom" href="https://www.blogger.com/feeds/21483949/posts/default" />
<link rel="me" href="https://www.blogger.com/profile/06431679720899255655" />
<!--[if IE]><script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/jsbin/1277698886-ieretrofit.js"></script>
<![endif]-->
<meta content='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/' property='og:url'/>
<meta content='ေတြ႔မိမွတ္မိသမွ်' property='og:title'/>
<meta content='' property='og:description'/>
<!--[if IE]> <script> (function() { var html5 = ("abbr,article,aside,audio,canvas,datalist,details," + "figure,footer,header,hgroup,mark,menu,meter,nav,output," + "progress,section,time,video").split(','); for (var i = 0; i < html5.length; i++) { document.createElement(html5[i]); } try { document.execCommand('BackgroundImageCache', false, true); } catch(e) {} })(); </script> <![endif]-->
<title>&#4145;တ&#4156;႔မ&#4141;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154;</title>
<style id='page-skin-1' type='text/css'><!--
/*
-----------------------------------------------
Blogger Template Style
Name:     Simple
Designer: Josh Peterson
URL:      www.noaesthetic.com
----------------------------------------------- */
/* Variable definitions
====================
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<Group description="Page Text" selector="body">
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<Variable name="body.text.color" description="Text Color" type="color" default="#222222"/>
</Group>
<Group description="Backgrounds" selector=".body-fauxcolumns-outer">
<Variable name="body.background.color" description="Outer Background" type="color" default="#66bbdd"/>
<Variable name="content.background.color" description="Main Background" type="color" default="#ffffff"/>
<Variable name="header.background.color" description="Header Background" type="color" default="transparent"/>
</Group>
<Group description="Links" selector=".main-outer">
<Variable name="link.color" description="Link Color" type="color" default="#2288bb"/>
<Variable name="link.visited.color" description="Visited Color" type="color" default="#888888"/>
<Variable name="link.hover.color" description="Hover Color" type="color" default="#33aaff"/>
</Group>
<Group description="Blog Title" selector=".header h1">
<Variable name="header.font" description="Font" type="font"
default="normal normal 60px Zawgyi-One, Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif"/>
<Variable name="header.text.color" description="Title Color" type="color" default="#3399bb" />
</Group>
<Group description="Blog Description" selector=".header .description">
<Variable name="description.text.color" description="Description Color" type="color"
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<Group description="Tabs Text" selector=".tabs-inner .widget li a">
<Variable name="tabs.font" description="Font" type="font"
default="normal normal 14px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif"/>
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<Variable name="tabs.selected.text.color" description="Selected Color" type="color" default="#000000"/>
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<Group description="Tabs Background" selector=".tabs-outer .PageList">
<Variable name="tabs.background.color" description="Background Color" type="color" default="#f5f5f5"/>
<Variable name="tabs.selected.background.color" description="Selected Color" type="color" default="#eeeeee"/>
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<Group description="Post Title" selector="h3.post-title, .comments h4">
<Variable name="post.title.font" description="Font" type="font"
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<Group description="Date Header" selector=".date-header">
<Variable name="date.header.color" description="Text Color" type="color"
default="#666666"/>
<Variable name="date.header.background.color" description="Background Color" type="color"
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<Group description="Post Footer" selector=".post-footer">
<Variable name="post.footer.text.color" description="Text Color" type="color" default="#666666"/>
<Variable name="post.footer.background.color" description="Background Color" type="color"
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<Group description="Gadgets" selector="h2">
<Variable name="widget.title.font" description="Title Font" type="font"
default="normal bold 11px Zawgyi-One, Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif"/>
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<Variable name="widget.alternate.text.color" description="Alternate Color" type="color" default="#999999"/>
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<Group description="Images" selector=".main-inner">
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<Variable name="image.text.color" description="Caption Text Color" type="color" default="#666666"/>
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<Group description="Accents" selector=".content-inner">
<Variable name="body.rule.color" description="Separator Line Color" type="color" default="#eeeeee"/>
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<Variable name="body.background" description="Body Background" type="background"
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<Variable name="content.padding" description="Content Padding" type="length" default="10px"/>
<Variable name="content.padding.horizontal" description="Content Horizontal Padding" type="length" default="10px"/>
<Variable name="content.shadow.spread" description="Content Shadow Spread" type="length" default="40px"/>
<Variable name="content.shadow.spread.webkit" description="Content Shadow Spread (WebKit)" type="length" default="5px"/>
<Variable name="content.shadow.spread.ie" description="Content Shadow Spread (IE)" type="length" default="10px"/>
<Variable name="main.border.width" description="Main Border Width" type="length" default="0"/>
<Variable name="header.background.gradient" description="Header Gradient" type="url" default="none"/>
<Variable name="header.shadow.offset.left" description="Header Shadow Offset Left" type="length" default="-1px"/>
<Variable name="header.shadow.offset.top" description="Header Shadow Offset Top" type="length" default="-1px"/>
<Variable name="header.shadow.spread" description="Header Shadow Spread" type="length" default="1px"/>
<Variable name="header.padding" description="Header Padding" type="length" default="30px"/>
<Variable name="header.border.size" description="Header Border Size" type="length" default="1px"/>
<Variable name="header.bottom.border.size" description="Header Bottom Border Size" type="length" default="1px"/>
<Variable name="header.border.horizontalsize" description="Header Horizontal Border Size" type="length" default="0"/>
<Variable name="description.text.size" description="Description Text Size" type="string" default="140%"/>
<Variable name="tabs.margin.top" description="Tabs Margin Top" type="length" default="0" />
<Variable name="tabs.margin.side" description="Tabs Side Margin" type="length" default="30px" />
<Variable name="tabs.background.gradient" description="Tabs Background Gradient" type="url"
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<Variable name="tabs.border.width" description="Tabs Border Width" type="length" default="1px"/>
<Variable name="tabs.bevel.border.width" description="Tabs Bevel Border Width" type="length" default="1px"/>
<Variable name="date.header.padding" description="Date Header Padding" type="string" default="inherit"/>
<Variable name="date.header.letterspacing" description="Date Header Letter Spacing" type="string" default="inherit"/>
<Variable name="date.header.margin" description="Date Header Margin" type="string" default="inherit"/>
<Variable name="post.margin.bottom" description="Post Bottom Margin" type="length" default="25px"/>
<Variable name="image.border.small.size" description="Image Border Small Size" type="length" default="2px"/>
<Variable name="image.border.large.size" description="Image Border Large Size" type="length" default="5px"/>
<Variable name="page.width.selector" description="Page Width Selector" type="string" default=".region-inner"/>
<Variable name="page.width" description="Page Width" type="string" default="auto"/>
<Variable name="main.section.margin" description="Main Section Margin" type="length" default="15px"/>
<Variable name="main.padding" description="Main Padding" type="length" default="15px"/>
<Variable name="main.padding.top" description="Main Padding Top" type="length" default="30px"/>
<Variable name="main.padding.bottom" description="Main Padding Bottom" type="length" default="30px"/>
<Variable name="paging.background"
color="#ffffff"
description="Background of blog paging area" type="background"
default="transparent none no-repeat scroll top center"/>
<Variable name="footer.bevel" description="Bevel border length of footer" type="length" default="0"/>
<Variable name="mobile.background.overlay" description="Mobile Background Overlay" type="string"
default="transparent none repeat scroll top left"/>
<Variable name="mobile.background.size" description="Mobile Background Size" type="string" default="auto"/>
<Variable name="mobile.button.color" description="Mobile Button Color" type="color" default="#ffffff" />
<Variable name="startSide" description="Side where text starts in blog language" type="automatic" default="left"/>
<Variable name="endSide" description="Side where text ends in blog language" type="automatic" default="right"/>
*/
/* Content
----------------------------------------------- */
body {
font: normal normal 12px 'Trebuchet MS', Trebuchet, Verdana, sans-serif;
color: #666666;
background: #ffffff none repeat scroll top left;
padding: 0 0 0 0;
}
html body .region-inner {
min-width: 0;
max-width: 100%;
width: auto;
}
a:link {
text-decoration:none;
color: #2288bb;
}
a:visited {
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color: #888888;
}
a:hover {
text-decoration:underline;
color: #33aaff;
}
.body-fauxcolumn-outer .fauxcolumn-inner {
background: transparent none repeat scroll top left;
_background-image: none;
}
.body-fauxcolumn-outer .cap-top {
position: absolute;
z-index: 1;
height: 400px;
width: 100%;
background: #ffffff none repeat scroll top left;
}
.body-fauxcolumn-outer .cap-top .cap-left {
width: 100%;
background: transparent none repeat-x scroll top left;
_background-image: none;
}
.content-outer {
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .15);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .15);
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margin-bottom: 1px;
}
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padding: 10px 40px;
}
.content-inner {
background-color: #ffffff;
}
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----------------------------------------------- */
.header-outer {
background: transparent none repeat-x scroll 0 -400px;
_background-image: none;
}
.Header h1 {
font: normal normal 40px 'Trebuchet MS',Trebuchet,Verdana,sans-serif;
color: #000000;
text-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
}
.Header h1 a {
color: #000000;
}
.Header .description {
font-size: 18px;
color: #000000;
}
.header-inner .Header .titlewrapper {
padding: 22px 0;
}
.header-inner .Header .descriptionwrapper {
padding: 0 0;
}
/* Tabs
----------------------------------------------- */
.tabs-inner .section:first-child {
border-top: 0 solid #dddddd;
}
.tabs-inner .section:first-child ul {
margin-top: -1px;
border-top: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-left: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-right: 1px solid #dddddd;
}
.tabs-inner .widget ul {
background: transparent none repeat-x scroll 0 -800px;
_background-image: none;
border-bottom: 1px solid #dddddd;
margin-top: 0;
margin-left: -30px;
margin-right: -30px;
}
.tabs-inner .widget li a {
display: inline-block;
padding: .6em 1em;
font: normal normal 12px 'Trebuchet MS', Trebuchet, Verdana, sans-serif;
color: #000000;
border-left: 1px solid #ffffff;
border-right: 1px solid #dddddd;
}
.tabs-inner .widget li:first-child a {
border-left: none;
}
.tabs-inner .widget li.selected a, .tabs-inner .widget li a:hover {
color: #000000;
background-color: #eeeeee;
text-decoration: none;
}
/* Columns
----------------------------------------------- */
.main-outer {
border-top: 0 solid transparent;
}
.fauxcolumn-left-outer .fauxcolumn-inner {
border-right: 1px solid transparent;
}
.fauxcolumn-right-outer .fauxcolumn-inner {
border-left: 1px solid transparent;
}
/* Headings
----------------------------------------------- */
h2 {
margin: 0 0 1em 0;
font: normal bold 11px 'Trebuchet MS',Trebuchet,Verdana,sans-serif;
color: #000000;
}
/* Widgets
----------------------------------------------- */
.widget .zippy {
color: #999999;
text-shadow: 2px 2px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
}
.widget .popular-posts ul {
list-style: none;
}
/* Posts
----------------------------------------------- */
.date-header span {
background-color: #bbbbbb;
color: #ffffff;
padding: 0.4em;
letter-spacing: 3px;
margin: inherit;
}
.main-inner {
padding-top: 35px;
padding-bottom: 65px;
}
.main-inner .column-center-inner {
padding: 0 0;
}
.main-inner .column-center-inner .section {
margin: 0 1em;
}
.post {
margin: 0 0 45px 0;
}
h3.post-title, .comments h4 {
font: normal normal 22px 'Trebuchet MS',Trebuchet,Verdana,sans-serif;
margin: .75em 0 0;
}
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font-size: 110%;
line-height: 1.4;
position: relative;
}
.post-body img, .post-body .tr-caption-container, .Profile img, .Image img,
.BlogList .item-thumbnail img {
padding: 2px;
background: #ffffff;
border: 1px solid #eeeeee;
-moz-box-shadow: 1px 1px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
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box-shadow: 1px 1px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
}
.post-body img, .post-body .tr-caption-container {
padding: 5px;
}
.post-body .tr-caption-container {
color: #666666;
}
.post-body .tr-caption-container img {
padding: 0;
background: transparent;
border: none;
-moz-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
box-shadow: 0 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .1);
}
.post-header {
margin: 0 0 1.5em;
line-height: 1.6;
font-size: 90%;
}
.post-footer {
margin: 20px -2px 0;
padding: 5px 10px;
color: #666666;
background-color: #eeeeee;
border-bottom: 1px solid #eeeeee;
line-height: 1.6;
font-size: 90%;
}
#comments .comment-author {
padding-top: 1.5em;
border-top: 1px solid transparent;
background-position: 0 1.5em;
}
#comments .comment-author:first-child {
padding-top: 0;
border-top: none;
}
.avatar-image-container {
margin: .2em 0 0;
}
#comments .avatar-image-container img {
border: 1px solid #eeeeee;
}
/* Comments
----------------------------------------------- */
.comments .comments-content .icon.blog-author {
background-repeat: no-repeat;
background-image: url(data:image/png;base64,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);
}
.comments .comments-content .loadmore a {
border-top: 1px solid #999999;
border-bottom: 1px solid #999999;
}
.comments .comment-thread.inline-thread {
background-color: #eeeeee;
}
.comments .continue {
border-top: 2px solid #999999;
}
/* Accents
---------------------------------------------- */
.section-columns td.columns-cell {
border-left: 1px solid transparent;
}
.blog-pager {
background: transparent url(//www.blogblog.com/1kt/simple/paging_dot.png) repeat-x scroll top center;
}
.blog-pager-older-link, .home-link,
.blog-pager-newer-link {
background-color: #ffffff;
padding: 5px;
}
.footer-outer {
border-top: 1px dashed #bbbbbb;
}
/* Mobile
----------------------------------------------- */
body.mobile  {
background-size: auto;
}
.mobile .body-fauxcolumn-outer {
background: transparent none repeat scroll top left;
}
.mobile .body-fauxcolumn-outer .cap-top {
background-size: 100% auto;
}
.mobile .content-outer {
-webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, .15);
box-shadow: 0 0 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, .15);
}
body.mobile .AdSense {
margin: 0 -0;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .widget ul {
margin-left: 0;
margin-right: 0;
}
.mobile .post {
margin: 0;
}
.mobile .main-inner .column-center-inner .section {
margin: 0;
}
.mobile .date-header span {
padding: 0.1em 10px;
margin: 0 -10px;
}
.mobile h3.post-title {
margin: 0;
}
.mobile .blog-pager {
background: transparent none no-repeat scroll top center;
}
.mobile .footer-outer {
border-top: none;
}
.mobile .main-inner, .mobile .footer-inner {
background-color: #ffffff;
}
.mobile-index-contents {
color: #666666;
}
.mobile-link-button {
background-color: #2288bb;
}
.mobile-link-button a:link, .mobile-link-button a:visited {
color: #ffffff;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .section:first-child {
border-top: none;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .PageList .widget-content {
background-color: #eeeeee;
color: #000000;
border-top: 1px solid #dddddd;
border-bottom: 1px solid #dddddd;
}
.mobile .tabs-inner .PageList .widget-content .pagelist-arrow {
border-left: 1px solid #dddddd;
}

--></style>
<style id='template-skin-1' type='text/css'><!--
body {
min-width: 960px;
}
.content-outer, .content-fauxcolumn-outer, .region-inner {
min-width: 960px;
max-width: 960px;
_width: 960px;
}
.main-inner .columns {
padding-left: 0;
padding-right: 310px;
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-center-outer {
left: 0;
right: 310px;
/* IE6 does not respect left and right together */
_width: expression(this.parentNode.offsetWidth -
parseInt("0") -
parseInt("310px") + 'px');
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-left-outer {
width: 0;
}
.main-inner .fauxcolumn-right-outer {
width: 310px;
}
.main-inner .column-left-outer {
width: 0;
right: 100%;
margin-left: -0;
}
.main-inner .column-right-outer {
width: 310px;
margin-right: -310px;
}
#layout {
min-width: 0;
}
#layout .content-outer {
min-width: 0;
width: 800px;
}
#layout .region-inner {
min-width: 0;
width: auto;
}
--></style>
<link href='https://www.blogger.com/dyn-css/authorization.css?targetBlogID=21483949&amp;zx=7a6de87c-f004-4328-91fa-e5b890be22ac' media='none' onload='if(media!=&#39;all&#39;)media=&#39;all&#39;' rel='stylesheet'/><noscript><link href='https://www.blogger.com/dyn-css/authorization.css?targetBlogID=21483949&amp;zx=7a6de87c-f004-4328-91fa-e5b890be22ac' rel='stylesheet'/></noscript>

<!-- data-ad-client=ca-pub-4745235167453407 -->

</head>
<body class='loading'>
<div class='navbar no-items section' id='navbar'>
</div>
<div itemscope='itemscope' itemtype='http://schema.org/Blog' style='display: none;'>
<meta content='ေတြ႔မိမွတ္မိသမွ်' itemprop='name'/>
</div>
<div class='body-fauxcolumns'>
<div class='fauxcolumn-outer body-fauxcolumn-outer'>
<div class='cap-top'>
<div class='cap-left'></div>
<div class='cap-right'></div>
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&#4145;တ&#4156;႔မ&#4141;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154;
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<h2 class='date-header'><span>Tuesday, March 01, 2016</span></h2>

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<a href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/2016/03/two-bad-bricks-by-ajan-brahm.html'>Two bad bricks by Ajan Brahm</a>
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အ&#4143;တ&#4153;ရ&#4156;&#4146;႕&#4145;လ&#4152; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;<br />
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၁၉၈၃ &#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ Serpentine &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; &#4145;&#4155;မ၀ယ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4145;ၾက&#4156;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;တင&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;&#4155;မကလ&#4156;&#4146;လ&#4143;&#4141;႕ &#4145;နစရ&#4140; ဘ&#4140;အ&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;အဥ&#4142;မ&#4157; မရ&#4157;&#4141;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႕တ&#4144;တ&#4140;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ အဖ&#4142;က&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;မရ&#4157;&#4141;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4170; အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;ပစၥည&#4153;&#4152;အ&#4145;ဟ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;က &#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4145;ပ&#4139;န&#4146;႔၀ယ&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;အ&#4145;ဟ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;ပၚမ&#4157;&#4140; ညဆ&#4141;&#4143; က&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152;ၾကရတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ဟ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;&#4155;မႀက&#4142;&#4152;န&#4146;႔လ&#4156;တ&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4157;&#4140;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ခ&#4150;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; တင&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4141;ပ&#4153;ရ&#4140;ခင&#4153;&#4152;မရ&#4157;&#4141;ပ&#4139;&#4170; &#4145;တ&#4140;ရ&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;တည&#4153;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; က&#4141;စၥ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;မရ&#4157;&#4141;ပ&#4139;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4146; သ&#4142;တင&#4153;&#4152;ပ&#4139;တ&#4153; အနည&#4153;&#4152;ငယ&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; သ&#4142;တင&#4153;&#4152;သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;အသ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;က&#4143;တင&#4153;က &#4155;ပန&#4153;႔&#4155;ပန&#4153;႔&#4155;ပ&#4148;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4148;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;က&#4143;တင&#4153;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; အလယ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; အ&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;တစ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;နတယ&#4153;&#4171; တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;လက&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဖ&#4143;&#4145;ဟ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; တပ&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;မယ&#4153;ထင&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4141;ပ&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႔ဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; တ&#4150;ခ&#4139;&#4152;လက&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဖ&#4143; &#4155;ဖ&#4147;တ&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4140;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; အလယ&#4153;တည&#4153;&#4151;တည&#4153;&#4151;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; အ&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;တစ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;နတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; ဒ&#4142;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;လ&#4146; ညအ&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;အပ&#4139;&#4152; သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ရင&#4153; တက&#4144;&#4152;တက ထစရ&#4140;မလ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ အရ&#4234;န&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4145;သ&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; တကယ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အ&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;က&#4145;န &#4145;လတ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ ညဖက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4157;&#4140; က&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔မရခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;&#4171;<br />
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အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က &#4145;နစရ&#4140;&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;မရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4156;&#4146;&#4145;တ&#4156;ပ&#4139;&#4171; ရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151; ၀တ&#4209;&#4147;&#4145;င&#4156;က အ&#4143;တ&#4153;သ&#4146;&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4152;ပစၥည&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152; အတ&#4156;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;မ&#4157; အ&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဆ&#4143;&#4141;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;&#4170; ပန&#4153;&#4152;ရန&#4153;လက&#4153;သမ&#4140;&#4152; မင&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ပ&#4139;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;န&#4146;႔ ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႔ &#4145;လ&#4151;လ&#4140;ရပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4170; &#4145;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4145;ဒ&#4152;ရ&#4157;င&#4153;&#4152;ဘယ&#4153;လ&#4143;&#4141;ခ&#4154;မလ&#4146;&#4170; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;ဘယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;စ&#4142;မလ&#4146;&#4170; &#4145;ခ&#4139;င&#4153;မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ဘယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;ဆင&#4153;မလ&#4146;&#4170; &#4145;ရပ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ဘယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;ဆင&#4153;မလ&#4146; စသည&#4153;&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;လ&#4151;လ&#4140;ရ လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ရပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က လ&#4144;႔ဘ၀ တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က Physicist သ&#4142;အ&#4141;&#4143;ရ&#4142;သမ&#4140;&#4152;&#4170; အထက&#4153;တန&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပ &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ဆရ&#4140;တ&#4145;ယ&#4140;က&#4153; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; လက&#4153;အလ&#4143;ပ&#4153; အလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ၾကမ&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156; မလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ဖ&#4144;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4171; အစမ&#4157;&#4140;အ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ခက&#4153;ခ&#4146;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;အနည&#4153;&#4152;ငယ&#4153;ၾက&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; အ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;က&#4145;လ&#4152;ကၽ&#4156;မ&#4153;&#4152;က&#4154;င&#4153;လ&#4140;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4171; တခ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;႕ဆ&#4141;&#4143; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔အဖ&#4156;&#4146;႕က&#4141;&#4143; BBC (Buddhist Building Company) လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;င&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;ခၚ&#4145;၀ၚၾကပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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အ&#4143;တ&#4153;စ&#4142;တယ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;တ&#4140; အမ&#4157;တ&#4153;မ&#4146;&#4151;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ရင&#4153;လ&#4156;ယ&#4153;တယ&#4153;ထင&#4153;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; သ&#4150;လ&#4157;&#4154;က&#4153;န&#4146;႔ အဂ&#4196;&#4145;တသရ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;တ&#4145;က&#4140;&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;ခပ&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ခင&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4170; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အ&#4145;ပၚမ&#4157;&#4140; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;အသ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4152;တင&#4153;&#4170; သ&#4150;လ&#4157;&#4154;က&#4153;န&#4146;႔ ဟ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;နရ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4152; &#4145;တ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4170; ဒ&#4142;&#4145;နရ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4152; &#4145;တ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;ခ&#4139;က&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153;ရၿပ&#4142; လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ထင&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; တကယ&#4153;စ&#4142;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဒ&#4142;ဖက&#4153;အစ&#4156;န&#4153;က &#4145;ခ&#4139;က&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;ရင&#4153;&#4170; ဟ&#4141;&#4143;ဖက&#4153;အစ&#4156;န&#4153;က &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4170; ဟ&#4141;&#4143;ဖက&#4153;အစ&#4156;န&#4153;က &#4145;ခ&#4139;က&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;ရင&#4153; ဒ&#4142;ဖက&#4153;အစ&#4156;န&#4153;က &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4170; Level မည&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ည&#4157;&#4141;ရင&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႔ အ&#4143;တ&#4153;က တ&#4145;&#4155;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;ထ&#4146;မ&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4146; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;န&#4146;႔ တ&#4145;&#4155;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;တည&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153; &#4155;ပန&#4153;တည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;စ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ဖက&#4153;က &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4145;န&#4155;ပန&#4153;ပ&#4139;&#4145;ရ&#4140;&#4171;<br />
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ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;န&#4145;လ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; အတတ&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;ရ&#4157;ည&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4145;နတယ&#4153;&#4171; အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ဘယ&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;ပ&#4146;ၾက&#4140;ၾက&#4140; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152; တစ&#4153;ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;ရ&#4157;ည&#4153;ရ&#4157;ည&#4153;န&#4146;႔ သပ&#4153;သပ&#4153;ရပ&#4153;ရပ&#4153; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4145;လ&#4152; စ&#4142;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;န&#4146;႕အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; တ&#4145;ရ&#4156;႕&#4145;ရ&#4156;႕န&#4146;႔႔ ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ ပထမဥ&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4171;<br />
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&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;လ&#4152;&#4170; င&#4139;&#4152;&#4170; ဆယ&#4153;လ&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4170; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;လက&#4153;ရ&#4140;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;ပန&#4153;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;&#4171; "အ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;..." အ&#4145;၀&#4152;ကၾကည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;မ&#4157; အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;တ&#4141;တ&#4141; ရ&#4156;&#4146;႕&#4145;နပ&#4139;လ&#4140;&#4152;&#4171; ရ&#4156;&#4146;႕&#4145;နမ&#4157;န&#4153;&#4152; အခ&#4143;မ&#4157;ပ&#4146;သ&#4141;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; က&#4154;န&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;အ&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; စ&#4142;စ&#4142;ည&#4142;ည&#4142;န&#4146;႕ ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4142; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4152;ပ&#4146;&#4170; ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ရဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4170; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ပ&#4154;က&#4153;ပ&#4139;ၿပ&#4142;&#4171; အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; ဆ&#4156;&#4146;ထ&#4143;တ&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႔ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153; အဂ&#4196;&#4145;တကလ&#4146; အ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ခ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4145;နၿပ&#4142;&#4145;လ&#4171; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; အႀက&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;အ&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4170; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; အစက&#4155;ပန&#4153;စ&#4142;မယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕&#4171; တပည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တ&#4140; မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;လ&#4146;ရ&#4157;က&#4153;မ&#4141;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က န&#4150;ရ&#4150;က&#4141;&#4143; ဒ&#4142;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;ပ&#4146;ထ&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;လ&#4143;&#4141;႕မ&#4141;န&#4153;႕တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;န&#4146;႔ &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ဒက&#4140;ဒက&#4140;မ&#4145;တ&#4156; အလည&#4153;အပ&#4139;တ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဟ&#4141;&#4143;ဟ&#4141;&#4143;သည&#4153;သည&#4153; &#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ၾကတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; လ&#4144;&#4145;တ&#4156;အလည&#4153;လ&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;နရ&#4140;တစ&#4153;၀&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; တမင&#4153;မ&#4145;ခၚသ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; &#4155;မင&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140;စ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;လ &#4145;လ&#4152;လ&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;ၾက&#4140;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; တစ&#4153;ရက&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဒက&#4140;တစ&#4153;&#4145;ယ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4140;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; လ&#4157;ည&#4153;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တ&#4153;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ရင&#4153;&#4152; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4145;လ&#4145;ရ&#4140;&#4171;<br />
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"ဒ&#4142;န&#4150;ရ&#4150; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တယ&#4153;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152;" သ&#4144;က အမ&#4157;တ&#4153;တမ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ကအ&#4150;&#4151;အ&#4140;&#4152;သင&#4153;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;... "က&#4140;&#4152;ထ&#4146;မ&#4157;&#4140; မ&#4154;က&#4153;မ&#4157;န&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152; က&#4154;န&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕လ&#4140;&#4152; ဒက&#4140;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;" လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; "အ&#4143;တ&#4153;ခ&#4146; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153; ရ&#4156;&#4146;႕&#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4140; သတ&#4141;မထ&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4141;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4170; ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ပ&#4139;ဥ&#4142;&#4152;... န&#4150;ရ&#4150;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ရဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152; မ&#4145;နဘ&#4144;&#4152;လ&#4140;&#4152;" လ&#4143;&#4141;႔&#4145;မ&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;ဒက&#4140; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ထပ&#4153;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; စက&#4140;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ အ&#4143;တ&#4153;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;&#4145;ပၚမ&#4157;&#4140;&#4155;မင&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4155;မင&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;&#4170; တ&#4155;ခ&#4140;&#4152; ဘ၀အ&#4155;မင&#4153;ရ&#4232;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;အ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140; &#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4146;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;စခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; သ&#4144;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တ&#4140;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; "မ&#4157;န&#4153;ပ&#4139;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152;.. အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;&#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4170; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; စ&#4142;စ&#4142;ည&#4142;ည&#4142;သပ&#4153;သပ&#4153;ရပ&#4153;ရပ&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;လ&#4157;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၉၉၈ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;လည&#4153;&#4152; &#4155;မင&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152;" တ&#4146;&#4151;&#4171;<br />
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ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;ခ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;ထ&#4146;မ&#4157;&#4140; တစ&#4153;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;လင&#4153;&#4152;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အခ&#4143; ၃လ &#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; ပထမဥ&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;အႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;အ&#4155;ဖစ&#4153; ဒ&#4142;အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;တင&#4153;မကပ&#4146; တ&#4155;ခ&#4140;&#4152;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ရ&#4146;႕ အ&#4145;ပၚ&#4170; &#4145;အ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4170; ဘယ&#4153;&#4170; ည&#4140; မ&#4157;&#4140;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က အလ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ပ&#4139;&#4171; အတ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;ထက&#4153;အလ&#4156;န&#4153;ပ&#4139;ပ&#4146;&#4170; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ဟ&#4140; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;န&#4146;႔စ&#4140;ရင&#4153; တကယ&#4153;&#4151;က&#4141;&#4143;အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4171; အရင&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ မ&#4154;က&#4153;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က ဒ&#4142; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;ပ&#4153; ၂ ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140;ပ&#4146; အ&#4140;ရ&#4150;&#4143;&#4155;ပ&#4147;မ&#4141;&#4145;နခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4140;ပ&#4139;လ&#4140;&#4152;&#4171; က&#4154;န&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; မၾကည&#4153;&#4151;မ&#4141;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153; အ&#4155;မင&#4153;ကန&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4140;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;လည&#4153;&#4152; ဒ&#4142;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;က&#4141;&#4143; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;လ&#4146; မၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;&#4170; သ&#4144;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143;လည&#4153;&#4152; မ&#4155;ပခ&#4154;င&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရတ&#4140;ပ&#4139;လ&#4140;&#4152;&#4171; အခ&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;လည&#4153;&#4152; တ&#4155;ခ&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ပ&#4139;ၿပ&#4142;&#4170; န&#4150;ရ&#4150;ကလည&#4153;&#4152; &nbsp;ၾကည&#4153;&#4151;ရမဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ပ&#4139;လ&#4140;&#4152;&#4171; ခ&#4143;နက ဒက&#4140;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;သလ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4146; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; န&#4150;ရ&#4150;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;ပ&#4139;ပ&#4146;&#4145;လ&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ကစလ&#4141;&#4143;႔ အခ&#4143;အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153; &#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152; ၂၀ &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;ၾက&#4140;တ&#4146;&#4151;အထ&#4141;&#4170; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142; မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; မၾကည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ပ&#4139;&#4170; မ&#4155;မင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ပ&#4139;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171;<br />
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ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;စဥ&#4153;&#4152;စ&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4141;တယ&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4171; အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4152;အဆင&#4153;မ&#4145;&#4155;ပၾကတ&#4146;&#4151;သ&#4144;&#4145;တ&#4156; သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ရ&#4146;႕ အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;ဖက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; အ&#4145;ပၚမ&#4157;&#4140;အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;သ&#4140; &#4155;မင&#4153;မ&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; က&#4156;&#4146;ၾကက&#4156;&#4140;ၾကတ&#4140; ဘယ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;&#4145;ယ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ပ&#4139;သလ&#4146;&#4171; မ&#4141;မ&#4141;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;သ&#4140; &#4155;မင&#4153;မ&#4141;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4146;&#4151;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;က&#4154;&#4145;ရ&#4140;ဂ&#4139; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;နၾကတ&#4140;&#4170; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;ဓ&#4139;တ&#4153;က&#4154;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; သတ&#4153;&#4145;သၾကတ&#4140; ဘယ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;&#4145;ယ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ပ&#4139;သလ&#4146;&#4171;<br />
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တကယ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4171; ခၽ&#4156;တ&#4153;ယ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153; အ&#4140;&#4152;နည&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;ရ&#4146;႕ &#4145;ဘ&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4170; အ&#4145;ပၚဖက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4170; &#4145;အ&#4140;က&#4153;ဖက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4157;&#4140; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;ကမ&#4155;မင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4140;ပ&#4139;&#4171; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;ရမယ&#4153;&#4151;အစ&#4140;&#4152; အ&#4140;&#4152;နည&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153; ခၽ&#4156;တ&#4153;ယ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4146; သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ဂရ&#4143;&#4155;ပ&#4147;မ&#4141;&#4145;နတတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;ခၽ&#4156;တ&#4153;ယ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; မ&#4155;မင&#4153;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4170; ဖ&#4154;က&#4153;ပစ&#4153;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;လည&#4153;&#4152;တခ&#4139;တ&#4145;လမ&#4157;&#4140; တဒဂ&#4196;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152; အလ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;န&#4150;ရ&#4150;အ&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; ဖ&#4154;က&#4153;မ&#4141;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔အပ&#4139;အ၀င&#4153; လ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; လ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; အ&#4143;တ&#4153;ရ&#4156;&#4146;႕၂ခ&#4154;ပ&#4153;က&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156; ရ&#4157;&#4141;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; က&#4154;န&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4157; အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4171; ဒ&#4142;အခ&#4154;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;မင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ၿပ&#4142; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153;&#4170; က&#4141;စၥတ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; က&#4141;စၥတ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; အရ&#4140;ရ&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; အရ&#4140;ရ&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;ဟ&#4140; အဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ မရ&#4157;&#4141;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; အခ&#4143;ခ&#4141;&#4154;န&#4153;ကစလ&#4141;&#4143;႔ အမ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4170; ခၽ&#4156;တ&#4153;ယ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4170; မ&#4155;ပည&#4153;&#4151;စ&#4150;&#4143;မ&#4232;&#4145;တ&#4156;န&#4146;႕ အတ&#4144;တက&#4156; မ&#4141;မ&#4141;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153; &#4145;အ&#4152;&#4145;အ&#4152;ခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152; &#4145;န&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;သလ&#4141;&#4143;&#4170; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;ရ&#4146;႕ အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;ဖက&#4153; န&#4146;႔လ&#4146; &#4145;အ&#4152;&#4145;အ&#4152;ခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;န&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ပ&#4139;ၿပ&#4142;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;ဟ&#4140; သတင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ပ&#4139;&#4170; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;က&#4156;&#4146;တ&#4146;&#4151;အမ&#4232;&#4145;တ&#4156;န&#4146;႕အလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;ရ&#4157;႕&#4145;န&#4145;တ&#4156;အတ&#4156;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; သတင&#4153;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171;<br />
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ဘ&#4143;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;လ&#4146; ဒ&#4142;တရ&#4140;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; တရ&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ဟ&#4140;တ&#4146;&#4151;ထ&#4146;မ&#4157;&#4140; မၾက&#4140;မၾက&#4140;&#4145;ဟ&#4140;တ&#4146;&#4151;ထ&#4146;မ&#4157;&#4140;ထည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ဟ&#4140;တယ&#4153;&#4171; တရက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4152;သမ&#4140;&#4152; တ&#4145;ယ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4140;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; သ&#4144;႕တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ရ&#4146;႕လ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;႕၀&#4157;က&#4153;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;&#4155;ပတယ&#4153;&#4171; ကၽ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ &#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4152;သမ&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;လ&#4146; အၿမ&#4146;လ&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4141;&#4143; အမ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;မ&#4141;တတ&#4153;ၾကတယ&#4153;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152;&#4170; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;&#4151;ရ&#4146;႕ အလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;အပ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;&#4150;သ&#4144;က&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဒ&#4142;ဟ&#4140;က "Original Feature" ပ&#4139;&#4170; တ&#4155;ခ&#4140;&#4152;ဘယ&#4153;အ&#4141;မ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140;မ&#4157; ဒ&#4139;မ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;ဆင&#4153;တ&#4144;တ&#4140;ရ&#4157;&#4141;မ&#4157;&#4140;မဟ&#4143;တ&#4153;ဘ&#4144;&#4152; လ&#4143;&#4141;႔ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ၁&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153; ၂&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153; &#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;ပ&#4141;&#4143;ရ&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ရ&#4145;သ&#4152;တယ&#4153;ဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152; လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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စ&#4140;&#4145;ရ&#4152;သ&#4144; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; Ajan Brahm က&#4141;&#4143; ၁၉၅၁ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;တ&#4156;င&#4153; လန&#4153;ဒန&#4153;ၿမ&#4141;&#4147;႕တ&#4156;င&#4153; ဖ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;မင&#4153;သည&#4153;&#4171; ငယ&#4153;စဥ&#4153;က ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4140;သ&#4140;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ရ&#4140;စ&#4140;&#4145;ပမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;စ&#4156;&#4140;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;လ&#4151;လ&#4140;ဖတ&#4153;ရ&#4232;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; အသက&#4153; ၁၆&nbsp;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;ခန&#4153;႔တ&#4156;င&#4153; &nbsp;ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4140;သ&#4140;က&#4141;&#4143;သက&#4153;၀င&#4153;ယ&#4150;&#4143;ၾကည&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; Cambridge တက&#4192;သ&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4153;တ&#4156;င&#4153; Theoretical Physics သင&#4153;ယ&#4144;&#4145;လ&#4151;လ&#4140;&#4145;နစဥ&#4153; တရ&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4232;မ&#4157;တ&#4153;&#4155;ခင&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; စတင&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; ဘ&#4156;&#4146;႕ရၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153; အထက&#4153;တန&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပဆရ&#4140;အ&#4155;ဖစ&#4153; ၁&nbsp;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;ခန&#4153;႕လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; ထ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153; ယ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ဒယ&#4140;&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4140; ရဟန&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; ရဟန&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;တ&#4156;င&#4153; အသက&#4153; ၂၃ &#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153; သ&#4140;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;သ&#4152;သည&#4153;&#4171; ဥ&#4145;ပဇၥ&#4154;ည&#4153;ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; Wat Sacket ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;သည&#4153;&#4171; ရဟန&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ၉&nbsp;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;တ&#4141;တ&#4141; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; Ajahn Chah &#4175; ည&#4234;န&#4153;ၾက&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ပသမ&#4232;&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;တ&#4140;ထ&#4156;က&#4153;တရ&#4140;&#4152;အ&#4140;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4170; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶစ&#4140;&#4145;ပမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;လည&#4153;&#4152; &#4145;လ&#4151;လ&#4140;သင&#4153;ၾက&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ခင&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; ၁၉၈၃တ&#4156;င&#4153; Western Australia, Perth ၿမ&#4141;&#4147;႕ အန&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4156;င&#4153;&nbsp;&#4145;တ&#4140;ရ&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တည&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;ရန&#4153; ည&#4234;န&#4153;ၾက&#4140;&#4152;သ&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; ထ&#4141;&#4143;အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;မ&#4157;စ&#4173; ၾသစ&#4145;တ&#4152;လ&#4154;သ&#4141;&#4143;႔ ၾက&#4156;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;သ&#4142;တင&#4153;&#4152;သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သည&#4153;&#4171; ယခ&#4143; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4175; "Opening the Door of your Heart" မ&#4157; "Two bad bricks" က&#4141;&#4143; &nbsp;&#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;ဘ&#4140;သ&#4140;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ ဆ&#4142;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4155;ပန&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ပ&#4139;သည&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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<a href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/2016/03/buddha-mandala-monastery-chittering.html'>Buddha Mandala Monastery, Chittering</a>
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၉၀ &#4155;ပည&#4153;&#4151;လ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;က ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ယ&#4156;မ&#4153;ဖန&#4153;ဟ&#4140; Pulau Ubin ကၽ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;က&#4145;နထ&#4156;က&#4153;ခ&#4156;&#4140;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ကၽ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;မႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;မ&#4157;&#4140;သ&#4140;သန&#4140;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ မ&#4141;မ&#4141;ရ&#4146;႕ဆရ&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;စ&#4140;&#4152; ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; သက&#4154;မ&#4143;န&#4141;ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ဆ&#4144;တည&#4153;ရန&#4153; အႀက&#4150;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၁၉၉၃ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153; &#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;လယ&#4153;ပ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆင&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; သင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;သ&#4140;&#4152; ရ&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;ဖ&#4156;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕န&#4146;႕ ၁၄ &#4145;ပရ&#4157;ည&#4153;လ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;လ&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144;ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4170; ဥ&#4140;ဏ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; ၉ &#4145;ပ&#4155;မင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;သ&#4140; အလတ&#4153;စ&#4140;&#4152;ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ဆ&#4144; &#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;အငယ&#4153;စ&#4140;&#4152; အဆ&#4144;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152; ၃၀၀၀ တ&#4141;&#4143;႕က&#4141;&#4143; ထ&#4143;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ &#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;န&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ အႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;ႀက&#4141;မ&#4153; ၾက&#4156;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၁၉၉၅ မ&#4157;&#4140; အႀက&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4157;လ&#4156;&#4146;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ က&#4154;န&#4153;ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ရက&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;စ&#4156;&#4140; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ တ&#4155;ဖည&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ဖည&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152; အႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;ႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;အလ&#4142;လ&#4142;ခ&#4156;&#4146;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ပင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; ထ&#4143;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151;က&#4140;လတ&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4151;အ&#4145;န&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151;အခက&#4153;အခ&#4146;မ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;စ&#4150;&#4143; &#4145;တ&#4156;႕ႀက&#4150;&#4147;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;တ&#4141;တ&#4141; ကတ&#4141;ခ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4232;ခ&#4150;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; ပထမအႀက&#4141;မ&#4153; ၁၉၉၆ မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ဟ&#4140; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;ဆစ&#4153; ပန&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4145;မ&#4140;&#4151;ဆရ&#4140; တစ&#4153;ဥ&#4142;&#4152;&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151; အတ&#4144; ဆင&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ထ&#4143;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ထ&#4156;က&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ရ&#4140; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;အထ&#4141;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; သင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;မယ&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;ရ&#4156;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ယ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;တစ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4156;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ယ&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ထ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဝမ&#4153;ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4140;သ&#4140;အဖ&#4156;&#4146;႕အစည&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ခ&#4150;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ထပ&#4153; ၁၉၉၇ မ&#4157;&#4140;လည&#4153;&#4152; ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;အသစ&#4153; ထ&#4143;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;မယ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရန&#4153;က&#4143;န&#4153;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ &#4145;လယ&#4140;ဥ&#4153;န&#4146;႕ၾက&#4156;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အခ&#4143;တႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; အလ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4154;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4156;႕ရ&#4157;&#4141;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;သ&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;ဆစ&#4153;ဆရ&#4140;က ကတ&#4141;ဖ&#4154;က&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; တ&#4155;ခ&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;နရ&#4140;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4155;ပန&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4143;&#4150;&#4152; ၁၉၉၉ မ&#4157;&#4140; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ဆ&#4144;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;စ&#4142;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151;လည&#4153;&#4152; မ&#4154;က&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4145;ပၚ ဘယ&#4153;ဖက&#4153;&#4155;ခမ&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; သ&#4141;သ&#4140;ထင&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;ကန&#4153;႔လန&#4153;႔&#4155;ဖတ&#4153;အစင&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;နတ&#4140;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ကလက&#4153;မခ&#4150;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171;<br />
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၁၉၉၃ အ&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;&#4155;ပည&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; ၾက&#4156;တ&#4140; ၁၆ ႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;တ&#4141;တ&#4141;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ၿပ&#4142;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4142;ခရ&#4142;&#4152;စဥ&#4153;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152; &#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;&#4155;ပည&#4153;က စ&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4152;သမ&#4140;&#4152;အခ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;႕&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151; သ&#4141;ကၽ&#4156;မ&#4153;&#4152;ခင&#4153;မင&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ကတဆင&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;ထ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; &nbsp;မ&#4141;မ&#4141;အလ&#4141;မ&#4153;လည&#4153;ခ&#4150;ရတ&#4146;&#4151; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4143;န&#4153;စင&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; အသ&#4141;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ခ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;ရခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၁၉၉၉ &#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;က&#4143;န&#4153;ပ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4154;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;န&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;မ&#4157;&#4140; ရင&#4153;&#4152;&#4239;&#4157;&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;မ&#4231;&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;&#4150;မ&#4232;&#4145;တ&#4156;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;နတ&#4146;&#4151; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ငန&#4153;&#4152;ရ&#4157;င&#4153; Michael Chan ရ&#4146;႕ ဆက&#4153;သ&#4156;ယ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;မ&#4232;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; မ&#4239;&#4210;&#4145;လ&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; သ&#4150;ဃ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; တစ&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; လ&#4157;&#4148;ဖ&#4156;ယ&#4153;ပစၥည&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156; လ&#4157;&#4148;ဒ&#4139;န&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;ရခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က ပရ&#4141;ယတ&#4153; က&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;ဂန&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; တတ&#4153;ကၽ&#4156;မ&#4153;&#4152;ယ&#4150;&#4143;မ&#4157;&#4154;မက ပ&#4141;ဋကသ&#4143;တ&#4209;န&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;အလ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;စ&#4150;&#4143;က&#4141;&#4143; အ&#4140;ဂ&#4150;&#4143;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;တယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ၾက&#4140;&#4152;သ&#4141;ရၿပ&#4142;&#4152; အလ&#4156;န&#4153;ၾကည&#4153;ည&#4141;&#4147;&#4145;လ&#4152;စ&#4140;&#4152;ဖ&#4156;ယ&#4153;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၄င&#4153;&#4152;ခရ&#4142;&#4152;စဥ&#4153;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ဟ&#4140; မ&#4141;မ&#4141;အ&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4141;မ&#4153;လည&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;သ&#4144;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;ထ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4152;မ&#4157; တရ&#4140;&#4152;စ&#4156;&#4146;က&#4140; &#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;င&#4139;&#4152;ရက&#4153;ခ&#4154;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4170; ပ&#4150;&#4143;စ&#4150;တ&#4144;လ&#4141;မ&#4153;လည&#4153;မ&#4232; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;အ&#4145;န&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; ထ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;တစ&#4153;ဆ&#4144; &#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; ၾက&#4140;&#4152;သ&#4141;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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၂၀၀၀ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;အ&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ဟ&#4140; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ထပ&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;သည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; ထပ&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4156;&#4152;ခ&#4154;ယ&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4155;ပန&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အ&#4145;တ&#4140;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152; မ&#4239;&#4209;&#4145;လ&#4152;က ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4153;&#4140;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; က&#4141;&#4143; ၂ ႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;တ&#4141;တ&#4141; သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4145;&#4155;မ&#4140;&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ရ&#4157;&#4140;က&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ လက&#4153;က&#4154;န&#4153;ရ&#4157;စ&#4153;လ&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;က&#4140;လအတ&#4156;က&#4153; တစ&#4153;လက&#4141;&#4143; ယ&#4144;အက&#4153;စ&#4153; &#4145;ဒၚလ&#4140;တစ&#4153;ရ&#4140;န&#4146;႕ အ&#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;အၾကပ&#4153;င&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;ရမ&#4153;&#4152;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕မ&#4141;န&#4153;႕တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4143;&#4150;&#4152; ၂၀၀၁ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;ထ&#4146;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; အ&#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4140;သပ&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;စ&#4142;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;က&#4141;&#4143; ရန&#4153;က&#4143;န&#4153;ၿမ&#4141;&#4147;႕ကတဆင&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;ရလမ&#4153;&#4152;ခရ&#4142;&#4152;န&#4146;႕ &#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4140;&#4145;မ&#4156;႕စ&#4156;&#4140; ပင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;ပမယ&#4153;&#4151; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;အစ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ရရ&#4146;႕တင&#4153;&#4152;က&#4154;ပ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; စည&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4154;ဥ&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;န&#4146;႕ ကန&#4153;႔သတ&#4153;မ&#4232;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; မ&#4144;လစ&#4142;စဥ&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; အတ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; Sagaramudra Buddhist Institute မ&#4157;&#4140; ထ&#4140;&#4152;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ အခ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;မရခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; အ&#4146;လ&#4141;&#4143;န&#4146;႕ ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; သ&#4145;ဘ&#4140;&#4196;က&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152;ပ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ရ&#4157;င&#4153; Mr. Tan က သ&#4144;႕ရ&#4146;႕သ&#4145;ဘ&#4196;&#4140;က&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; ယ&#4140;ယ&#4142; စ&#4150;&#4155;မန&#4153;&#4152;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ သ&#4145;ဘ&#4140;တ&#4144;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; Mr. Tan ရ&#4146;႕ သ&#4145;ဘ&#4196;&#4140;က&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;သ&#4140;&#4152; ၉၀ ရ&#4140;ခ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4232;&#4150;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က &#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156;ပ&#4139;&#4171; သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕ကပ&#4146; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ဆ&#4156;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4170; &#4145;ရခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;&#4170; ပန&#4153;&#4152;မန&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; &#4145;န႔စဥ&#4153;ပ&#4144;&#4145;ဇ&#4140;&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4171; ဒ&#4139;&#4151;အ&#4155;ပင&#4153; &#4145;နဒဏ&#4153;&#4170; မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ဒဏ&#4153; ခ&#4150;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ သ&#4150;မဏ&#4141;အမ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;အက&#4140;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153; စ&#4143;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ၂၀၀၅ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153; ပထမသ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;လပတ&#4153;က&#4140;လအတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; Western Australia, Chittering အ&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4155;မင&#4153;စ&#4156;&#4140;ပင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၾသစ&#4145;တ&#4152;လ&#4154;က&#4141;&#4143; မပင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;ခင&#4153; က&#4140;လရ&#4157;ည&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144; သ&#4145;ဘ&#4140;&#4196;က&#4154;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;ပ&#4146; တ&#4141;တ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;တ&#4153;စ&#4156;&#4140; စ&#4150;&#4145;န&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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Buddha Mandala &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;အတ&#4156;က&#4153; &#4145;&#4155;မ&#4145;နရ&#4140; ၀ယ&#4153;ယ&#4144;တ&#4146;&#4151;အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ကဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; ဒ&#4143;တ&#4141;ယအႀက&#4141;မ&#4153;ခ&#4156;&#4146;စ&#4141;တ&#4153;မ&#4232;မ&#4157; သက&#4153;သ&#4140;စ&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;အ&#4145;တ&#4140;အတ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;ပ&#4146; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ ၾသစ&#4145;ၾတ&#4152;လ&#4154;အစ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ရဆ&#4142;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;လၽ&#4157;&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4234;&#4140;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4170; လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ထ&#4143;&#4150;&#4152;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;နည&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152; က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;တ&#4156;ယ&#4153;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; အခက&#4153;အခ&#4146;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရန&#4153;ပ&#4143;&#4150;&#4145;င&#4156;&#4155;ပတ&#4153;လပ&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4140;ပ&#4139;ပ&#4146;&#4171; က&#4150;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ထ&#4140;က&#4153;မလ&#4141;&#4143;႕ ၂၀၀၇ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; &nbsp;စ&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4152;&#4155;ပန&#4153;လည&#4153;န&#4140;လန&#4153;ထလ&#4140;တ&#4140;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; စ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;ရ&#4157;ယ&#4153;ယ&#4140;&#4145;ဈ&#4152;က&#4156;က&#4153; &#4145;တ&#4156;&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4140;တယ&#4153;&#4171; သဒၶ&#4139;ထက&#4153;သန&#4153;လ&#4157;တ&#4146;&#4151; ဒ&#4139;ယ&#4141;က&#4140;တစ&#4153;ဥ&#4142;&#4152;က ဆရ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ရ&#4146;႕သ&#4140;သန&#4140;&#4155;ပ&#4147;အစ&#4142;အစဥ&#4153; ဆက&#4153;လက&#4153;အ&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;အထည&#4153;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ &#4145;ဒၚလ&#4140;၂သန&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; တစ&#4153;ဥ&#4142;&#4152;တည&#4153;&#4152; ရက&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;စ&#4156;&#4140;လ&#4157;&#4148;ဒ&#4139;န&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;ဆက&#4153;လက&#4153;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143; အတ&#4140;&#4152;အဆ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156; အ&#4145;&#4239;&#4157;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;အယ&#4157;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;&#4153;လ&#4156;န&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153; ၂၀၀၈ ခ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; စ&#4150;&#4155;မန&#4153;&#4152;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕&#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; စတင&#4153;တည&#4153;&#4145;ထ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;သည&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ အမည&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; Buddha Mandala &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ အမည&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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အခ&#4143; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;ဆင&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4143;ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4155;မတ&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ဟ&#4140; ဥ&#4140;ဏ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153; ၉ မ&#4142;တ&#4140;&#4155;မင&#4153;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4170; အ&#4145;လ&#4152;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153; တန&#4153; ၅၀&#4170; ၾက&#4140;ပလ&#4229;င&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151;တက&#4156; တန&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152; ၆၀ အ&#4145;လ&#4152;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;နရ&#4140;ခ&#4154;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ တန&#4153; ၁၀၀ အ&#4140;&#4152; ကရ&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;စ&#4142;&#4152;&#4170; တန&#4153; ၂၀၀ အ&#4140;&#4152;ကရ&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152; တစ&#4153;စ&#4142;&#4152;&#4170; စ&#4143;စ&#4143;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152; ကရ&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; ၂ စ&#4142;&#4152;အသ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ အရ&#4156;ယ&#4153;အစ&#4140;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4232;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; ခန&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4155;ခင&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ႐&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;နရ&#4140;တက&#4154;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;မ&#4157;သ&#4140; စတင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ခန&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4155;ပ&#4230;န&#4140; ၂ ခ&#4143;ရ&#4157;&#4141;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4155;ပ&#4230;န&#4140;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;က ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; ည&#4140;ဖက&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; ၁၀ စင&#4153;တ&#4142;မ&#4142;တ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;နခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4140;ပ&#4139;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;&#4155;ပ&#4230;န&#4140;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;ခ&#4139;င&#4153;မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152; အလ&#4156;န&#4153;န&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;န&#4155;ခင&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4139;&#4145;ၾက&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151; အဓ&#4141;က၀င&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;က&#4145;န ဖ&#4144;&#4152;လ&#4157;&#4154;င&#4153; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4154;က&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;မဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;&#4155;ပ&#4230;န&#4140;က&#4141;&#4143; Mr. Ho Whye Chong က &#4145;ခ&#4139;င&#4153;မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ၁.၅ မ&#4142;တ&#4140; &#4155;မ&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕အဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ၂၀၁၁ တ&#4156;င&#4153; စ&#4155;မ&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153;&#4171; တခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;တည&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;ပ&#4146; အ&#4142;လက&#4153;ထရ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;နစ&#4153; အင&#4153;ဂ&#4154;င&#4153;န&#4142;ယ&#4140; တစ&#4153;ဥ&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; David က Air Jets &#4145;လ&#4152;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;သ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; ည&#4140;ဖက&#4153;&#4155;ခမ&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ၁၁ စင&#4153;တ&#4142;မ&#4142;တ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; &#4155;ပန&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;မ&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151;တင&#4153;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တယ&#4153; (၁ စင&#4153;တ&#4142;မ&#4142;တ&#4140;ပ&#4141;&#4143;ရတ&#4140;က ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4175; &#4155;ဒပ&#4153;ထ&#4143;&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151; အ&#4145;သအခ&#4154;&#4140;တ&#4156;က&#4153;ခ&#4154;က&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4154;&#4140;ည&#4142;&#4145;ထ&#4156;ဖ&#4141;&#4143;႕ တမင&#4153;မ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;စ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4140;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;)&#4171; ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;န&#4146;႕ ယခ&#4143;ဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4155;မင&#4153;ရတ&#4146;&#4151;အတ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; ခန&#4153;႕ည&#4140;&#4152;သပၸ&#4139;ယ&#4153;စ&#4156;&#4140; စ&#4150;&#4155;မန&#4153;&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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Buddha Mandala &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ဟ&#4140; လက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;&#4155;မႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;ထ&#4141;&#4145;နသည&#4153;&#4151;အသ&#4156;င&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151; ဘ&#4144;မ&#4141;ဖ&#4230;မ&#4143;&#4155;ဒ&#4140; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;&#4155;ဖ&#4148;သ&#4140;&#4152; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၾသစ&#4145;တ&#4152;လ&#4154; အစ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ရက အ&#4142;&#4145;က&#4156;တ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;ဖက&#4153;&#4155;ခမ&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4156;င&#4153; အႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; ထ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;သ&#4140;&#4152;ဆင&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4143;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တယ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;႕ အသ&#4141;အမ&#4157;တ&#4153;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၂၀၁၂ အ&#4145;စ&#4140;ပ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;က ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; စ&#4150;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144;သည&#4153;&#4151; ခန&#4153;&#4152;မႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; တရ&#4140;&#4152;၀င&#4153; အသ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ခ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151; ရခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; လက&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;မ&#4157;&#4140; မဟ&#4140;ယ&#4140;န&#4170; &#4145;ထရဝ&#4139;ဒ&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151; ၀ဇ&#4142;ရယ&#4140;န စသည&#4153;&#4151; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4140;သ&#4140;၀င&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;စ&#4156;&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕သည&#4153; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4140;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4145;&#4155;မ&#4140;&#4153;&#4145;နၾကပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ၾသစ&#4145;တ&#4152;လ&#4154;က တ႐&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4170; ထ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ဝမ&#4153;&#4170; စက&#4196;&#4140;ပ&#4144;&#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4151;မ&#4145;လ&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;&#4170; &nbsp;ဗမ&#4140;&#4170; ထ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4170; တ&#4141;ဘက&#4153; လ&#4144;မ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;အသ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕က လည&#4153;&#4152; &#4145;က&#4154;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4141;&#4143;႕ လ&#4140;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4145;&#4155;မ&#4140;&#4153;ၾက&#4145;နပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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အခ&#4143;အခ&#4139;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; Chittering ရ&#4146;႕ က&#4154;ယ&#4153;&#4155;ပန&#4153;႕လ&#4157;ပတ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ကင&#4153;&#4155;ပ&#4140;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ခ&#4150;န&#4146;႕ အ&#4155;ဖ&#4148;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;တ&#4141;မ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ရ&#4146;႕ၾက&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; မ&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;စ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;စ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151; စ&#4150;&#4145;န&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ရ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ပ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;ရ&#4146;႕ စ&#4150;&#4145;န&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;မ&#4144;တ&#4146;&#4151;&#4151; အ&#4145;နအထ&#4140;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ဖ&#4144;&#4152;ရတ&#4140;န&#4146;႕တၿပ&#4141;&#4147;င&#4153;နက&#4153; အၿင&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4152;ဓ&#4140;တ&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152; ထ&#4143;တ&#4153;လ&#4234;င&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;နသည&#4153;&#4151;ပမ&#4140; &#4145;အ&#4152;ခ&#4154;မ&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4232;က&#4141;&#4143;ခ&#4150;စ&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4143;ရ&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4157;င&#4153;ရ&#4146;႕ စ&#4141;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4155;မတ&#4153;မ&#4232; &#4155;ပယ&#4143;ဂ&#4153;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; မဟ&#4140;ကရ&#4143;ဏ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ရ&#4146;႕ &#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4155;ပန&#4153;ဟပ&#4153;မ&#4232; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4157;&#4154;င&#4153; မ&#4157;&#4140;&#4152;အ&#4150;&#4151;မထင&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4171; &nbsp;ဖ&#4144;&#4152;&#4155;မင&#4153;သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; ၾကည&#4153;ည&#4141;&#4147;သဒၶ&#4139;စ&#4141;တ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151;&#4170; သဒၶ&#4139;ပ&#4142;တ&#4141;ဂ&#4156;မ&#4153;&#4152;ဆ&#4142;ထ&#4141; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;သလ&#4141;&#4143;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ၾကမ&#4157;&#4140;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဗ&#4143;ဒၶဘ&#4140;သ&#4140; သ&#4140;သန&#4140; &#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;၀&#4139;တည&#4153;တန&#4153;႔လင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;စ&#4145;သ&#4140;၀&#4153;&#4171;
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<h2 class='date-header'><span>Friday, January 15, 2016</span></h2>

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လ&#4156;န&#4153;ခ&#4146;&#4151;တ&#4146;&#4151; ၂၀ &#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က အ&#4140;ရ&#4157;ဓနဘဏ&#4153;က အ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153; လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ငန&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; ဗဟ&#4141;&#4143;ဘဏ&#4153;ထက&#4153; ၄ဆ&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;င&#4156;ပ&#4141;&#4143;ခ&#4154;&#4145;ပ&#4152;မယ&#4153; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4140;&#4152;ကက&#4153;တင&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ဆ&#4142;ကအတ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ယ&#4144; &#4170; နဂ&#4141;&#4143;မ&#4144;လဗဟ&#4141;&#4143;ဘဏ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; &#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4152;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4155;ပန&#4153;ဆပ&#4153;&#4170; ပ&#4141;&#4143;တ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4152;န&#4146;႔ လ&#4157;&#4146;႕လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4171; အတ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152; ကတလက&#4141;&#4143; ၂.၇၀% &#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဘဏ&#4153;ၿပ&#4141;&#4147;လ&#4146;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; သ&#4144;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ပ&#4146; အတင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4152;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156; အတင&#4153;&#4152;&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; &#4170; ဘယ&#4153;&#4145;န႔တရ&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;လ&#4140;ခ&#4146;&#4151;ပ&#4139; ဘ&#4140;ည&#4140;&#4171; ဒ&#4142;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;မက&#4145;နလ&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4152; အ&#4140;ရ&#4157;ဓနက&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;ပန&#4153;ဆပ&#4153;&#4170; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153; က&#4145;မၻ&#4140;ဇ ကပ&#4141;&#4143;&#4145;ပ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; က&#4145;မၻ&#4140;ဇက&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4152; ရ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;မ&#4155;ပန&#4153;ဆပ&#4153;&#4171; အတ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;ရင&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; အရင&#4153;&#4152;ထက&#4153;ပ&#4141;&#4143;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က &#4145;&#4155;မ&#4145;တ&#4156;၀ယ&#4153;&#4170; ၀ယ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151;&#4145;&#4155;မ&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4170; ရတ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4152;&#4145;င&#4156;န&#4146;႔ ထပ&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; &#4145;&#4155;မ&#4145;တ&#4156;၀ယ&#4153;&#4170; ဆင&#4153;&#4151;ဆင&#4153;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ၀ယ&#4153;ပစ&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;&#4155;မ&#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4154;က&#4143;န&#4153;တ&#4140; "&#4145;&#4155;မၿမ&#4141;&#4147;ခ&#4150;ရတယ&#4153;" လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;ခၚတ&#4146;&#4151; လ&#4144;&#4145;တ&#4156;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;သ&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153; &#4155;မစ&#4153;သ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ ပခ&#4143;က&#4192;&#4148;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕ ဘ&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;႕ဘက&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ၾကက&#4153;သ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; အခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153; ၁၀ သ&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152; သ&#4141;န&#4153;&#4152; ၂၀ &#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4140;င&#4153;ၾက&#4170; ၾကက&#4153;သ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; export ပ&#4141;တ&#4153;&#4170; အက&#4143;န&#4153;ပ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4170; အ&#4145;ည&#4157;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4156;ထ&#4156;က&#4153;တ&#4140;ကထ&#4156;က&#4153;&#4170; &#4145;ရစည&#4153;လန&#4153;&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4155;ဖစ&#4153;က&#4143;န&#4153;&#4171; ပ&#4146;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4170; ပ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;ထ&#4156;က&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;ဆ&#4152;အ&#4143;ပ&#4153;ရ လ&#4144;လ&#4141;မ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;ခ&#4150;ရ&#4171; ငရ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4140;င&#4153;&#4170; တရ&#4143;တ&#4153;ကမဆ&#4156;&#4146; &#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ရ&#4157;&#4141;သမ&#4157;&#4154; အက&#4143;န&#4153; &#4155;ပ&#4147;တ&#4153;&#4171; &#4239;&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;နက&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; တရ&#4143;တ&#4153;ဆ&#4156;&#4146;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဓ&#4139;တ&#4153;ခ&#4146;န&#4146;႔ ဆ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4145;တ&#4140;ပ&#4156;&#4146;စ&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;ကရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;သ&#4152;&#4170; ခ&#4146;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4155;ပန&#4153;သန&#4153;႔စင&#4153;ရ&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; စ&#4142;ခၽ&#4156;မ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; &#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153; &#4145;ခ&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4143;&#4155;ပည&#4153;&#4151;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4146;&#4171; စ&#4141;တ&#4153;မထင&#4153;မထင&#4153;သလ&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ၾက&#4140;ဖ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153; &#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ၾက&#4140;&#4155;ပန&#4153;ပ&#4141;တ&#4153;လ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;န&#4140;က&#4153;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; ခ&#4154;&#4147;ပ&#4153;ရရင&#4153; &#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;င&#4150;&#4145;ရ&#4152;မတည&#4153;ၿင&#4141;မ&#4153; တရ&#4140;&#4152;ဥပ&#4145;ဒ စ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;မ&#4232;မရ&#4157;&#4141;ရင&#4153; &#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;၀ယ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153; ဘ&#4140;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;လ&#4143;ပ&#4153; &#4155;ဖစ&#4153;ထ&#4156;န&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;မဟ&#4143;တ&#4153;ပ&#4139;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171;<br />
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<h2 class='date-header'><span>Tuesday, December 10, 2013</span></h2>

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<a href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/2013/12/blog-post_4068.html'>မန&#4153;&#4152;က&#4154;ည&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ည&#4141;&#4232; လ&#4144;တစ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153; တမ&#4140;တစ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; လ&#4144;သင&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4196;&#4141;&#4154;&#4147;င&#4153;&#4152;</a>
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&#4155;မန&#4153;မ&#4140;စက&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; မန&#4153;&#4152;က&#4154;ည&#4153;&#4152;တစ&#4153;ည&#4141;&#4232; လ&#4144;တစ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153; တမ&#4140;တစ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; လ&#4144;သင&#4153;&#4152;ခ&#4196;&#4141;&#4154;&#4147;င&#4153;&#4152; &#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;စမ&#4157;တ&#4153;&#4155;ပ&#4147;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4139;မ&#4157;န&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; မန&#4153;က&#4154;ည&#4153;&#4152;ပင&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;တ&#4140; အ&#4150;&#4151;ၾသ&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153; အင&#4153;မတန&#4153;ခ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151;အပင&#4153;ပ&#4139;&#4171; &#4145;တ&#4140;&#4153;ရ&#4150;&#4143;န&#4146;႔ မက&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;တတ&#4153;ပ&#4139;&#4171; မန&#4153;က&#4154;ည&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152; လက&#4153;ည&#4232;&#4141;&#4152;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; ရ&#4157;&#4141;လ&#4157;&#4154;င&#4153; လ&#4144;တစ&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;ယ&#4153;စ&#4140;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; &#4145;အ&#4152;&#4145;အ&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4152;&#4239;&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; တအ&#4141;အ&#4141;န&#4146;႕ ည&#4234;တ&#4153;ရင&#4153;ည&#4234;တ&#4153;က&#4154;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;မယ&#4153;&#4170; က&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;မက&#4154;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; တမ&#4140;ပင&#4153;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဒ&#4142;လ&#4141;&#4143;မဟ&#4143;တ&#4153;ပ&#4139;&#4171; လက&#4153;ဖ&#4154;&#4150;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153; လက&#4153;&#4145;မ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;မ&#4157; အခန&#4153;႔မသင&#4153;&#4151;ရင&#4153; က&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;လ&#4156;ယ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4170; ဆတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4145;မ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4140;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ငယ&#4153;ငယ&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က သစ&#4153;ပင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4145;ပၚတက&#4153;ကစ&#4140;&#4152;ရင&#4153; လ&#4144;ႀက&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က မႀက&#4141;&#4147;က&#4153;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4170; အထ&#4144;&#4152;သ&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151; တမ&#4140;ပင&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ဘ&#4140;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;ပၚတက&#4153;မ&#4145;ဆ&#4140;&#4151;&#4145;စခ&#4154;င&#4153;ၾကဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; တမ&#4140;ပင&#4153;တင&#4153;မကပ&#4139;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; စ&#4141;န&#4153;ပန&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ ဒန&#4153;႔သလ&#4156;န&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ င&#4143;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ က&#4143;က&#4192;&#4141;&#4147;လ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ &#4239;&#4234;ယ&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151; အပင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;အ&#4140;&#4152;လ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152; က&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;လ&#4156;ယ&#4153;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4170; ဆတ&#4153;ၾကတ&#4140;ခ&#4154;ည&#4153;&#4152;ပ&#4146;&#4171;
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<a href='http://phyowaikyaw.blogspot.com/2013/12/blog-post_6166.html'>မန&#4153;က&#4154;&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4143;တ&#4153; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ခ&#4143;တ&#4153;</a>
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&#4145;မ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4140;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ အည&#4140;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152; တယ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အ&#4145;လ&#4151;က&#4154;&#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4171; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;အခ&#4154;ဥ&#4153;သ&#4142;&#4152;ပင&#4153; &#4145;တ&#4156;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153; သ&#4141;ပ&#4153;မ&#4140;တ&#4140;&#4170; ဘ&#4140;ပ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;မ&#4157;မက&#4154;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4170; ဘ&#4140;မ&#4157; &#4145;ရ&#4145;လ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ပ&#4139;င&#4153;&#4152;သင&#4153;စရ&#4140;မလ&#4141;&#4143;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4171; အခ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;သ&#4142;&#4152;ပင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ပ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;က&#4153;တတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4170; &#4239;&#4143;တယ&#4153;&#4171; သဘ&#4140;၀အ&#4145;လ&#4157;&#4154;&#4140;က&#4153; &#4145;ပ&#4139;က&#4153;တ&#4140;က&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; အမ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;အ&#4140;&#4152;&#4155;ဖင&#4153;&#4151;အခ&#4154;ဥ&#4153;ပင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4156; မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ရ&#4156;&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156;မ&#4157;&#4140;ဆ&#4141;&#4143; တခ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;႕ကလ&#4146; ၿခ&#4150;စည&#4153;&#4152;ရ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;အ&#4145;နန&#4146; စ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;ၾကတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ပင&#4153;က ၿခ&#4150;&#4147;ပင&#4153;မ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;&#4170; &#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4152;ဆ&#4142;ဆ&#4144;&#4152;လ&#4141;&#4143; ဆ&#4144;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ဆ&#4144;&#4152;တတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ၿခ&#4150;&#4147;ထ&#4146;၀င&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အခ&#4139; အခန&#4153;႔မသင&#4153;&#4151;ရင&#4153; အက&#4154;&#4142;&#4196;&#4145;တ&#4156; ဘ&#4140;&#4145;တ&#4156; တဗ&#4154;&#4141;ဗ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4146;႔ ၿပ&#4146;တတ&#4153;တယ&#4153;&#4171; အည&#4140;မ&#4157;&#4140; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;က&#4153;ရင&#4153; ညမ&#4157;&#4140;က&#4154;တ&#4146;&#4151; &#4239;&#4157;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;င&#4156;႕က&#4145;လ&#4152;ခ&#4150;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;င&#4153;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;င&#4153;သ&#4142;&#4152;တ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171;<br />
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ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4156;ပ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;ၿပ&#4142;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;လ&#4146; &#4145;&#4155;မ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;လက&#4145;လ&#4152; &#4145;၀&#4157;႔တ&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140; တသင&#4153;&#4152;သင&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႔&#4145;မ&#4234;&#4152;တတ&#4153;တ&#4140;&#4170; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ပ&#4156;င&#4153;&#4151;က&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က န&#4140;&#4152;ကပ&#4153;န&#4146;႔တ&#4144;လ&#4141;&#4143;႔ က&#4145;လ&#4152;မ&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153; တ&#4150;&#4145;တ&#4156;&#4152;ဆ&#4156;တ&#4153;န&#4140;&#4152;မ&#4157;&#4140;ကပ&#4153;ပ&#4142;&#4152; စ&#4141;န&#4153;န&#4140;&#4152;ကပ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;&#4151;ၾကတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; &#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4143;န&#4153;ခ&#4139;န&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;အမ&#4157;ည&#4153;&#4151;ဆ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;ရ&#4140;သ&#4142;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; အသ&#4142;&#4152;က&#4145;လ&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156; န&#4142;ည&#4141;&#4147;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;သန&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4140;ၿပ&#4142;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရင&#4153; အပင&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; က&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4145;နက&#4141;&#4143;င&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152; ခပ&#4153;ၾကမ&#4153;&#4152;ၾကမ&#4153;&#4152;လ&#4232;ပ&#4153;လ&#4232;ပ&#4153;ခ&#4154;ရတယ&#4153;&#4170; မ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;မ&#4154;&#4140;&#4152;&#4145;ၾက&#4156;က&#4154;သလ&#4141;&#4143; တၿဗ&#4150;&#4147;&#4152;ၿဗ&#4150;&#4147;&#4152; တ&#4145;၀&#4139;&#4145;၀&#4139;န&#4146;႕ &#4145;ၾက&#4156;က&#4154;တ&#4140;&#4171; "မက&#4154;&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143; ပ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4170; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ခ&#4143;တ&#4153;" တ&#4146;&#4151; ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ရ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;စက&#4140;&#4152;ရ&#4157;&#4141;တယ&#4153;&#4171; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;ပင&#4153; သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;အ&#4140;င&#4153; တစ&#4153;&#4239;&#4157;စ&#4153;တစ&#4153;ခ&#4139; ခ&#4143;တ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ရတယ&#4153;&#4171; သ&#4141;&#4143;&#4152;&#4145;ဆ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;စက&#4140;&#4152;န&#4146;႔&#4145;&#4155;ပ&#4140;ရင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; Trim လ&#4143;ပ&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4152;ရတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; &#4145;မ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4140;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔ငယ&#4153;ငယ&#4153;က ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;က&#4140;က&#4153;ရင&#4153; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;အမ&#4157;ည&#4153;&#4151;&#4145;ပ&#4154;&#4140;&#4151;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; ဖ&#4141;နပ&#4153;န&#4146;႔ နင&#4153;&#4152;မ&#4141;တ&#4146;&#4151;အခ&#4139; ခၽ&#4156;&#4146;စ&#4141;ခၽ&#4156;&#4146;ဖတ&#4153;န&#4146;႔ ကပ&#4153;&#4145;န&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;တ&#4140;ပ&#4146;&#4170; တ&#4143;တ&#4153;ခ&#4145;ည&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႕ &#4155;ခစ&#4153;&#4155;ခစ&#4153;ခ&#4154;ရတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142; &#4145;က&#4140;က&#4153;ထ&#4140;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4156;က&#4141;&#4143; &#4145;နလ&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;ရတယ&#4153;&#4170; ၄-၅ ရက&#4153;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;လ&#4157;မ&#4153;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;ရင&#4153; &#4145;&#4155;ခ&#4140;က&#4153;သ&#4156;&#4140;&#4152;တတ&#4153;ပ&#4139;တယ&#4153;&#4171;<br />
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&#4145;မ&#4140;င&#4153;သ&#4140;ၿဖ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;တ&#4141;&#4143;႔အရပ&#4153;မ&#4157;&#4140; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;&#4155;ခ&#4140;က&#4153;က&#4141;&#4143; တင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; &#4155;ပည&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႔ ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151;၀ယ&#4153;ၾကတယ&#4153;&#4171; ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;တ&#4146;&#4151;အခ&#4139;မ&#4157;&#4140; တင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ပၚက&#4141;&#4143; န&#4146;န&#4146;&#4145;မ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;မ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;လ&#4152;ခ&#4154;&#4141;န&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;၀ယ&#4153;ၾကရတယ&#4153;&#4170; "မ&#4143;န&#4153;႔&#4145;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;" လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;ခၚတယ&#4153;&#4171; &#4155;ပန&#4153;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တ&#4146;&#4151;အခ&#4139; တင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; အတ&#4141;ထ&#4140;&#4152;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;တယ&#4153; "ဇလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;" (ဆန&#4153;တ&#4143;တ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;) လ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4145;ခၚတယ&#4153;&#4171; ၀ယ&#4153;&#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152;န&#4146;႔&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152; က မက&#4156;&#4140;ဘ&#4144;&#4152;&#4170; ဥပမ&#4140; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142;&#4145;ခ&#4140;တ&#4153;တ&#4150;&#4143;&#4152;က တစ&#4153;တင&#4153;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ၁၀၀ န&#4146;႔၀ယ&#4153;တယ&#4153;ဆ&#4141;&#4143;ပ&#4139;စ&#4141;&#4143;႔&#4170; &#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152;က ၁၀၅ &#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; အ&#4146;ဒ&#4142; ဇလ&#4143;ပ&#4153;တ&#4141;&#4143;က&#4153;န&#4146;႔ မ&#4143;န&#4153;႔&#4145;ဖ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152; ၾက&#4140;&#4152;က က&#4156;&#4140;တ&#4146;&#4151;ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;က&#4145;လ&#4152;တစ&#4153;&#4155;ပည&#4153;မရ&#4157;&#4141;တစ&#4153;ရ&#4157;&#4141;&#4145;လ&#4140;က&#4153;က ပ&#4156;&#4146;ခသ&#4145;ဘ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171; တခ&#4139;တ&#4145;လ ၀ယ&#4153;ရင&#4153;&#4152;&#4145;ရ&#4140;င&#4153;&#4152;ရင&#4153;&#4152;န&#4146;႔ &#4145;စ&#4154;&#4152;တက&#4153;ရင&#4153;&#4145;တ&#4140;&#4151; ၿမ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;ၿမ&#4141;&#4147;&#4152;&#4155;မက&#4153;&#4155;မက&#4153;ရတ&#4140;&#4145;ပ&#4139;&#4151;&#4171;<br />
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ဇ&#4142;&#4152;သ&#4142;&#4152;က&#4141;&#4143; ၀ယ&#4153;ၿပ&#4142;&#4152;ရင&#4153; အ&#4141;တ&#4153;ထ&#4146; ထ&#414
Report ID
20210304T121902Z_webconnectivity_MM_58952_n1_3OoerSGIb6Iu9rsN
Platform
linux
Software Name
ooniprobe-cli (3.5.2)
Measurement Engine
ooniprobe-engine (3.5.2)

Raw Measurement Data

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